Eid-ul-Fitr

12 May 2021 - 14 May 2021

Religious

Delhi, Delhi

9°C / Clear

Eid-ul-Fitr, also known as Eid-al-Fitr, marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic month of fasting and purification. The literal meaning of Eid-ul-Fitr is the festival of breaking the fast, and due to its religious prominence, it is considered as the right time for official visits to relatives and friends. The purpose of these visits is to greet each other and distribute presents. People wear new clothes and the whole atmosphere is enveloped with happiness. Many people also call it Lesser Eid and this occasion is best utilised for charity, special prayers, etc. Considered as one of the five pillars of Islam, it is an integral part of fasting or swam commitment. It is celebrated after breaking 29 to 30 days of fasting or roze. The exact date of this festival cannot be known in advance. It is decided as per the sighting of Eid crescent moon by the religious authorities of different countries. Thus, it may be celebrated on different days in different countries. 

History Of Eid-Ul-Fitr 

According to historical accounts, the festival of Eid-al-Fitr was conceptualized by Prophet Muhammad. According to Anas, who was the companion of the great Prophet, when Muhammad arrived at Medina, he found people celebrating on two specific days where they entertained themselves by various means. Thus, the prophet announced that the Almighty himself has fixed two days for human festivities, which then, later on, came to be known as Eid-al-Fitr and Eid-al-Adha. Muslims all over the world observe this festival acknowledging Allah’s reveletion of the Holy Quran to Prophet Muhammad. In India, this festival is celebrated amidst great pomp and show.

Eid-Ul-Fitr | Date, Time, & Venue

Eid-Ul-Fitr is celebrated in the month of Ramadan, after completing 29 to 30 days of roze or fasting. As per the Islamic Lunar Calendar, it is celebrated on the first day of Shawwal or the tenth month. The date of this festival varies as it is dependent on the sighting of the Eid crescent moon. It is celebrated all over the world with great enthusiasm and excitement. In India, this festival is celebrated amidst a lot of pomp and gaiety. 

6 Best Places to Celebrate Eid-Ul-Fitr in India

Eid is the time to celebrate, rejoice, and renew one’s faith in Allah and His teachings. The followers of Muslim religion get together with firnds and family, greet each other, exchange gifts, enjoy sweets, and grateful for everything they have. Let us have a look at some of the places where Eid-Ul-fitr is celebrated with great fervour and devotion. 

1. Jama Masjid, Delhi

In India, the first place where Muslim community offer Eid namaz is at Jama Masjid. With the offering of this namaz, the Holy month of Ramadan comes to an end. Although Jama Masjid is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Delhi, it attracts thousands of people on Eid-Ul-Fitr. The mosque is packed with Muslim devotees who assemble here to offer namaz. The vibrant crowd throunging the bazaars outside Jama Masjid celebrate the festival enthusiastically. 

How to Reach Delhi

  • Nearest Airport. Indira Gandhi International Airport
  • Nearest Railway Station. New Delhi Railway Station

2. Taj Mahal Mosque, Agra

The Taj Mahal Mosque witnesses thronging crowds of ardent devotees who visit this lovely monument to celebrate Eid-Ul-Fitr. They offer Namaz in the huge courtyard right in front of the red sandstone mosque. After morning Namaz, devotees meet and greet each other and wish Eid Mubarak! The area close to Taj Mahal gets decked up with colourful festoons, lights, and a sparkling fair where people buy new clothes, sweets, and other delicacies. 

How to Reach Agra

  • Nearest Airport. Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay Airport, Agra
  • Nearest Railway Station. Agra Fort Railway Station

3. Charminar, Hyderabad

Hyderabad is known for its iconic monument, Charminar which is visible from a far away distance. During the sacred and Holy month of Ramadan, the area around Chaar Minar becomes a center of celebrations, shopping, activities, and excitement. People visit Char Minar from far away places to offer Namaz. They dress in their finest clothes, exchange gifts, meet and greet each other. 

How to Reach Char Minar

  • Nearest Airport. Rajiv Gandhi International Airport
  • Nearest Railway Station. Malakpet Railway Station

4. Masjid-E-Khadria, Bangalore

This is a stunning mosque located close to the Bangalore Cantt Railway Station. It is situated within the premises of Quddus Saheb Eidgah where every year Haji visits the Haj Camp every year. The mosque witnesses heavy footfall during Ramadan festival with millions of devotees gathering here to offer Eid Namaz. 

