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Ranchi is the capital city of Jharkhand and the biggest as well. It plays a prominent role in many happenings in and around the state. The Jharkhand movement which led to the formation of the state of Chhattisgarh also made Ranchi it's centre. It is located in the southern part of Chota Nagpur Plateau. The city has some dense tropical forests which help in maintaining a moderate climate in the city throughout the year. The lifestyle and culture of Ranchi are quite impressive, whereas the urban development in the city makes it one of the significant cities of the state. Every year tourists from all parts of the country arrive here to witness the local culture and the top tourist destinations in the city. 

History of Ranchi

Magadh Empire

In the ancient era, the southern Bihar was known as Magadh and was part of major Janpadas of India. Magadh was a significant place for the emergence of Buddhism and Jainism in India. Ranchi was also one of the integral parts of the Magadha Empire. 

Mauryan Empire

Mauryan Empire was founded by Chandragupta Maurya during the Iron Age. Around 322 and 185 BCE, the Mauryan Empire was one of the dominant empires that ruled the Indian subcontinent. Another great ruler from this era was Ashoka The Great who was also the grandson of Chandragupta Maurya. 

Gupta Empire

Gupta Empire got its expansion across northern, central, and parts of southern India between 320 and 550 CE. It was the era where art, literature, science, and philosophy flourished to the fullest. Chandragupta I, was the one who expanded himself as the first sovereign ruler of the empire. It was also the time of fall of the Mauryan Empire which ruled for around 500 years. 

Nagvanshi Dynasty

After the decline of the Gupta Empire, King Phanimukut formed his Nagvanshi Dynasty and took over the Chota Nagpur Plateau for centuries. 

Also Read: Bordered by two of the world's largest mountain ranges, the Great Himalaya and the Karakoram, this city also accomodates Nubra valley, Zanskar Valley, and Spituk Monastery

Medieval Period

Akbar The Great was the first ruler of the Mughal Era in the region. In 1585, After the huge victory from the Raja of Kokrah Madhu Singh, he took the charge of the region. Also, Nagvanshi Dynasty was captivated by him. Later, Jahangir, son of Akbar, took the charge of administration in the region. 

British Raj

After winning the Battle of Plassey in 1757, East India Company or British Raj took the charge for the administration of Indian Subcontinent and ruled till India got its independence in the year 1947.

Places to Visit in Ranchi

Sun Temple. The Sun temple is one of the most captivating places to visit in Ranchi offering mind-blowing architecture in the shape of a giant vehicle which has around 18 wheels driven by seven horses. This temple has got a holy pond which is quite highly revered among the Hindu community.

Birsa Zoological Park. The Birsa Zoological Park is also known as the Birsa Jaivik Udyan having a great variety of wild animals such as lions, tigers, and whatnot. This park is located on the Ranchi-Patna National Highway near the Ormanjhi and is quite a must-visit specifically if you are a wildlife lover.  

Topchanchi Lake. The Topchanchi lake was built to specifically supply water to Dhanbad along with its suburbs. However, the scenic beauty of this place is amazing to such an extent that over the years it has been able to successfully build a loyal tourist base who comes here every year with their family and friends to enjoy and have fun.

Things to do in Ranchi

Visit Jonha Falls. For people who are nature enthusiasts visiting Jonha Falls would be a good option to explore Ranchi and discover some of the most amazing nuances about it. The Jonha Falls is quite a good example of hanging valleys falls. Hundreds of people can be seen visiting this place.

Tagore Hill. For people who love to spend their time in nature, Tagore Hill is another great option to consider for traveling. Here you will be able to catch a breath of greenery. Moreover, what is great about this destination is the fact that Rabindranath Tagore was also believed to have spent a considerable amount of his literary work time at this place. 

Discover Patkar Paintings. There is no doubt about the fact that Ranchi is quite famous for its ethnic handicrafts along with the metalwork. All of this is very well exhibited at Firayalal which is again quite a popular shopping destination for tribal souvenirs. Patkar art is specifically believed to be showcasing an amazing history as well as the heritage of the place.

Events and Festivals in & Around Ranchi

Sarhul. Sarhul is particularly celebrated when the saal trees blossom. During this day, the worship of the deities also takes place. The boys can be seen beating drums in the streets carrying a Pahan on their shoulders and the girls also dance ahead of the boys taking the boy to his house, where his wife would be awaiting him. 

Chhath Pooja. It is quite an ancient festival that is specifically dedicated to worshipping the Sun God, Surya. The other name for this festival is Surya Sashti. The Chhath Puja is particularly performed in the hour of the sun and deities for the purpose of granting them with wishes. Moreover, the Sun in Hindu mythology is the true source of the ultimate energy thus this festival is celebrated with great zeal and enthusiasm.

Bandna. Now, this is a festival which is quite famous among other festivals as well. The celebrations take place during the Karthik Amavasya for the animals with great enthusiasm. Furthermore, the tribal population in this area is very close to their animals, the reason being that they believe that the animals are considered to be an important part of human survival.

Best Time to Visit Ranchi

The best time to visit Ranchi would be the winter season as during this time the temperatures are quite comfortable and you would be able to do a great number of activities without any kind of hindrance such as traveling, exploring, sightseeing, etc.

How to Reach Ranchi

By Air. The Ranchi airport aka Birsa Munda Airport at Hinoo is specifically located around 7 km from the city centre and is very well-connected to major cities like Patna, Bhubaneshwar, Kolkata, Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Bangalore and many more. The airport is served by renowned airline service companies such as AirAsia India, Air India, Alliance Air, Vistara, and Indigo 

By Rail. The nearest railway stations are Ranchi Railway Station, Argora Railway Station, and Hatia Railway Station. They are well-routed with other neighbouring regions of India. There are several direct trains from Delhi to Ranchi. Jharkhand Express is one of the most popular ones that depart from Anand Vihar Railway Station. 

By Road. The city of Ranchi is very well-connected with several other cities by state road transport corporation buses. So, if you are planning to visit Ranchi by road then it would be quite easy for you to travel across.

You can plan your trip and create your own route to the city with Adotrip’s technically driven circuit planner. Click here


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