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The city of Amritsar lies in the Majha region of the state of Punjab. Amritsar was historically known as Ramdaspur and then Ambarsar. This historically and culturally prominent city is widely known for Golden Temple which is the major landmark of the city that attracts tourists and devotees from across the globe. Amritsar is one of the holiest cities for Sikhs and people visit here on the sacred day of Vaisakhi which is also the birth anniversary of Khalsa Panth of warriors by Guru Gobind Singh in 1699. Besides the Golden Temple, the city is also popular for the beating retreat ceremony that is held at Wagah-Attari Border.  

The months between November to March are great to visit the city with your loved ones. During this time the overall temperature is quite pleasant and apt for sightseeing.  

History of Amritsar 

Historians claim that Guru Ram Das Ji, the fourth Sikh Guru established Amritsar. Initially, it was known as Ramdaspur as it was named after the fourth guru, but it later got changed to Amritsar. By the advent of the 19th century, the region came under British rule. The unforgettable and the most inhumane incident, the Jalianwala Bagh Massacre in 1919 happened during British rule in the heart of the city itself. Even today the Jalianwala Bagh site is visited by history buffs and tourists who pay their homage to the innocent souls who lost their lives here. 

Also Read: A holy city for Hindus and one of the Char Dhams located on the banks of Gomti river

Amritsar again witnessed another unfortunate incident that people remember by the name Operation Bluestar. In 1984, the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi ordered an attack on the Sikh militants who were hiding in the Golden Temple. To successfully carry out the operation the Indian army invaded the temple and during the process, a part of the temple’s structure got damaged which later caused controversy and unrest in the state. Today, the city has become a popular tourist destination in the country that is known for its historic and religious sites, delicious food, and vibrant festivals.   

Major Attractions in and Around Amritsar

1. Golden Temple. The Golden Temple is also known as Harmandir as well as Swarna Mandir. The design of this mandir was designed by Guru Arjan Singh himself. Furthermore, what is really worth knowing is the fact that the foundation of this shrine was laid by a Muslim Saint namely Hazrat Mian Mir Ji. Read More

2. Wagah-Attari Border Ceremony. This is basically a road border between India and Pakistan. Nowadays, it is a very famous tourist spot for people to witness a famous beating retreat ceremony between the soldiers of two countries. Almost 5000 people visit this place on a daily basis. Read More

3. Jallianwala Bagh. Jallianwalan Bagh is one of the most visited places by tourists in Amritsar. This place was established in the year of 1951 by the Government for the sole purpose of commemorating the massacre of peaceful celebrators which included unarmed men, women, and children, by the British forces. The evil plan was executed on the Punjabi New Year on the date of 13th April 1919.

4. Guru Ke Mahal. The Guru Ke Mahal houses the Granth Sahib and their gurus as well. This place was founded by Guru Ram Das in the year of 1573 as a little cottage that went on to shelter the great gurus of the Sikhs as well.

5. Hall Bazaar. The Hall Bazaar is the right kind of place where one can hope to buy a great variety of things such as quality books, handicraft items, ready-made garments and so much more. Basically, this place is more or less a great option to visit with your loved ones and have some real fun.

6. Partition Museum. The Partition Museum is really worth travelling to owing to the fact that it is a first-ever museum in the entire world that focuses on the stories and trauma of the millions who had to suffer from the consequences of a ruthless partition. This place has been recently opened in the Town Hall of Amritsar.

How to Reach Amritsar

By Air. Sree Guru Ram Das Jee International Airport of Amritsar is the nearest to reach this culturally and historically rich city. From there, you would have to either catch a bus or hire a taxi to reach your desired location. There are regular flights to Amritsar from all the metro cities of India hence one may consider travelling by air if budget is not a constraint.     

By Road. Amritsar is quite well connected via the road network. If you are planning to visit Amritsar by road then you may either travel by an inter-state tourist bus or may drive to the city in your personal vehicle. One is required to cover 450km via NH52, 1700km via NH48, 1900km via NH19, and 2600km via NH44 from Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, and Bengaluru respectively.  

By Train. Amritsar is very well connected via train routes. Travelling via train would suit you best if you are looking for affordable travelling options. Amritsar Junction Railway Station is where you have to deboard the train to explore the city. Trains from all the metro cities of India such as Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, and Bengaluru arrive here.   

You can plan your trip and create your own route to the city with Adotrip’s technically driven circuit planner. Click here

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