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Although this exotic island is not a part of mainland India, yet its a popular tourist destination for all the Indians and beach lovers from across the world. Pamban Island is a part of the Ramanathapuram district of Tamil Nadu. Pamban Island is the largest island in Tamil Nadu in terms of area and is known worldwide for the popular pilgrimage site Rameshwaram. Rameshwaram is the holy place in the Hindu text, as it is believed that Lord Rama built a bridge of stones across the sea to rescue his wife Sita from the demon king of Lanka, Ravana.   

History of Pamban Island 

Pamban Island is located between the Indian Penninsula and Sri Lanka. Pamban Island is connected to mainland India via the Pamban channel. Apart from the ancient and religious significance, the island is also known for its rulers from the Chola Dynasty and Jaffna kingdom. The island was invaded by many traders from the west such as Britishers, and Dutches, because of its easy to access geographical location. After independence, the region came under the Ramanathapuram district, in Tamil Nadu. 

Today Pamban Island is considered an offbeat destination for travellers. The island accommodates ancient temples for religious tourists, beaches for beach lovers, sea rail bridge and water sports for the adventure seekers.

Also Read: It is the world’s largest riverine island which is located in the Brahmaputra River of Assam

Major Attractions in and Around Pamban Island 

1. Pamban Bridge. Pamban rail bridge is India’s first sea bridge built-in 1914 and is 2065m long. The bridge was made to connect the Ramanathapuram district in Tamil Nadu to the Pamban Island. Another thing that makes this bridge special is that it can open up to let the ferry boats, and ships pass. The bridge completed its 100years in 2014 and is still standing tall and strong in the water.     

2. Adam’s Bridge. Rama Setu or Adam’s bridge is another tourist attraction for tourists who visit Pamban Island. As per the popular beliefs, the bridge starts from Dhanuskodi and terminates at the Mannar Island in Sri Lanka. The bridge is made of limestone shoals, which make them float on the water surface.  

3. Dhanushkodi. Dhanushkodi is a tiny beach town located on Pamban Island. The beach town gots its name after Lord Ram rescued his wife Sita and destroyed the Rama Setu with his bow and arrow. Once a significant town, Dhanushkodi has now become an abandoned land after the cyclone of 1964. Dhanushkodi is also known as ‘Ghost Town’ because the Tamil Nadu govt after the cyclone of 1964 declared the place ‘not fit for human habitation’. Read More  

4. Ramanathaswamy Temple. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. As per the ancient tales, Ramanathaswamy temple is the place where Lord Rama worshipped Lord Shiva and prayed to him to forgive him for all the sins he might have committed in the war against Ravana. 

5. Train Ride on Pamban Bridge. Chennai express and Rameshwaram Express are the two trains that pass through the Pamban bridge. If you are planning to visit Pamban island than book your tickets in advance for the train ride over the sea bridge.    

6. Ancient Temples. Panchmulkhi Hanuman temple is one of the most popular temples in Rameshwaram. The five-faced idol of Lord Hanumana idol with the faces of Lord Narasimha, Lord Garuda, Lord Hayagriva, and Lord Adivaraha is a famous tourist attraction.  

7. Authentic South Indian Cuisine. Rameshwaram is a paradise for food lovers. The Rameshwaram platter is an amalgamation of seafood and typical south Indian food. On a visit to Pamban island or Rameshwaram where it is located one will get to taste exotic fishes and a variety of south Indian foods that are prepared with indigenously found herbs and spices.  

How to Reach

Pamban island is an offbeat destination featuring picturesque views, serene ambience, and exotic beaches which makes it a perfect destination for a relaxing vacation. Lying between mainland India and Sri Lanka you can easily reach here via diverse transportation modes and routes. 

Pamban Island is approximately 2,700, 1,500, 2,200, and 600 km away from Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, and Bengaluru respectively. Some of the best travel options have been listed below that you must consider if planning a trip to Pamban Island.  

By Air. Madurai Airport is the nearest airport to Rameshwaram. After leaving the airport one has to take the local transport to travel another 3 km to reach Pamban Island. Madurai airport received direct and connecting flights from all metro cities of India such as Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, and Bengaluru. Listed below are the airlines that operate direct flights to Madurai Airport. 

  1. Delhi - Air India
  2. Mumbai - SpiceJet
  3. Bengaluru - SpiceJet, IndiGo 
  4. Chennai - AirIndia, SpiceJet, IndiGo

By Road. If you are planning to visit Pamban island by your car or bike then the following routes can be considered on arrival from nearby prominent cities and states.

  1. Rameshwaram - 3 km via NH 87
  2. Mysuru - 570 km via NH 87
  3. Coimbatore - 400 km via NH 87
  4. Chennai - 600km via NH 38
  5. Madurai - 175 km via NH 87

By Rail. Rameshwaram railway station is the nearest railway station to reach Pamban island. The railway station is connected to all the major railway stations located in metro cities such as Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Bengaluru, Hyderabad and more. Listed below are the direct trains that you may consider to reach Rameshwaram. 

  1. Chennai - Rameswaram Express
  2. Madurai - Cape RMM Express, TPTY RMM Express

You can plan your trip and create your own route to the city with Adotrip’s technically driven circuit planner. Click here

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