Chhattisgarh

27 / Clouds

Previously known as Dakshin-Kaushal, the state of Chhattisgarh in India is carved out of Madhya Pradesh. Being the ninth-largest state in the country, it caters to some of the finest natural reservoirs for coal mines, iron ores, and acts as a gold reserve for the mining industry of India. Chhattisgarh Tourism plays a dominant role in celebrating the culture and artwork of the state. Chhattisgarh holds ancient monuments, rare species of wildlife, primordial temples, waterfalls, caves, rock paintings, and hills. You will be able to witness the unseen choir of mother nature here. The capital city of the east-central state is Raipur where most of the urban population lives.

History of Chhattisgarh

Chhattisgarh finds its ruins in the pages of Mahabharata and Ramayana. Late in the 11th AD, Rajendra Chola conquered the Bastar region marking the Chola Dynasty. The capital of Chhattisgarh was under Haihaya King for a long time. During the 4th AD, Raipur was bestowed upon King Samudragupta until 6th AD. The city is rich in culture and history. Due to its strategic geographical position and prowess in architecture, this state of India has made its place in many history books.

The history of Chhattisgarh holds a significant past that has always been an attraction for history buffs. Situated in the heart of India, this state is endowed with cultural heritage and natural diversity that are worth exploring. Chhattisgarh is dotted with many ancient monuments, temples, Buddhist sites, palaces, caves, rock paintings, and hill plateaus that bask in the glory of rich Indian heritage.

Culture of Chhattisgarh

Chhattisgarh is adorned with myriad tribes that add charm to the diversity of the state. The land of Chhattisgarh is famous for preserving tribal culture, however, eastern parts of the state stay influenced by Oriya culture. The population of the tribe strictly adhere to traditional norms of living. This is depicted in their lifestyle, dance, music, culture, ornaments, costumes, and food habits. Moreover, Chhattisgarh hosts cultural festivals like Sirpur Mahotsav, Rajim Lochan Mahotsav, Chakradhar Samaroh, and more that makes it a famous travel destination in India. Hindi being a common language, the tribes here speak in tribal dialects like Halbi, Bhunjia, Gondi, etc. The famous culture of tribal art emerges from their ancestors who manifested their lifestyle in the creation of various artifacts for the next generation. The lost wax art of Chhattisgarh has ancient roots that emerged from the Mohenjo-Daro era. These crafts are widely recognized not only in India but in countries abroad. This beautiful state in India is beyond the description.

Tribals have laboriously colonized Chhattisgarh. Nevertheless, bountiful culture is a noteworthy part of Indian history. The religious beliefs reflect a lot about the archaic era. The renowned temple of Maa Bamleshwari situated1600 feet on the hilltop in Dongargarh town is visited by over one lakh people each year during Dussehra and Chaitra (Ramnavami). These festivals and temples act as a significant part of the religious beliefs and cultural nuances of the local folks of Chhattisgarh. Traditional folk songs like Sohar and Pathoni are the first-hand experience in various parts of the city. Ornaments and dresses of tribes are no exaggeration to their traditional modernity of clothing. Bandha, Phuli, Patta, Choora, and other charming jewellery are precious decorations for tribal women. Men, on the other hand, wear Koundhi and Kadhah for special occasions. 

Food of Chhattisgarh

Food of Chhattisgarh includes delicacies like Rakhia Badi, Jalebi, Petha, and more that are drool-inducing. You can taste non-tribal and tribal foods of the state that are made with rice, maize, bajra, etc which precisely are considered to be the staples. Aamat is a Sambar like dish that is a regional specialty of the Bastar region. If you enjoy momos, then Chhattisgarhi version, Faraa that is made with rice flour to keep nutrition in mind will definitely satiate your taste buds. For sweet tooth cravings, Khurma of Chhattisgarh can do justice, it is a version of kheer made with milk and vermicelli.

