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The city of Ranchi is a beautiful place. It is mainly so due to the presence of stunning waterfalls, verdant forests and graceful rivers cascading through the city. Perhaps it is also the reason why, back in history, Ranchi was also known as the summer capital of Bihar. 

Today, it is the capital of the mineral-rich state of India - Jharkhand, the only state that delivers 40% of the total mineral reserves of the entire country. Ranchi Hill, Kanke Dam, Tagore Hill and Hundru Falls, Hatia Museum, etc. are some of the must-visit places in Ranchi. 

The best time to visit Ranchi would be the winter season as during this time the temperature is quite comfortable and you would be able to do a great number of activities without any kind of hindrance such as travelling, exploring, and sightseeing.

History of Ranchi

Magadh Empire

In the ancient era, the southern Bihar was known as Magadh and was part of major Janpadas (major kingdoms) of India. Magadh was a significant place for the emergence of Buddhism and Jainism in India as well. Ranchi was also one of the integral parts of the Magadha Empire. 

Mauryan Empire

The Mauryan Empire was founded by Chandragupta Maurya during the Iron Age. Around 322 and 185 BCE, the Mauryan Empire was one of the dominant empires that ruled the Indian subcontinent. Another great ruler from this era was Ashoka The Great who was the grandson of Chandragupta Maurya. 

Gupta Empire. The Gupta Empire got its expansion across northern, central, and parts of southern India between 320 and 550 CE. It was the era where art, literature, science, and philosophy flourished to the fullest. Chandragupta I, was the one who expanded himself as the first sovereign ruler of the empire. It was also the time of fall of the Mauryan Empire which ruled for around 500 years. 

Nagvanshi Dynasty

 After the decline of the Gupta Empire, King Phanimukut formed his Nagvanshi Dynasty and took over the Chota Nagpur Plateau for centuries. 

Medieval Period

Akbar The Great was the first ruler of the Mughal Era in the region. In 1585, after the huge victory from the Raja of Kokrah Madhu Singh, he took charge of the region. Also, the Nagvanshi Dynasty was captivated by him. Later, Jahangir, son of Akbar, took the charge of administration in the region. 

British Raj

After winning the Battle of Plassey in 1757, East India Company or British Raj took charge for the administration of Indian Subcontinent and ruled till India got its independence in the year 1947.

Major Attractions in and Around Ranchi

1. Sun Temple

It is one of the most captivating places to visit in Ranchi. Witnessing the mind-blowing architecture in the shape of a giant vehicle, which has around 18 wheels driven by seven horses will be an unforgettable experience in your life. This temple has got a holy pond which is highly revered among the Hindu community.

2. Birsa Zoological Park

This one is also known as the Birsa Jaivik Udyan having a great variety of wild animals such as lions, tigers, and whatnot. This park is located on the Ranchi-Patna National Highway near Ormanjhi and is a must-visit for wildlife lovers.  

3. Topchanchi Lake

The Topchanchi lake was built to supply water to Dhanbad along with its suburbs. However, the scenic beauty of this place is amazing to such an extent that over the years it has been able to successfully build a loyal tourist base, who come here annually with their family and friends to enjoy and have fun.

4. Jonha Falls

For people who are nature enthusiasts, visiting Jonha Falls would be a good option to explore Ranchi and discover some of the most amazing nuances about it. Jonha Falls is quite a good example of hanging valleys. Hundreds of people can be seen visiting this place.

5. Tagore Hill

For people who love to spend their time in nature, Tagore Hill is another great option to consider for travelling. Here you will be able to catch a breath of greenery. Moreover, what is great about this destination is the fact that Rabindranath Tagore also spent a considerable amount of his literary work time at this place. 

6. Patkar Paintings

There is no doubt about the fact that Ranchi is famous for its ethnic handicrafts along with the metalwork. All of this is very well exhibited at Firayalal which is again quite a popular shopping destination for tribal souvenirs. Patkar art showcases an amazing history as well as the heritage of the place.

How to Reach Ranchi

Ranchi is known for its greenery and glistening rivers. A trip to Ranchi can truly be a memorable experience for anyone. It is located at a distance of 1,259, 1,715, 403, 1,959 km from Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Bengaluru respectively. Here is how you can reach here by the following means of transportation.

By Air

The Ranchi airport aka Birsa Munda Airport at Hinoo is specifically located around 7 km from the city centre and is fairly well connected with other Indian cities. Once you deboard the flight, you will need to take a cab or some other means of transportation to reach your destination.

By Rail

 The nearest railway stations are Ranchi Railway Station, Argora Railway Station, and Hatia Railway Station. They are well-routed with other neighbouring regions of India. According to your convenience, you can choose to deboard at one of these stations and from there, take a cab or a bus to reach your destination.

By Road

The city of Ranchi is very well-connected with several other cities by state road transport corporation buses. Apart from buses, and as per your convenience, you can also choose to travel via cab or your own vehicle.

You can plan your trip and create your own route to the city with Adotrip’s technically driven circuit planner. Click here


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