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Nestled amid the magnificent mountains, Shimla is situated at a great height of 2200 m and is considered to be one of the most popular travel getaways in India. There is no denying the fact that Shimla makes it to the top of every novice traveller’s travel bucket list. 

The mystical charm and the incredible colonial architecture makes Shimla the rightful summer capital of India. We can get the idea of its popularity by considering the fact that from the last 50 years or so it has been the favourite travel destination of families and couples alike. 

This is perhaps due to the fact that Shimla still retains its old charm and vibrant spirit. So, if you are planning to visit Shimla then the months from March to June would be the best. 

Also Read: This hill station is a tourist attraction in Gujarat

The overall weather during these months is very pleasant and great for exploring the city around. However, if you love snowfall, then you should make a visit in the winter months. But it is best to avoid the monsoon season.

History of Shimla

Shimla has been named after a Hindu Goddess Shyamala Devi and since the 18th century, this place was nothing but a conglomeration of forest and some scattered huts. 

Then in the 19th century, in 1863 to be precise, the British Viceroy of India, John Lawrence purposely made Shimla the summer capital of India. He had done so to escape the scorching summer heat of the plains. Following this, in 1871, Shimla became the capital of Punjab. However, after the formation of Himachal Pradesh in 1971, this beautiful city was merged with it. 

The Period of Anglo-Gurkha War. Another important historical aspect of Shimla is the Anglo-Gurkha war which started at the very beginning of the 19th century. It is believed that the Gurkha community had suffered a very severe defeat from Sikhs at Kangra. This was a lesson to the Gurkha people and soon, as a damage control measure, many forts were built by them. After which, following the next line of orders, they started capturing and ravaging the nearby hill regions which included Shimla. 

It is said that by 1808, the Gurkha invaders had conquered all the fortified posts between the river Jamuna and Satluj. Concerned with this political scenario, the hill people didn’t have any other option left but to appeal the Britishers for help. 

Soon, a small force was deployed under Major General Sir David Ochterlony and was sent to liberate the hill people from the Gurkhas. All the hill chieftains and forces helped the Britishers and a ferocious battle followed in which the Britishers came out as winners.

Major Attractions in and Around Shimla

1. Mall Road. It is one of the best places to visit if you love shopping. Here, you can find shawls, handicrafts, woollens and so much more to take away with yourself as a souvenir. Mall Road is definitely one of the busiest shopping areas which at the same time also depicts the jovial spirit of a hill station.

2. Ridge. It is fundamentally a very wide open street located sideways of Shimla Mall Road. Here you will find everything from artefacts to the spectacular views of the snow-capped mountains. Yes, this place is a delightful combination of a lot of things like that and also happens to be the most photographed part of the hill station.

3. Kufri. Located at a mere distance of (approx) 13 km from Shimla, Kufri is again one of the best destinations to visit with your loved ones. The scenic views of this place are more or less amazing which is the precise reason why people choose Kufri as their holidaying spot. One of the highlighting features of Kufri is its zoo where you can find a wide variety of animals like antelopes, felines, bears, and birds which include the Himalayan Monal aka the state bird of Himachal Pradesh as well. 

4. Jakhoo Temple. Nestled amid the Shivalik hill range, Jakhoo Temple is a quaint attraction for tourists and devotees alike. Mainly dedicated to the monkey God, Lord Hanuman, this temple is one of the most sought after tourist attractions in Shimla. The statue of the lord is so big that one can witness it from most parts of Shimla. For any spiritual seeker, the temple is a must-visit.

How to Reach Shimla

Shimla is a fantastic travel destination where you can hope to spend some really great time with your loved ones. The city is located at an approximate distance of 342, 2,177, 1,415, and 2,070 km from Delhi, Bengaluru, Mumbai and Kolkata respectively. Here is how you can reach Shimla using the following means of transportation.

By Air. The nearest airport is the Shimla Airport aka Jubbarhatti Airport. It doesn’t function all year round, thus it is best recommended to take connecting flights from Delhi or Chandigarh. Once you deboard at the airport, you will need to cover the remaining distance by some means of public transportation like a cab or a bus.

By Train. The nearest railway station is the Kalka Railway Station which is around 90 km away. Apart from this, you can also consider travelling to Chandigarh Railway Station which is around 113 km from the city. From both these stations, you would have to get a taxi or a bus to reach your destination. 

By Road. Shimla has fairly well-connected roads to and fro other Indian cities. If you are planning to visit here by road, then, you can either choose to book an interstate or a private bus, or you can consider travelling in your own vehicle if it is suitable as per your budget.

You can plan your trip and create your own route to the city with Adotrip’s technically driven circuit planner. Click here

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