Kadi is an integral part of Indian gastronomy, Chhattisgarhi variant, Dubki Kadi is a treat for kadi lovers. Kadi is also made with Arbi and Bhindi here, these indeed are unique versions of kadi and definitely worth-a-try. Healthy version of pakoras for all those who love tea-time snacks, Bafuari is a decent alternative for people who count calories, try these that incredibly crunchy and delicious Bafuaris. The regional specialty, Bada is always served during the festivals, marriage ceremonies, and village fairs of the state as a ritual. Bhajia, Muthia, Sabudana ki Khichdi, Chila, Hatphodva, Til ghur are famous snacks of the state that are extremely delectable and must-try.  

Art and Craft of Chhattisgarh

Art and Craft of Chhattisgarh are evocative, lucid, and true to life. The art is inspired by the tribal culture of the state. It is sketched in the modern era delineating the ancient era. The craft is thoroughly preserved and developed as handicrafts as these were increasingly vanishing. The urban progress of the craftsman who earns their living through artworks is forced to work in cities to earn their living from labor work. Chhattisgarh being a tribal area is galvanized under the traditional means of working, nevertheless, it gets even more essential to protect their deep association with the heritage of marvelous art. Raipur occupants produce some labyrinth art pieces that are rarely found outside Chhattisgarh. Traditional craftsmen execute mastery in creating diversified handicrafts viz Bamboo craft, Clay sculptures, Godna printing, Cowrie craft, Kosaand Sisal, stone carving, terracotta, wood, tribal painting, wrought iron, and more.

The artwork symbolizes stories of their ancestors, struggles in daily life, and life in the wild. The folklore and mythology narrate their legacy. Craft and varied paintings made with finesse and precision help to keep their handicraft tradition alive from one generation to another. You can find wide-ranging craft pieces across the districts of Chhattisgarh. Every place has its own set of skilled artisans like Bastar is famous for Dhokra metal casting, iron craft, weaving, terracotta, and pottery; Bilaspur is known for bronze ware and handloom; Raigarh and Sarguja are known for the bamboo baskets, brass vessels, handloom, clay pieces, Dhokra metal castings. The metal casting is a 4,000-year-old practice that is being followed from much before the partition. It is an aged practice that is famous by the name lost-wax casting. Art and Handicrafts of Chhattisgarh is a depiction of the vibrant tribal culture of the state.

Things to do in Chhattisgarh 

Chhattisgarh Tourism promotes numerous opportunities for tourists to explore the history, food, art, and culture. The state is endowed with many wonders that can amaze you.

  • Chhattisgarh possesses 8 wildlife sanctuaries, 2 national parks, 1 biosphere reserve, and 3 tiger reserves hence, giving an opportunity to explore wildlife in India
  • Kanger Valley National Park extends up to 34 km is a biosphere reserve found with many tourist attractions such as Kutumsar Caves, Dandak Caves, and Tirathgarh Waterfalls. This is definitely the best tourist place in Chhattisgarh. 
  • Chhattisgarh brings you the Niagara Falls here in India. Chitrakoot waterfall is the Niagara Falls of India. It got the sobriquet from the gushing water droplets that touch your face when you get there. It is a wonderful experience.

  • 12 waterfalls found across the state of Chhattisgarh viz Chitrakote waterfall, Tirathgarh waterfall, Mendri Ghoomar waterfall, Amridhara waterfall, Chhuri waterfall, Rajpuri waterfall, Rani dah, Tiger point waterfall, Rakasganda waterfall, Kendai waterfall, Devdhara waterfall, and Kailash Gufa waterfall gives you ample of opportunity to bathe below the gushing water that helps to purify the senses. 
  • Chhattisgarh Tourism promotes ecotourism and adventure sport in the state. Districts of Saroda, Raipur, Sirpur, Gangrel, Chitrakote, and more.  
  • Bungee jumping, canoeing, trekking in the densely populated forest, parasailing, rock climbing, rafting, and many more opportunities for adventure sports in India.

Chhattisgarh is blessed with everything that a tourist needs for a long vacation or an excursion. The state possesses some of the most endangered and rare species because of its vast land of flora. This state in India is a holiday place that attracts historians, archaeologists, and naturalist. If you are up for a tour to India, then a tour to Chhattisgarh can offer you a plethora of tourist attractions that are spellbinding and unique. Do visit the state!

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