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Officially known as the National Capital Territory (NCT), Delhi is also a union territory of India. It is the second-most populous city of our country after Mumbai with a massive population of around 2 crores. The neighbouring cities around Delhi such as Gurgaon, Noida, Faridabad, Ghaziabad, etc also come under the Central National Capital Region simply because they share their boundary with Delhi. 

It is interesting to know that Delhi has been inhabited since the 6th century BCE. However, history has not been so kind to Delhi as it was ransacked and looted over a period of some hundred years, Specifically during the medieval period. What makes Delhi stand out among the rest, is the fact that after all of this it still stands tall and prideful in the face of adversity. Delhi has also been associated with many myths, and legends belonging to different eras. 

One such legend states that Delhi was established by a king named ‘Dhillu’ or ‘Dillu’ somewhere in the 50 BCE. He had named the city on his name. Another story states that it has been named on the word ‘Dhili’ which means to be loose. This name was used by the Tomaras who saw that the foundation of the iron pillar in Delhi was quite weak and had to be moved. But anyhow, despite all of this, the nature of the people belonging to Delhi has been always good. And it is mainly because of this that they are also referred to as Delhiites or Dilliwallas in a sweet manner. 

History of Delhi

It is said that the city of Delhi was first inhabited somewhere around the 2nd Millenium BCE. Apart from that, many strong pieces of evidence of life had been found in these geographical boundaries belonging to the 6th Century BCE in the form of artifacts and other historical remains. Many experts and historians believe that this site is the same as that of Indraprastha which was the city ruled by the Pandavas. There was also a time when this place was known as the ‘Khandavaprastha’ which had to be burnt down to build the city of Indraprastha in its place. The earliest relics which have been found in this place dates back to the Mauryan period. 

Late Medival Period of Delhi 

It was in 1192 that King Prithviraj Chauhan was defeated by Muhammad of Ghori who was a Muslim invader from Afghanistan. Apparently, he had tried to invade Delhi many times earlier in the past as well.  At that point in time, who knew that the Muslim rule would last around 5 centuries under the rule of Turk, Mughal, and Lodi dynasties and after which the Britishers would loot us for another couple of hundred years. When somewhere in 1206 BCE, Ghori had died, many of his territories were fractured. Owing to this, many of his generals had seized this opportunity to form their own territories.

Also Read: This old city, on the east side of the Sabarmati River, flaunts a vibrant culture, & Gandhian Philosophy

Then it was the year 1526 when Babur invaded India. He was essentially a dacoit who successfully defeated the last Lodi Sultan of Delhi in a battle that happened in Panipat and thus founded the Mughal empire. The Mughal dynasty ruled Delhi for a period of around 3 centuries. The death of Aurangzeb saw the end of the Mughal empire and the rise of the British empire.

Colonial Period and Post-Independence

It was the year 1803, during the second Anglo-Indian Maratha war when the British forces had defeated the Marathas in the battle of Delhi. And during the Indian rebellion of 1857, Delhi again fell to the hands of East India Company after an intense battle which was also known as ‘Siege of Delhi’. The name New Delhi was given to the city in the year 1927 and it was on 13th February 1931 that Delhi, also known as Lutyens Delhi was officially made the union capital of India. 

Why you Should Visit Delhi

Right from the architectural wonders to its rich culture, Delhi has every bit of reason to be explored and visited. No matter if you are a traveler, shopaholic, culture lover, food connoisseur or anything, Delhi will not disappoint you.   

Places to Visit in Delhi

Humayun Tomb. It is known as the resting place of Mughal Emperor Humayun and is sited at the Nizamuddin East location of Delhi. The architecture of this place is really good and it stands among one of the famous monument structures in Delhi. Read More

Hauz Khas Village. Hauz Khas stands among the well-known places in Delhi. It's a place with beautiful buildings and magnificent Islamic architecture along with well-established green parks. This place is mainly known for the nightlife, a number of offbeat cafes, bars, and pubs. Read More 

Qutub Minar. Qutub Minar is the world’s tallest brick minaret with a height of approximately 240 ft. The construction of this historical site took place in 1192 under the supervision of Qutb Ud-Din-Aibak. Read More 

Things to do in Delhi

Visit India Gate. India Gate is sited at Rajpath in New Delhi and comes as one of the most significant historical structures. The overall aura of this place is quite amazing to witness. One can feel the honour surging within while looking at this incredible monument. 

Visit National Zoological Park. National Zoological Park is located close to the old fort in Delhi. It is also famous for a weekend spot among the kids and adults too. Here one can find some of the most amazing and rare species of animals and birds.

Events and Festivals in and Around Delhi

Republic Day. There is absolutely no bigger celebration than a country's pride and honour and that's what can be truly witnessed on the Republic Day. There is nothing so heartwarming than watching this parade that displays the diverse cultures, states and people of India. Read More

Independence Day. Though Independence Day is celebrated all over India, watching the Prime Minister address the nation from Red Fort is really phenomenal. Read More

Best Time to Visit Delhi

Summers remains quite hot in Delhi, however, one can experience the little decrease in the temperature during monsoon. The winter/spring is the best time to visit Delhi as during this time the temperature remains ideal.

Famous Food and Clothing of Delhi

Delhi is known for its rich culture, history and obviously the mouth-watering flavours of its local cuisines. It is the kind of place which is always high on travel-induced intoxication. When it comes to food then some of the most delicious delicacies of Delhi are Chole Bhature, Biryani, Kebabs, Butter Chicken and what not. It is practically a food hub of our country with a very diverse range of scrumptious food items coming from every culture and place in India. When it comes to clothing, both men and women tend to wear modern styled clothing. However, when it comes to traditional and ethnic wear then the women in Delhi generally wear Salwaar Kameez or saree and men go with Kurta and Pyjama. 

How to Reach Delhi

By Air. Delhi has its own airport which is the Indira Gandhi International Airport. It has great connectivity via other nearby and major cities like Hyderabad, Pune, Mumbai, Bengaluru, and Chennai.  

By Road. Travelling via road to Delhi will only add to the list of your fun experiences. It has good road connectivity via roads from nearby cities like Chandigarh, Mumbai, Pune, Bengaluru, and Chennai, etc. If you plan to travel by road then you should take into account the overall timings to reach this place which are 4 hrs, 25 hrs, 27 hrs, 37 hrs, 38 hrs, etc respectively. 

By Train. Getting a train to the capital city of our country is not hard at all. You can easily catch a train from any city like Mumbai, Pune, Chandigarh, Bengaluru, Chennai, etc. Tourists can also consider deboarding the train at Delhi Anand Vihar Terminal, Old Delhi Train station, or at Nizamuddin. 

You can plan your trip and create your own route to the city with Adotrip’s technically driven circuit planner. Click here


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