The capital city of Jharkhand, Ranchi is a major industrial center of the state that is rich in natural wealth and minerals. Infact, its contribution to mineral reserves of the entire country is about 40%. It is reckoned as the city of waterfalls and is also famous for its virgin landscape and simpleton lifestyle. Boasting a striking topography which includes enchanting waterfalls, emerald hills, rocky terrains and gorgeous valleys, Ranchi has a lot to offer when it comes to nature’s hidden wonders. Emerging as a paradise for nature lovers, it is indeed a perfect place where travelers can bask in the glory of nature. There are opportunities like trekking, nature trails, cultural trips, tribal tours, photo walks etc. that make it one of the must visit tourist places in India. 

Best Time to Visit Ranchi

You can consider visiting Ranchi during the winter season as the weather is extremely calming and comfortable. Also, you can indulge in sightseeing and adventure activities all through the day as this time of the year in Ranchi is fun for travelers. 

History of Ranchi

Having been the center of many powerful kingdoms right from ancient times, the history of Ranchi is replete with many heralding events. From Magadh rule to post independence, here’s a detailed view of its rich and intriguing history that can be described in phases mentioned below:

Magadh Empire

In the ancient era, southern Bihar was known as Magadh and was part of major Janpadas (major kingdoms) of India. Ranchi was also an integral part of the Magadha Empire. Magadh was a significant place for the emergence of Buddhism and Jainism in India as well. 

Mauryan Empire

The Mauryan Empire was founded by Chandragupta Maurya during the Iron Age. Around 322 and 185 BCE, the Mauryan Empire was one of the dominant empires that ruled the Indian subcontinent. Another great ruler from this era was Ashoka The Great who was the grandson of Chandragupta Maurya. 

Gupta Empire 

The Gupta Empire got its expansion across northern, central and parts of southern India between 320 and 550 CE. It was the era where art, literature, science, and philosophy flourished to the fullest in the region including Ranchi. Chandragupta I, was the one who expanded himself as the first sovereign ruler of the empire. It was also the time of fall of the Mauryan Empire that ruled here for around 500 years. 

Nagvanshi Dynasty

After the decline of the Gupta Empire, King Phanimukut formed his Nagvanshi Dynasty here and took over the charge of Chota Nagpur Plateau for centuries. 

Medieval Period

Akbar was the first ruler of the Mughal Era in the region. In 1585, after the huge victory from the Raja of Kokrah Madhu Singh, he took charge of the region. Also, the Nagvanshi Dynasty was taken over by him. Later, Jahangir, son of Akbar, took the charge of administration in the region. 

British Raj

After winning the Battle of Plassey in 1757, East India Company or British Raj took charge for the administration of the Indian Subcontinent. They ruled India till 1947 when it finally got its independence. People of Ranchi also played an important role in getting independence as they participated in non-Cooperation movement & various events that led to freedom.

Post Independence

After independence Ranchi became a part of Bihar. It was on 15 November 2000 when Jharkhand became an independent state with Ranchi as its capital. 

Major Attractions In And Around Ranchi

Bestowed with natural wonders of India, there are many beautiful places in Ranchi that are worth visiting. Here’s the list!  

1. Sun Temple

Sun Temple is an architectural marvel in Ranchi that is totally worth visiting. The temple has unique architecture as it is designed in the form of a giant chariot that is pulled by seven horses and has 18 exquisitely carved wheels. There is also a pond in the temple that holds immense significance for Hindu community.

2. Birsa Zoological Park

Also known as the Birsa Jaivik Udyan, this zoological park is located on the Ranchi-Patna National Highway. Offering a great variety of exotic flora and fauna, this park is indeed a paradise for wildlife enthusiasts.

3. Topchanchi Lake

The Topchanchi lake is a main source that supplies water to Dhanbad along with its suburbs. However, the scenic beauty of this place renders it a loyal base as there are frequent visitors to this lake. A wonderful spot for picnic, this lake is indeed one of the best places to visit in Ranchi.

4. Jonha Falls

For people who are nature enthusiasts, visiting Jonha Falls would be a good option. Apart from catching a view of a cascading waterfall from great height, people also get a chance to discover hanging valleys which are incredibly unique. 

5. Tagore Hill

The idyllic place for nature lovers, Tagore Hill is another great option to consider on your trip to Ranchi. Named after the Nobel laureate, Rabindranath Tagore, this hill is where he spent a considerable amount of time whilst his literary work. The expansive emerald landscape here captivates the senses.

6. Firayalal Chowk

There is no doubt about the fact that Ranchi is famous for its ethnic handicrafts along with the metalwork. All of this is very well exhibited at Firayalal Chowk which is again quite a popular shopping destination for tribal souvenirs. Don’t miss to buy Patkar art as it showcases an amazing craftsmanship as well as rich heritage of the place.

How To Reach Ranchi

Known for its greenery and glistening rivers, Ranchi is a wonderful place to visit. The capital city of Jharkhand is well connected to all neighbouring as well as major cities through different means of transportation. Here is how you can reach Ranchi without much hassle. 

  • Nearest Metropolitan City. Kolkata
  • Nearest Airbase. Birsa Munda Airport at Hinoo
  • Nearest Railhead.  Ranchi Railway Station
  • Distance from Kolkata. 403 km

By Air

Birsa Munda Airport at Hinoo is specifically located around 7 km from the city centre and is fairly well connected with other Indian cities. Once you deboard the flight, you will need to take a cab or some other means of transportation to reach your destination.

  • Distance from Birsa Munda Airport. 7 km

Here is a list of Indian cities from where flights are available to Ranchi

By Rail

 The nearest railway station to Ranchi is Ranchi Railway Station which is also known as Argora Railway Station. You can also consider Hatia Railway Station. Both the stations are well connected with other neighbouring regions of India. After deboarding at one of these stations, you can take a cab or a bus to reach your destination.

  • Distance from Hatia Railway Station. 6.6 km via Doranda Main Rd

By Road

The city of Ranchi is very well-connected with several other cities by state road transport corporation buses. Apart from buses, and as per your convenience, you can also choose to travel via cab or your own vehicle.

  • Distance from Masibari. 5 km
  • Distance from Maharatoli. 6 km
  • Distance from Birsa Nagar. 7 km
  • Distance from Rampur. 16 km
  • Distance from Baghmundi. 112 km
  • Distance from Jamshedpur. 128 km
  • Distance from Dhanbad. 173 km
  • Distance from Gaya. 204 km
  • Distance from Delhi. 1,259 km
  • Distance from Mumbai. 1,715 km
  • Distance from Bengaluru. 1,959 km

Frequently Asked Questions Related to Ranchi

Q. Why is Ranchi famous?
Other than its enchanting waterfalls, Ranchi is also famous for its breathtaking landscape and cultural diversity. 

Q. What is the old name of Ranchi?
The old name of Ranchi was Kishunpur. 

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