How to Reach Bangalore

  • Nearest Airport. Kempegowda International Airport
  • Nearest Railway Station. Bangalore Cantonment

5. Haji Ali, Mumbai

Haji Ali is a prominent landmark in Mumbai. It is an incredible example of Islamic architecture and the best place to enjoy Eid celebrations. Located close to the vast expanse of Arabian Sea, its white minarets and domes can be seen from afar. It is visited by thousands of visitors and devotees throughout the year. Besides admiring the visual and aesthetic beauty of the mosque and its strategic location, people also come here to seek mannat from Allah. It is believed that no one praying here at the Hazi Ali’s mazar is ever disappointed. 

How to Reach Mumbai

  • Nearest Airport. Chhatrapari Shivaji Maharaj International Airport
  • Nearest Railway Station. Mahalakshmi Railway Station

6. Hazratbal, Srinagar

Hazratbal in Srinagar is one of the most popular mosques. This mosque houses holy relics of Prophet Muhammed. Its strategic location close to the stunning and serene Dal Lake makes it a perfect place to offer Eid namaz. During Eid celebrations, the area dons a festive look with excitement and joy reaching its zenith among the ardent devotees. 

How To Reach Srinagar

  • Nearest Airport. Sheikh-Ul-Alam International Airport
  • Nearest Railway Station. Hazratbal Railway Station

Eid-Ul-Fitr Major Attractions And Rituals

Traditionally, the festival begins as the sun sets on the first sighting of the crescent moon and goes on to be celebrated for one to three days. It is said that fasting is prohibited on this day. People also do charity on the auspicious occasion of Eid.

1. Eid prayer

The Eid prayer is usually performed collectively in open fields and mosques or even in community centres. For this prayer ritual, no call is given by the Muezzin. The prayer is followed by a sermon and then a supplication asking for Allah’s forgiveness, mercy and peace for the entire world. 

2. Sunni Procedure

The Sunni Muslims praise Allah in loud cries of Allahu Akbar. The recitation only ceases when they reach the mosque. The prayers commence by doing Niyyat for the prayer. After this, the Imam says Takbir - the recitation of Allahu Akbar which is done three times. After this, the Imam reads Surah-e-Fatiha completing the first Rakat. 

3. Shia Procedure

In the Shia procedure as well, the prayer starts with Niyyat which is then followed by five Takbirs. During every Takbir, a special Dua is said by the Muslim devotees. Following this, the Imam recites Surah-al-Fatihah and the people collectively perform Ruku and Sujud as in other prayers.

Frequently Asked Questions About Eid-Ul-Fitr

Ques 1. Why is Eid-Ul-Fitr celebrated?

Ans 1.  The literal meaning of Eid-ul-Fitr is the festival of breaking the fast, and due to its religious prominence, it is considered as the right time for official visits to relatives and friends. 

Ques 2. When is Eid-Ul-Fitr celebrated?

Ans 2. Eid-Ul-Fitr is celebrated in the month of Ramadan, after completing 29 to 30 days of roze or fasting. As per the Islamic Lunar Calendar, it is celebrated on the first day of Shawwal or the tenth month. The date of this festival varies as it is dependent on the sighting of the Eid crescent moon. 

Ques 3. How is Eid-Ul-Fitr celebrated at Jama Masjid in Delhi?

Ans 3. In India, the first place where Muslim community offer Eid namaz is at Jama Masjid. With the offering of this namaz, the Holy month of Ramadan comes to an end. Although Jama Masjid is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Delhi, it attracts thousands of people on Eid-Ul-Fitr. 

Ques 4. What is the history behind celebrating Eid-Ul-Fitr?

Ans 4. According to historical accounts, the festival of Eid-al-Fitr was conceptualized by Prophet Muhammad. According to Anas, who was the companion of the great Prophet, when Muhammad arrived at Medina, he found people celebrating on two specific days where they entertained themselves by various means. He decided to celebrate Eid-Ul-Fitr in the month of Ramadan.

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