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This is not a museum, rather it is a place for ideas. Founded in 1814, by the Asiatic Society of Bengal, Indian Museum is the largest and oldest museum in India. Here one can find various historical items like collections of armours, antiques, skeletons, ornaments, fossils, mummies and whatnot!

It feels as if the whole place oozes the past glory of our country. For those, who love to know about our country and its various historical aspects, a visit to this museum won’t disappoint at all.

Currently, the Indian Museum in Kolkata has 35 galleries that have been further divided into six different categories - Art, Archaeology, Anthropology, Geology, Zoology, and Economic Botany. There is also a library within the museum premises for those who want to have a taste of our fascinating history.

The museum is open from Tuesday to Friday from 10 am-6:30 pm. And on Saturdays and Sundays, it is open from 10 am-8 pm. For foreign nationals, the price of the entry ticket is Rs.500 and for the locals, it is Rs.50

History of Indian Museum

This museum was established in the 19th century by the Asiatic Society of Bengal (founded in 1784 by Sir William Jones) which is presently located at 1 Park Street, Kolkata. However, in 1875, the museum was shifted to its present geographical location. And due to the first-mover advantage, this museum became the earliest as well as the largest multi-purpose museum of not just India but in the entire Asia-Pacific region. And since its establishment, it was as if there was a whole movement that started in India with great momentum of setting up museums. And currently, according to data, there are about 400 museums in our country.

Also Read: This museum is dedicated to the 500-year-old history of Sikh culture and heritage

Major Attractions in and Around Indian Museum 

1. Bharhut Gallery. In this gallery, the tourists will find the architectural remains of our glorified past. These remains are mainly the railings and the surviving gateway which belonged to the Sunga Period in history. The Sunga or Shunga dynasty was one of the ancient dynasties of our country and was established by Pushyamitra Shunga, after the fall of the Mauryan Empire.

2. Bird Gallery. This particular section exhibits the ecosystem of birds. What’s interesting is that one can also find various specimens of foreign birds from different continents here as well.

3. Botanical Gallery. For those who are interested in botany and plants will find this gallery to be quite a tasteful experience.   

4. Bronze Gallery. The gallery consists of a sizeable number of metal images that are as old as between 8th and 14th century CE. 

5. Coin Gallery. Here you will find a unique variety of coins. It is believed that there are 52,000 coins preserved here from ancient times. However, not all of them are original. Yes, this gallery also displays some replicas of the original ones as well, ranging from uninscribed coins to even the coins of independent India. 

6. Egypt Gallery. Here the visitors will get to taste the antiquities of ancient Egypt, offering the tourists a glimpse of the Egyptian Civilization. The main attraction of this gallery is a 4,000-year-old mummy. 

7. Gandhara Gallery. In this gallery, the tourists will find the sculptures which depict the life of Lord Buddha. Apart from that, it also displays the Boddhisattva and Maitreya of the Gandhara School of Art, which flourished in the 2nd century CE.    

8. L.Archeology Gallery. This gallery showcases the sculptors belonging to the Buddhist, Brahmanical, and Jain faiths dating between the 2nd Century and the 15th Century CE. These belonged to the Kushana, Gupta, Pala-Sena, Chandella, Pallava, Hoysala, Vijaynagar and Chola dynasty.

9. Visit Sudder Street. This place is very well-known among tourists. Here you will find just about anything that you could imagine from cheap eateries to foreign currency exchange. It is a great option to taste and feel the raw picture of Kolkata.  

10. New Market at Lindsay Street. The New Market on Lindsay street is an interesting option to explore after your visit the Indian Museum. Here, the tourists can relish the shopping experience of over 2,000 stalls wherein there is a lot of opportunity for shopping around ranging from flowers, clothing, food items and so much more.

How to Reach Indian Museum

Known as the city of joy, Kolkata is a must-visit city for anyone who is fascinated with Indian culture. It is located at a distance of 1,532, 2,179, 1,891, 1,499 km from Delhi, Mumbai, Bengaluru, and Hyderabad. Let’s see how you can reach here by the following means of transportation.

By Air. The Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport (CCU) situated at Dumdum is the best option to reach here by flight. Earlier, this airport was known as the Dum Dum Airport. It has been named after one of the freedom fighters of India. 

The Kolkata Airport is considered as the largest hub for air traffic in the eastern part of the country. This airport handled 20 million passenger traffic during the fiscal year of 2017-2018 on an annual basis and is considered as the fifth busiest airport in India.

After you deboard at the airport, you will need to cover the total distance of 15-20 km. For this, you can hire a cab or opt for some other means of transportation. 

Here is how you can reach here by the following flight routes. 

  • Delhi - Board IndiGo, Go Air, Spicejet, Vistara flights from Indira Gandhi International Airport. The airfares start from Rs.3,000
  • Lucknow - Board IndiGo, Go Air, Vistara flights from Lucknow Airport. The airfares start from Rs.3,000
  • Patna - Board IndiGo, Spicejet, Air India, Vistara airlines from Patna Airport. The airfares start from Rs.2,500
  • Nagpur - Board IndiGo, Air India flights from Nagpur Airport. The airfares start from Rs.4,000
  • Indore - Board IndiGo, Vistara, Air India flights from Indore Airport. The airfares start from Rs.4,000

By Train. Kolkata is very well connected via efficient train networks to other Indian cities. There are multiple railway stations in Kolkata. However, the main stations are Howrah Railway Station, Kolkata Railway Station, Shalimar Railway Station, and Sealdah Railway Station. All of these stations lie within a radius of 10 km from the Indian Museum. So, depending upon your convenience, you can choose either of them.

  • Delhi - Board Kolkata Rajdhani Express from New Delhi Railway Station and deboard at the Howrah Railway Junction
  • Ranchi - Board Shatabadi Express from Ranchi Junction and deboard at the Howrah Junction
  • Visakhapatnam - Board PDY Howrah Express from Visakhapatnam Station and deboard at the Howrah Junction
  • Hyderabad - Board East Coast Express from Secunderabad Junction and deboard at the Howrah Junction

By Road. Depending upon your location, you can also plan on traveling to Kolkata via road networks as well. For this, you can either choose to travel in your own car, cab or a bus.

From Ranchi, the bus fares start from Rs.700- Rs.800. From Bhubaneswar, the bus fares start from Rs.600. From Jamshedpur, the bus fares start from Rs.500

  • Raipur - 937 km via NH53 or NH16 or NH18
  • Puri - 493 km via NH16
  • Dhanbad - 278 km via NH19
  • Patna - 558 km via NH22 or NH19
  • Varanasi - 684 km via NH31 or NH19 

You can plan your trip and create your own route to the city with Adotrip’s technically driven circuit planner. Click here


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