Taj Mahal

Historic sites

Uttar Pradesh

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Taj Mahal stands among the seven wonders of the world and is situated in Agra. This historical monument is also termed as a Symbol of love. This is so because the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan had built it in the memory of his third wife Mumtaz Mahal. Taj Mahal covers approximately 60 bighas of land and is built up of white marble bought from Makrana in Rajasthan. The tomb structure is rectangular in shape and can be reached via a big gateway. The tomb symbolizing the eternal feeling of love was completed in 1653 with the hard labour of approx 20 years.

One can visit Taj Mahal in winters; the best time to visit the Taj Mahal is from October to December and February to March. For the local, the ticket price is INR 50. For foreign nationals, the ticket price is INR 1,300. For children below 15 years (both locals and foreigners), there are no charges.

History of Taj Mahal

It is believed that the construction of Taj Mahal was done importing materials from India and many parts of Asia. Close to a thousand elephants were used for the purpose of transportation. Apart from that 22,000 workers had put their strenuous efforts to shape this magnificent historical structure. 

The white marble was brought from Rajasthan, the jasper from the state of Punjab, jade and crystal from China, Lapis Lazuli was brought in by Afghanistan. All in all, twenty-eight types of precious and semi-precious stones were also inlaid into the white marble. Due to this the charm of the whole structure was enhanced manifolds. 

Legends also state that the Mughal Emperor, Shah Jahan had given the instructions to build a 15-kilometre ramp for transporting marble and other materials to be used in the construction of Taj Mahal. After putting in all the sweat, blood and technical knowledge of those times, it had taken a period of approximately 20 years to complete it; one of the 8 wonders of the world. The total cost of making Taj Mahal during that time is said to be anywhere from 30 to 32 million Indian rupees. This would approximately equal to 800-850 million US dollars as per 2015 data.

Also Read: It is a historical place which was built by Maharani Laxmi Bai

Major Attractions in and Around Taj Mahal

1. Exterior and Interior. Interior and exterior of the Taj Mahal will make you fall in love with the magnificence of this ancient structure. The designs scattered all around the building are food for thought for the curious minds.

2. Beautifully Carved Marble. The Taj Mahal is beautifully carved with white marble; it creates a perfect impression on the mind of an explorer. The faultlessly carved marble is a notable example of Mughal architecture. Every single stone carved is simply astonishing.

3. Precious Stones. Some other stones were also used like Agate, Jasper, Malachite Turquoise, Tiger’s Eye, Lapis Lazuli, Coral Carnelian. The mentioned stones are used to decorate the floral bouquets, alongside different shades of marble, slate, and sandstone which have also been used.

4. Agra Fort. A famous tourist place and close to Taj Mahal; constructed by Emperor Akbar and a number additions had been taken place till the time of Shah Jahan. Adore the beauty of the Mughal architecture as it is completely carved with red sandstone and listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

5. Akbar’s Tomb, Sikandra. Akbar’s Tomb is considered as the resting place of the Mughal Emperor Akbar and located 13 km away from Agra Fort. It’s a magnificent structure, however, its style is moderately different in comparison to other tombs of the Mughals.

6. Bazaars of the Old City. It will lead you to the heart of the city Agra where you can buy spices, clothes, saris, jewellery, shoes, crafts and so forth.

How to Reach Taj Mahal

By Air. Deboard at the Kheria Airport or Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay Airport and take a cab to reach Taj Mahal.

By Train. There are regular trains to the city of Agra to and fro via major Indian cities. After deboarding at the station, you will need to take a cab to reach Taj Mahal.

By Road. You can take your own vehicle, cab or a bus to reach Taj Mahal, Agra. The road connecting Agra to other cities are well-maintained.

You can plan your trip and create your own route to the city with Adotrip’s technically driven circuit planner. Click here

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