Carved with red stones, Fatehpur Sikri is a UNESCO world heritage spot. It attracts tourists from across the globe. In ancient times, the city was being ruled by Mughal Emperor Akbar, and the wall-carvings of this place clearly reflect his architectural brilliance.
Fatehpur Sikri is quite a beauty and has Jodha Bai’s palace, Jama Mosque, Buland Darwaza, and a tomb of Salim Chishti to boast. Appreciate the magnificent architecture, experience the religious beliefs and the 11 km long wall that has a number of gateways.
The name of the city is derived from the village called Sikri which occupied the spot before. An Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) excavation from 1999-2000 indicated that there was a habitation, temples and commercial centres here before Akbar built his capital. The region was settled by Sungas following their expansion. In the 12th century, it was briefly controlled by Sikarwar Rajputs.
The khanqah of Sheikh Salim existed earlier at this place. Akbar's son Jahangir was born at the village of Sikri in 1569 and that year Akbar began construction of a religious compound to commemorate the Sheikh who had predicted the birth. After Jahangir's second birthday, he began the construction of a walled city and imperial palace here. The city came to be known as Fatehpur Sikri, the "City of Victory", after Akbar's victorious Gujarat campaign in 1573.
1. Buland Darwaza. This structure has a height of 54 m from the ground and was constructed in the year 1601, in the honour of the victory of Gujarat. The architecture of the gateway is quite impressive in its own way that signifies the intelligence of the artists.
2. Diwani-i-khas. Diwani-i-khas stands among the most significant and attractive structures in the city. The most appreciable thing is the central tower, also known with a name called Lotus Throne. The wonderful architecture will keep you mesmerized where its pillars connect a passageway that further connects with the other four corners of the first floor. Its hall was built up for religious leaders to discuss private things with the audience.
3. Jodhabai Palace. The Jodhabai Palace is also famous with another name called Mariam Uz Zamani Palace. This palace is where Mughal Queen Jodhabai used to live and the architecture of the same is nothing but phenomenal. The palace offers you a complete mix of Hindu Rajputana style and Islamic Mughal style.
4. Tomb Of Sheikh Salim Chishti. Tomb Of Sheikh Salim Chisti was constructed in 1580 and 1581 and it is considered as the most significant structure in the complex. It is carved with the finest range of white marble where you can see the artistic stone. In art, you can look at a mix of Hindu and Mughal styles. The art design is also known as Jaalis and this spot helped as the main connection point at the time of Sufi movement in India.
5. Archaeological Museum. One can visit the Archaeological Museum located close to the entryway to Diwan-i-Am and it is opposite to the Akbar's former Treasury. This museum reflects pre-Mughal articles unheartened from Bir Chhabila Tila.
6. Lotus Throne. Established in the Jewel House building, every stone, used to establish this structure, is beautifully carved. One can view the information plaques written in English.
7. KHWABGAH. It stands among the beautiful landmarks of the Fatehpur Sikri complex. Visit the place and appreciate the history in each and every section of the complex.
Fatehpur Sikri is a historical town situated in Agra. For any heritage lover, this is a must-visit town. It is located at 245, 1,332, 1,333, 1,938 km from Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, and Bengaluru respectively. Here is how you can reach Fatehpur Sikri, Agra by the following means of public transportation.
By Air. You will need to deboard at the Deen Dayal Upadhyay Airport aka Agra Airport (AGR) which is situated 30-35 km from this town. It is a military airbase and also serves as a public airport serving the region of Agra. The airport has good flight connectivity with most of the Indian cities with regular flights coming in and going out. Once you get off the plane, book a cab or take a local auto or a bus to reach the town.
By Train. If you are planning a trip by train, then you will have to get off at the Fatehpur Sikri Railway Station (FTS). This is a small station serving the region with overall good train connectivity. Some good options that run through this station are Haldighati Passenger, Agra Fort Kota Passenger, Bayana - Yamuna Bridge Agra Passenger, Agra Cantt Bayana MEMU. Once off the station, take some means of local transportation to reach your destination.
By Road. The road network connecting Agra is well-maintained and fairly easily accessible. To travel here you can book interstate/private buses from the nearby regions and cities. If travelling on a bus doesn’t suit you, then you can also book taxis which are readily available from the nearby cities. Otherwise, one of the best options would be to travel by your own vehicle.