The ninth month in the Islamic calendar is known as the month of Ramadan or Ramazan. This holy month is observed as the month of fasting by all Muslims around the globe. Observing fasts during this month is considered to be one of the five pillars of Islam. Starting from the month’s first sighting of the crescent moon to the next sighting, Ramadan Kareem is celebrated for almost 29 or 30 days.
The month of Ramadan is one of the five fundamental pillars of Islam. As ordained by the holy book Quran, this is the sacred month for all the followers of Islam that is marked by various rituals such as month-long fasting, praying, and introspecting. It was during this month when Prophet Muhammad received the first doctrines of the Holy Quran.
According to the ancient beliefs, a man named Muhammad, a resident of the Arabian city -Mecca started receiving revelations from Allah or God via an angel named Gabriel. The first sighting marks the beginning of Ramadan. Then the revelations or prophecies were collected in 114 chapters, these chapters then combined in a book which is now known as the Holy Quran. Devotees believe that Mohammad was the final prophet in the line of prophets who were chosen by God to spread the message of oneness, love, and mankind.
Considered the fourth pillar of Islam, the sacred month of Ramazan is based on the principles such as self-reformation, purification of thoughts, helping the needy, and renewing faith. As per the Quran, it is the most significant month as Prophet Mohammad received the first verses of the holy text, therefore, the month is considered to be the opportune time to observe fast and offer prayers with great zeal and enthusiasm.
According to Islam, the good deeds practiced in the month of Ramadan bring prosperity and success. Also, it is believed that in the holy month of Ramadan, the gates of heaven are opened and the devils are put in chains.
Another significance of the month lies in the victory of Muslims of Medina over the Pagans of Mecca which is recorded in the Quran and Hadiths. It was the first battle between the two communities -the Battle of Badr in 624 CE wherein the Muslims gained victory over the Pagans on the battlefield of Saudi Arabia.
During each day of the month of Ramadan, devotees observe strict fasting. The devotees are forbidden from consuming a single grain of food or a drop of water from sunrise to sunset and have to abstain from impure thoughts and bad habits like smoking and drinking.
The day begins with dawn when most of the devotees rise up early to grab a meal. This early morning meal is known as Suhoor. It is a vital part of fasting as this keeps the devotees in good health for the entire month of Ramadan.
As the Prophet Muhammad used to break his fast with a date, this has become a ritual for all Muslims. Also, a grand feast is prepared and families gather together in dusk to break their day-long fast. The grand feast prepared to end the fast after sunset is known as Iftar.
Taraweeh is the night prayers that are recited throughout the month of Ramadan. The lengthy chapters of the Quran are recited the night before going to sleep in order to keep up with praying and keeping away from negative thoughts.
It is the third pillar of Islam wherein charity is collected from every Muslim household to provide the food for poor and needy. The price of one meal is paid by the head of the family in the name of each family member during the auspicious month of Ramadan which is known as Zakat al-Fitr. This is an important ritual that teaches humanity as every Muslim who has more than their needs pay Zakat wholeheartedly in order to help poor and needy people.
According to Islam, Itikaf was the blissful night when the first verses of the Quran were revealed to Prophet Muhammad and this auspicious night decides their destiny for the following year. The exact date of Itikaf night is uncertain but it is widely agreed that it falls somewhere between the last ten days of Ramadan month. Many Muslims go into seclusion during the last ten days and offer prayers in search of the Night of Decree, Lailul ul-Qadar.
The last day of Ramadan is celebrated as Eid al-Fitr, one of Islam’s major festivals. Also called the Festival of Breaking the Fast, Eid al-Fitr concludes the month-long fasting during Ramadan month. Besides offering prayers and showing gratitude for completing the month-long fasting, sweet savories are prepared in every Muslim household, and gifts are given to children and those in need.
During this holy month, people decorate their shops and houses. Every corner of Bazaars is lit up with twinkly lights, prayer flags, and flowers that add more charm to the festive spirit. Food shops and popular restaurants serve special dishes and offer exclusive discounts. Jama Masjid in Delhi is the best place to witness the fervor during Ramadan.
Jama Masjid becomes the epicenter during the holy month of Ramadan. It is one of the largest mosques in India. It is made up of red sandstone and marbles and the charm of this building can not be put into words. Jama Masjid is considered to be the last marvel that was built by the Great Mughal ruler Shah Jahan. Built between 1644 and 1648, Jama Masjid is also known as the Friday Mosque.
Deboard at the Indira Gandhi International Airport (DEL) and from there take a cab, metro, auto-rickshaw, or some other means of public transport to reach your respective destination. To visit the masjid, you will need to cover a total distance of about 18-20 km from the airport. The Indira Gandhi International Airport is well-connected with other Indian airports via direct and connecting flights from other cities.
Getting a train to Delhi is not hard at all. You can easily catch a train in other Indian cities. Tourists can consider deboarding the train at Old Delhi Train station. From there, the masjid is located at a distance of 2-3 km only.
Traveling via the road to Delhi will only add to the list of your fun experiences. It has good road connectivity via roads from nearby cities like Chandigarh, Ludhiana, Amritsar, and other cities and districts as well. Depending upon your convenience and budget, you can easily travel to Delhi by your own vehicle, private cab, or government/private buses.