With its capital in Ranchi (Ruhr of India), Jharkhand occupies the space from the eastern region of India. Bestowed with rich mineral wealth and vast forest resources, Jharkhand boasts numerous major industrial plants that are helping in developing the state. The virgin beauty of this untouched land has been a great tourist attraction. The best time to embark on a journey to Jharkhand is from October to March when the temperature is perfect. During these months, you can enjoy the sightseeing of Jharkhand landscapes in the best possible way due to pleasant climatic conditions. It will not be wrong to say that nature has blessed this state with ample wonders including the forests, minerals as well as the wildlife.

History of Jharkhand  

The existence of humans can be found since the stone age in the present Jharkhand region. Even the archaeologists have discovered some copper tools from the Chalcolithic period in this land of ancient history. Before the Magadha empire captured the area, signs of geopolitical and cultural entities have been found from that period as well. Then, came the major reign of Mauryas and Mughals that stayed prevalent during the 17th century. Among Mughals, the emperors named the Jahangir and Aurangzeb ruled this region. After the decline of Mughals, Chero caste rulers and various other kings ruled the area. 

Afterward, The East India Company acquired the state in the final years of the 18th century and it got succession with British Raj in the 19th century. The region got coverage in 9 princely states. The entire land came under Bengal Presidency till 1905 under British Raj. But, then the transfer happened to shift towards Central Provinces and Orissa Tributary states. In the year of 1936, the whole region was handed over to the Eastern States Agency. When we got independence in 1947, division of the region took place into three states: Orissa, Bihar, and Madhya Pradesh. Finally, BJP led a campaign and demanded a whole new state Jharkhand and their demand got passage under the Bihar Reorganisation Act. With its location in the eastern part of India, Jharkhand unveils to be one of the new states of the country.

Culture of  Jharkhand  

In the tribe dominated state like Jharkhand, you can witness nature's blessings in the sphere of their lives as well as culture. People of the state usually bring sacred tree branches to their homes and plant them in their courtyards as a ritual. The devotees worship several tree parts that they consider are in association with Gods or Goddesses. Examples of these ceremonies are Karma Puja, Sarhal, Jitia Puja, etc. If you go on Tours to India Jharkhand then you must not miss the festival called Bhadli Mela, Kundri Melaand Tusu fair that is celebrated during Makar Sankranti. 

In this folk harvest festival which is based on a story of a sweet little tribal girl, locals decorate folk deity with vibrant colors and carry them along. All-in-all, Jharkhand state gives shelter to a plethora of different linguistic people and keep them together in some ways. The vibrancy of local folks can be witnessed in the Disco Dandiya festival during Navratri when entire state grooves on the beats of disco. Abode to many tribes, locals of Jharkhand are fluent in different languages according to varying areas like Khortha, Kurmali, Magadhi, Bhojpuri, and Nagpuri, yet Hindi gets the first preference.

Tribes of Jharkhand

Typically, the state got carved out of Bihar in the year 2000. While unwrapping the history of Jharkhand, one must know that Indian Independence was not of much use to the southern residents of Bihar, who used to be tribal people. Usually, we denote them with the name Adivasis or Scheduled Tribes people. Due to relatively very low socioeconomic benefits, tribal people of southern Bihar showed discontent. 

It was the time when the call for Independence began from the end of tribal people. In the 1980s, these tribal people became adamant to gain independence from Bihar and they became extremists for their demand. In the 1990's, when the separation movement spread like a fire in the nontribal groups, it triggered the momentum to create a new state too. Finally, The tribes helped in making Jharkhand a new and completely independent state of India in 2000.

Food of Jharkhand  

Though Jharkhand people love simplicity in their food, yet there exists a huge array of preparation methods with the use of natural ingredients smartly. While keeping their food light and healthy, people of Jharkhand tourist destination in India enjoy rice, roti, tarkari, sweets, and dal among their staple meals.


With a plethora of traditional and vibrant versions of these dishes, they end up making an appetizing cuisine. Jharkhand is famous for some specific cuisines which include Mitha Khaja, Thekua, Bamboo shots, Litti, Dhuska, Handia, and Arsa Roti. The best thing about the chefs of Jharkhand is that they take the utmost care of both the vegetarian as well as non-vegetarian choices along with keeping the subtle traces of Mughal influence alive. 

Art and HandiCrafts of Jharkhand  

Due to the richness of forest and wood, the population of Jharkhand has a great passion for bamboo crafting, Pitkar paintings, stone carvings, woodcrafts, and tribal ornaments making. Apart from that, people also do toy-making here in the shape of birds as well as animals in gorgeous forms. The people of different tribes and their craftsmen portray their richness of culture and art traditions through their handicrafts. Especially the ornaments are quite popular across the whole country because the exquisite pieces are crafted with metals and beads that reflect the elegance of their state pretty well.

