Fatehpur Sikri is a historical city in the Agra district of Uttar Pradesh, India. It was founded by Mughal Emperor Akbar in 1569 and served as his capital for 14 years. Today, it's one of the most popular tourist Destinations in the country, thanks to its well-preserved Mughal architecture. Here are some interesting facts about Fatehpur Sikri that will make you want to add it to your travel bucket list!
Carved with red stones, Fatehpur Sikri in Agra is a UNESCO world heritage site today. Fatehpur Sikri is quite a rare gem if we talk about the architectural brilliance that its buildings exhibit. Fatehpur Sikri is home to some popular buildings such as Jodha Bai’s palace, Jama Mosque, Buland Darwaza, and a tomb of Salim Chishti to boast. Here, you can appreciate the magnificent architecture, experience the religious harmony and the 11 km long wall that has a number of gateways.
Fatehpur Sikri is a popular tourist destination in Uttar Pradesh exhibiting architectural excellence and the tales of the renowned Mughal Emperor Akbar. You must plan a visit to this city in autumn or winter. During this time the weather is perfect to stroll around and explore the architecture that will keep you hooked.
Avoid visiting here in summer as they are scorching and the temperature in North India may go upto 40 degrees, which can be taxing on your mood and body!
The name of the city is derived from the village called Sikri which occupied the spot before. An Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) excavation from 1999-2000 indicated that there was a habitation, temples and commercial centres here before Akbar built his capital. The region was settled by Sungas following their expansion. In the 12th century, it was briefly controlled by Sikarwar Rajputs.
The khanqah of Sheikh Salim existed earlier at this place. Akbar's son Jahangir was born in the village of Sikri in 1569 and that year Akbar began the construction of a religious compound to commemorate the Sheikh who had predicted the birth. After Jahangir's second birthday, he began the construction of a walled city and imperial palace here. The city came to be known as Fatehpur Sikri, the "City of Victory", after Akbar's victorious Gujarat campaign in 1573.
1. Buland Darwaza
This structure has a height of 54 m from the ground and was constructed in the year 1601, in honour of the victory of Gujarat. The architecture of the gateway is quite impressive in its own way that signifies the intelligence of the artists.
Diwani-i-Khas stands among the most significant and attractive structures in the city. The most appreciable thing is the central tower, also known by the name called Lotus Throne. The wonderful architecture will keep you mesmerized where its pillars connect a passageway that further connects with the other four corners of the first floor. Its hall was built up for religious leaders to discuss private things with the audience.
3. Jodhabai Palace
The Jodhabai Palace is also famous with another name called Mariam Uz Zamani Palace. This palace is where Mughal Queen Jodhabai used to live and the architecture of the same is nothing but phenomenal. The palace offers you a complete mix of Hindu Rajputana style and Islamic Mughal style.
4. Tomb Of Sheikh Salim Chishti
The Tomb Of Sheikh Salim Chisti was constructed in 1580 and 1581 and it is considered the most significant structure in the complex. It is carved with the finest range of white marble where you can see the artistic stone. In art, you can look at a mix of Hindu and Mughal styles. The art design is also known as Jaalis and this spot helped as the main connection point at the time of the Sufi movement in India.
5. Archaeological Museum
One can visit the Archaeological Museum located close to the entryway to Diwan-i-Am and it is opposite Akbar's former Treasury. This museum reflects pre-Mughal articles unheartened from Bir Chhabila Tila.
6. Lotus Throne
Established in the Jewel House building, every stone used to establish this structure is beautifully carved. One can view the information plaques written in English.
It stands among the beautiful landmarks of the Fatehpur Sikri complex. Visit the place and appreciate the history in each and every section of the complex.
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Fatehpur Sikri is a historical town situated in Agra, Uttar Pradesh. For any heritage lover, this is a must-visit town. Here is how you can reach Fatehpur Sikri, Agra by the following means of public transportation.
You will need to deboard at the Kheria Airport. The airport has good flight connectivity with most of the Indian cities with regular flights coming in and going out. Once you get off the plane, book a cab or take a local auto or a bus to reach the town.
If you are planning a trip by train, then you can get down at various railway stations such as Agra Cantt, Agra Fort, Idgah, Agra City, Yamuna Bridge, and Raja ki Mandi. All these stations have good train connectivity. Once off the station, take some means of local transportation to reach your destination.
The road network connecting Agra is well-maintained and fairly easily accessible. To travel here you can book interstate/private buses from the nearby regions and cities. If travelling on a bus doesn’t suit you, then you can also book taxis which are readily available from the nearby cities. Otherwise, one of the best options would be to travel by your own vehicle.
Frequently Asked Questions Related to Fatehpur Sikri
Q1. Why is Fatehpur Sikri famous?
A1. Fatehpur Sikri has been documented as the first planned city of the Mughals. The city is known for its architectural excellence that is displayed in its administrative and residential buildings, mosques and monuments.
Q2. Is Fatehpur Sikri open for visitors?
A2. Yes, it is open all 7 days a week and you can plan a visit at your convenience. The archaeological museum in Fatehpur Sikri is open from 9 AM to 5 PM and remains closed on Friday.
Q3. What Fatehpur Sikri is often called a ghost city?
A3. It is believed that Akbar abandoned the city after which it was abandoned completely by all residents in 1610. As per some other tales, lack of water supply was another reason behind the abandonment.
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