Historic sites


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Surat is a district located in Gujarat and is also known as the 'Diamond city of India'. The district is culturally and historically rich and is located in the southern banks of the Tapi river. Surat district is known for many things such as diamond merchants, flyovers, silk weavers, big industries and exotic beaches. Tourists from across the country visit Surat to witness the historic sites and amazing beaches that are located here.   

Tourists may visit Surat at any time of the year. In case you wish to avoid travelling in a hot and humid climate then the monsoon season is not great to visit Surat which is between July to September. Apart from that, every month is great to travel to and explore Surat. 

History of Surat 

The history of Surat, the port city of Gujarat, is rooted in the era of Ramayana and Mahabharata. According to popular folklore, it is said that Surat is the place where Lord Krishna paused while he was on his way to Dwarka from Mathura. Suryapur was the ancient name of Surat and there is no supporting document that highlights when and how the name got changed to the current one. It is believed that the city was founded by Gopi, a Brahmin, sometime around the 14th century and before that it was ruled by the Parsi community. 

Also Read: Rich in art, culture & heritage, this city is known for the famous musician Tansen

A look at the ancient history of Surat shows that it was ruled by Hindus for a significant period of time, and later it was invaded and remained a colony of Mughals and many other foreign invaders who captured the city for its port, Hazira. Surat port was a significant place as it enabled the rulers to connect with other countries in order to expand the trade and multiply the profit. 

Modern History 

During the 19th century, Surat was captured and ruled by the Britishers. The geographical location is such that through the sea route, one can conveniently connect to the gulf countries and other continents for trade and other business voyages. Britishers wanted to make the most of Surat port and that’s why they were so adamant to rule the place. They even fought with other foreign invaders such as French, Portuguese and Dutch and native rulers such as Marathas.  

After India gained independence Surat developed as a prime commercial, industrial and tourist place in India. Surat, over time, managed to carve a niche for its silk, cotton, and apparel markets that had the unique zari work which is famous across the globe in the textile industry. Today Surat is known as the world’s largest diamond cutting, polishing, and carving center, where diamonds from around the world arrive for further processing.  

Major Attractions in and Around Surat 

1. Dandi History. Dandi is the place where the popular Dandi march was carried out by Mohan Das Karamchand Gandhi in 1930. Mahatma Gandhi marched from Sabarmati to Dandi against the tax levied on salt during the British rule. Dandi March or Salt March was participated by many followers of Gandhi Ji and was a prominent movement of India’s freedom struggle.  

2. The Black Sand Dumas Beach. Dumas beach is located on the southern side of the Surat district and is famous for its black sand at the seashore. Locals believe that the place was used as a crematory ground by Hindus many years ago and that is why the sand has turned black. However, many people believe that due to the high concentration of iron in the land the sand has turned black and grey. Many ghost stories and paranormal activities have been reported around Dumas Beach which makes it a haunted destination. Read More 

3. Suvali Beach. The Suvali beach or Swally beach is located nearly 20km from Surat and one may visit there by any local transport like a taxi or a bus. The beach is covered with black and grey colour sand which is a sight of amusement for the visitors. The beach is known to be the cleanest among all the beaches of India. 

4. Surat Castle. Surat Castle is a 16th-century fort that was built by king Sultan Mehmood III. The motive behind the construction of the fort was to provide safe heaven to the natives and the royal family from the invaders. Tourists from across the country arrive here to witness this great construction.    

How to Reach Surat

To reach Surat, you will need to cover a total distance of about 1,154, 290, 2,023, 1,249 km from Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, and Bengaluru respectively. Here are the details on how you can reach here via following means of public transportation. 

By Air. Deboard at the Surat Airport (STV) and from there take a cab or some other means of public transport to reach your destination. Surat Airport is well-routed with other Indian cities via direct and connecting flights, thus you won't face any hassle while flying here. 

  • From Chandigarh - Board Air India, IndiGo, Spicejet flights from Chandigarh Airport. The airfares start from INR 4,000-5,000
  • From Guwahati - Board Go Air, IndiGo, Spicejet flights from Guwahati Airport. The airfares start from INR 5,000-6,000
  • From Jaipur - Board IndiGo flights from Jaipur Airport. The airfares start from INR 4,000

By Train. If planning to travel by train then deboard at the Surat Railway Station. The station has regular trains operating frequently to and fro across the country. Gandhidham special, Ag Kranti Rajdhani, and Swaraj Express are a few trains on which seats can be reserved to reach Surat.    

  • From Amritsar - Board Paschim Exp Spl from Amritsar Junction and deboard at Surat Railway Station
  • From Chandigarh - Board Paschim Exp Spl from Chandigarh Junction and deboard at Surat Railway Station 

By Road. If you are residing in the neighbouring cities and states, then travelling to Surat by road would be a fairly good decision. To travel, you can reach here by buses, taxis and if you prefer to travel at your own pace, then self-drive here. 

  • From Nashik - 232 km via NH48
  • From Ahmedabad - 263 km via NH48
  • From Indore - 486 km via NH47 or NH48

You can plan your trip and create your own route to the city with Adotrip’s technically driven circuit planner. Click here


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