Things to do in Jharkhand  

Counting to the Tourist Attractions in Jharkhand, there are plenty of places that you can witness on your trip to Jharkhand. Scroll down to get the list of things that you can do in Jharkhand.

  • Enjoy a picnic at Hundru Falls of Ranchi
  • Cherish the beauty of 10 falls together at Dassam Falls
  • Get delved into the beauty of hanging valley Jonha Falls
  • Witness the five rivers diversion at Panch Gagh Falls
  • Meet the wildlife at Birsa Zoological Park

  • Look for peace at the heart of Ranchi town, the Ranchi Lake
  • Reach the foot of Gonda hills and enjoy sightseeing Kanke Dam
  • Worship and get blessed at the Jagannath Temple, Puri which is not too far from Jharkhand.
  • Become a part of Hindu devotees at Pahari Mandir of Lord Shankara
  • Endorse the creativeness of Gonda hills' rocks at Rock Garden

With all this travel knowledge about Jharkhand state, you can now embark on the journey to endorse happiness and collect ample of memories out there. If you are kind of a person who loves to witness the beauty of natural water bodies and wildlife, then it is a must to visit place for you whether a friend is accompanying you or your family.

Frequently Asked Questions Regarding Jharkhand

Q. What is the culture of Jharkhand like?
The culture of Jharkhand is diverse, vibrant, and deeply rooted in its tribal heritage. Here are some key aspects of the culture of Jharkhand:

  • Tribal Influence: Jharkhand is home to numerous indigenous tribal communities, including Santhal, Munda, Oraon, Ho, and others. These tribes have a rich cultural heritage, with distinct traditions, languages, music, dance forms, and rituals that are integral to the state's identity.
  • Festivals and Celebrations: Jharkhand celebrates a variety of festivals throughout the year, with each tribal community having its own set of unique festivals and rituals. Some of the major festivals celebrated in Jharkhand include Sarhul, Karma, Sohrai, Tusu Parab, and Hal Punhya.
  • Art and Craft: The tribal communities of Jharkhand are known for their exquisite art and craft traditions. This includes intricate handcrafted items such as dhokra metalwork, bamboo and wood crafts, tribal paintings, pottery, and traditional textiles like Paitkar and Sohrai paintings.
  • Music and Dance: Music and dance play a significant role in the cultural life of Jharkhand. Tribal communities have their own traditional music and dance forms, often performed during festivals, weddings, and other special occasions. Some popular dance forms include Chhau, Jhumair, Domkach, and Paika.
  • Cuisine: The cuisine of Jharkhand is largely influenced by its tribal communities and features a variety of traditional dishes made from locally available ingredients. Rice, lentils, vegetables, and meat are staple foods, and dishes like litti-chokha, dhuska, pittha, and handia are popular among the locals.
  • Language and Literature: The predominant languages spoken in Jharkhand are Hindi, Santali, Ho, and Mundari. The state has a rich oral tradition of storytelling, folklore, and folk songs, which are passed down through generations and contribute to its cultural heritage.

Q. What are some key aspects of Jharkhand's culture?
A. Some key aspects of Jharkhand's culture include:

  • Tribal Heritage: Jharkhand is home to several indigenous tribal communities, each with its own distinct culture, traditions, and customs. These tribes, such as the Santhal, Munda, Oraon, Ho, and others, have a rich heritage that shapes the cultural identity of the state.
  • Festivals: Jharkhand celebrates a wide range of festivals throughout the year, many of which are based on agricultural cycles and religious beliefs. These festivals, such as Sarhul, Karma, Sohrai, Tusu Parab, and Hal Punhya, are marked by vibrant rituals, music, dance, and feasting.
  • Art and Craft: The tribal communities of Jharkhand are known for their intricate art and craft traditions. This includes traditional forms of metalwork (dhokra), bamboo and wood crafts, tribal paintings, pottery, and handwoven textiles.
  • Music and Dance: Music and dance are integral parts of Jharkhand's cultural landscape. Tribal communities have their own unique dance forms, such as Chhau, Jhumair, Domkach, and Paika, which are performed during festivals and special occasions.
  • Cuisine: Jharkhandi cuisine is influenced by its tribal heritage and local ingredients. Staple foods include rice, lentils, vegetables, and meats, with dishes like litti-chokha, dhuska, pittha, and handia being popular among the locals.
  • Language and Literature: The predominant languages spoken in Jharkhand are Hindi, Santali, Ho, and Mundari. The state has a rich oral tradition of storytelling, folklore, and folk songs, which are passed down through generations and contribute to its cultural richness.

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