Every year, millions of tourists and locals visit zoos to see and admire wild animals enjoying a leisurely stroll in an artificially created ‘natural habitat’. The trend to create natural habitats and give more space to the animals is on the rise. Originally meant to educate and entertain the public, zoos are now strictly regulated and inspected by the Governments. India is peppered with some of the largest zoos in the world. Sprawled across hundreds of acres of land, these places help in rehabilitating and displaying animals safely and securely. With many vulnerable animals on the verge of extinction, the need of the hour is to have excellent conservation strategies.
It is important to protect wildlife. If you wish to see these animals at close quarters without visiting National Park or Sanctuaries, visit a zoo. Here, we have curated a list of zoological parks in India. Take your kids along with you, who are sure to feel curious to know more about animals they have so far seen only in their picture books. It is going to be an entertaining and educational experience for them.
India is rich in wildlife and natural resources. These are some of India's best zoos that allow you to observe wildlife and admire natural beauty all around. If you are a die-hard animal-lover, witness the greatness of nature in these zoos and enjoy an ultimate fun experience. Go straight to the list of the biggest zoos in India.
Arignar Anna Zoological Park was the first and the largest zoon in India. Gigantic in size, it is located approximately 15 km away from Chennai International Airport. You will be amazed to see a diverse range of wildlife species housed in the zoo. Approximately 1500 types of animals, winged creatures alongside flightless feathered creatures and creepy insects, reside here.
• Location: Chennai, Tamil Nadu
• Started in 1855
• Area: 6.03 km2 or 1,490 sections of land
Nandankanan zoo is the second largest zoo in India. This zoo is also referred to as the “Garden of Heaven”. It is located in Bhubaneswar, Odisha. It is also famous for White Tiger Safari. Bird Lovers can join Nandankanan Bird Walk and spot some of the rarest species of birds.
• Location: Bhubaneswar, Odisha
• Started in 1960
• Area: 4.006 km2 or 1080 sections of land
This zoo is named after the late PM of India, Indira Gandhi. Nestled in the lap of Kambalakonda Forest Reserve, this park is spread across 625 acres of land. More than 80 species of wildlife indigenous to this area reside in the park.
• Location: Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh
• Started in 1977
• Area: 2.52 km2 or 625 sections of land
Another zoological garden situated within Hengrabari Reserved Forest, the State Zoo of Assam, also attracts a lot of visitors. This fenced-in area is home to more than 113 types of animals from different parts of the world.
• Location: Guwahati, Assam
• Started in 1958
• Area: 1.74 km2 432.4 sections of land
Located 16 km away from Hyderabad, the Nehru Zoological Park is a famous tourist attraction. In 1963, the zoo was opened to the public. Spread across 380 acres of land, the zoo is home to 1500 species of reptiles, birds, and mammals. Here, the animals are kept in open enclosures, resembling natural habitats.
• Location: Hyderabad, Telangana
• Started in 1963
• Area: 1.53 km2 or 380 sections of land
Originally, this zoo was set up in approximately 10 acres area, but later more area was added to it, and ape enclosures were built. This zoo is home to around 168 types of animals found near the famous Mysore Palace. It was founded by a German exterior decorator and horticulturist, G.H. Krumbiegel, in the royal residence of the lord of Mysore Maharaja Sri Chamaraja Wodeyar.
• Location: Mysore, Karnataka
• Started in 1892
• Area: 0.99 km2 or 244 sections of land
One of the oldest zoological parks in India, Allen Forest Zoo or the Kanpur Zoo, was opened to the public in 1974. It is beautifully set up in a man-made forest and is spread across 76.56 hectares of land. The park's undulating landscape gives it a look of a high forest.
• Location: Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh
• Started in 1971
• Area: 0.77 km2 or 190.2 sections of land
Home to numerous birds, animals, reptiles and mammal species, residing in a natural-looking environment is one of the biggest attractions in Delhi. This National Zoological Park in India is a lovely zoological park that has more than 126 types of animals, a lovely green island, and a citadel that goes back to the sixteenth century. The specialty and an incredible attraction at the zoo are the White Tiger.
• Location: New Delhi, Delhi
• Started in 1959
• Area: 0.71 km2 or 175.4 sections of land
Also referred to as the Sanjay Gandhi Botanical Park is home to more than 300 distinct species of plants. It is also known for housing more than 400 types of creatures, birds, trees, and fish.
• Location: Patna, Bihar
• Started in 1973
• Area: 0.62 km. or 153.2 sections of land
This zoo is special by the distinctive sections created as per different species of animals residing in them. The first is the animal halfway house, a separate snake park, and a zoo. This zoo is notable for housing the most poisonous creatures.
• Location: Pune, Maharashtra
• Started in 1999
• Area: 0.53 km. or 130.9 sections of land