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Monuments Of India

Top 9 Famous Historical Monuments Of India

India, the land of great civilization and rich culture, is proud to have some of the world's most beautiful and famous monuments. These historical structures are not only for tourism purposes but also signify the country's glorious past and architectural importance. Every corner of the country has its own specialties in the form of monuments with the history of kingdoms and empires inscribed. These monuments of India are indeed the mirror of India’s history and glorious past; they depict the finesse of work and architectural wonders done by different rulers and dynasties. When one visits these sites, it is quite possible that one feels transported in time and space, living the legends and feeling the glory that these structures still hold. Their preservation enables people of future generations to follow the course through India’s historical sites and make sure that India’s cultural heritage will remain preserved and available for usage.

List Of 9 Famous Historical Monuments Of India

Here’s the list of 9 monuments of India that dictate why India is a glorious nation.

  • Taj Mahal

  • Lotus Temple
  • Qutub Minar
  • The Gateway Of India
  • Charminar
  • Victoria Memorial
  • Hawa Mahal
  • Amber Fort
  • Mysore Palace

1. Taj Mahal

Taj Mahal

Taj Mahal is perceived as one of the most famous monuments in India due to its white marble mausoleum that is integrated with complex structure. It was established in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, located near the Yamuna River banks, and the root can be accessible. Before praising the sheer beauty, let's explore the story behind its creation. The Mughal dynasty created numerous marble tombs, but the Taj Mahal is the epitome of sheer beauty. It was developed by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan (1592 – 1666) in memory of his loving spouse Mumtaz Mahal (1593-1631)- that's why the Taj Mahal consists of tombs.

It is more than a mausoleum because well-known poet Shri Rabindranath Tagore described it as a "teardrop on the cheek of eternity." The expression to pay homage to architectural genius! The Taj Mahal includes fountains, exceptional gardens, and the splendid grand ornamental Gateway on which quartic inscriptions are inscribed in calligraphic text font.

To reach the Taj Mahal, one can book flights or travel by train and roadways at their convenience because it is just 200 km from Delhi. In addition, the best time to travel, explore, and enjoy the scenic beauty of the Taj Mahal is from October to February in autumn, winter, or spring.

Also Read - Historical Monuments Of Delhi

2. Lotus Temple

Lotus Temple

Lotus Temple comes under the list of top 7 famous monuments of India because of its half-opened lotus flower structure. Due to this marvelously shaped design, tourists are attracted to it, and it is identified as the mother temple of India. Every year, thousands of travelers and devotees gather from across the globe to glimpse the lotus temple, seek blessings from the divine, and enjoy the phenomenal atmosphere and tranquility. There is space for meditation, and its architecture combines conventional and contemporary engineering. The mastermind behind the creation and conceptualization of the design was Fariborz Sahba. Creating the plan and execution took approximately ten years, but it is worth it now.

It is really simple to reach the Lotus temple because a metro can cover its destination. You have to get onboard the Nehru Place- Kalkaji Mandir metro, and within 5 minutes' walking distance, you will reach your ideal destination.The Lotus temple was inaugurated in 1986, opening and closing times are from 9:00 am to 7:00 pm in summer. In the case of winter, closing time turns to 5:30 pm.

Also Read - 12 Historic Monuments In The World

3. Qutub Minar

Qutub Minar

Qutub Minar, the 14.32 meters top, is a symbolic replication of the Minaret of Jam in Afghanistan and its complex designs. This eminent monument was established in 1192 by Qutab-ud-din Aibak, and in the current scenario, it's a precious part of the World Heritage Site Community. The monument is surrounded by a verdant green manicured garden, which is considered the perfect destination for photographers to capture the iconic beauty of the place. The well-renowned Qutub Festival is organized in November and December, where tourists and locals gather to cherish painting and cultural and musical events. Qutub Minar, the five-storied, is India's most decisive tourist destination due to its finest and rich style. Furthermore, it is still in great shape.

If you plan to watch and enjoy the abundant beauty of these Indian monuments, make sure to visit between 6:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m. The monument is situated near Qutub Minar station, and the entry fee for Indian citizens is 10 Rs, and for foreigners, it's 250 Rs.

4. The Gateway of India

The Gateway of India

The Gateway of India is perceived as an architectural marvel and one of India's historical monuments. Its exceptionally well-engraved designs and well-formulated pillars resonate with colonial rule during that era.

Before praising its unparalleled and unbeatable beauty, let's rotate the time wheel backward to unfold its past. The Gateway of India was constructed in 1929 to commemorate the arrival of Queen Mary and King George V. Its creation and implementation only took 13 years. After its establishment, it was inaugurated by the Viceroy of India. After the departure of Britishers on 28 February 1948, it became the symbolic milestone of development and transition in the nation.

The Gateway's architecture is a hybrid of Indo-Saracenic and is built with yellow basalt stones. It stands on the Arabian Sea shores, greeting tourists and treating their eyes with seamless beauty. The Gateway of India further includes a boating facility to excite and boggle tourists' minds.

5. Charminar

Charminar

Charminar is one of India's national monuments and holds the record for the seven wonders of Hyderabad because its unmatchable charm is the city's only claim to fame. The epitome of sheer artistic brilliance is Pathergatti Road, Charminar, Hyderabad, Telangana.

The Charminar was erected by Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah in 1591 during his reign to inhibit the plague from entering the city. Its name is based on the four minarets on its four sides.

Its architecture blends art, religious themes, and the illustrious past that screams and repeats its glory as a historical city. This epic piece is developed from limestone, mortar, and powdered marble. In return, it fortified its structure and illustrated it as the expression of aesthetics, elegance, and romance.

Charminar's visiting hours are 9:00 a.m. to 5:30 p.m., and the nearest metro station is Hyderabad Deccan Railway Station.

6. Victoria Memorial

Victoria Memorial

Victoria Memorial is a lavishly spread over 64 acres of uniquely amalgamated monuments in India. It is a hub of memorial sketches, paintings, statues, and books that offer arms by providing extensive insights into the life-changing era of Indian history.

This monument was established between 1906 and 1921 to pay homage to Queen Victoria. The idea of its development was suggested by Lord Curzon in January 1901 and proceeded by his son. The Victoria Memorial is perfectly sculpted with white Makrana marble in the Indo-Saracenic revivalist structure design, which showcases the blend of Mughal, Egyptian, British, and Islamic architecture. It encompasses a royal gallery with treasured artifacts, mind-boggling paintings, and blooming gardens. This is heaven on earth - between 5:30 am and 7 pm. It is closed on Mondays, and the address is Queens Way, Kolkata, West Bengal.

7. Hawa Mahal