Kashmir

Natural Beauty

Jammu And Kashmir

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A place that oozes tranquillity and charm - that is what best defines Kashmir. Famously known as the ‘Paradise on Earth’, this travel getaway is all about exploring the snow-white mountains, plentiful wildlife, exquisite landscapes, and amazing handicrafts. 

A visit to Kashmir will surely be a memorable one for anyone. And why not so? Here the saying ‘‘Agar Firdaus bar roo-e zameen ast, Hameen ast-o Hameen ast-o Hameen ast’’ holds very true. This saying beautifully depicts that if there is a paradise on Earth, it is here.

People who like adventure and traveling will surely find Kashmir to be an amazing travel destination in India. Yes, Kashmir has a plethora of vivid natural possibilities like lakes, glaciers, monasteries, meadows, and whatnot. All you can expect from Kashmir is everything nice, fragrant, and charming. 

Generally, the best time to visit this gorgeous city is during the spring months of March to August. However, you may also visit after August also, until October when the weather is perfect, and flowers, as well as alpine meadows, blossom quite beautifully. The time between March to May is pleasantly warm. Between June and September, you can expect rainfall. During the month of November and February, the climate is frigid. The climate from October to November can be called pleasantly cold. 

History of Kashmir

The ancient period in Kashmir was mostly influenced by Hinduism and Buddhism religions. This period gave the world several spiritual philosophies such as Madhyamaka, and Yogachara which is a combination of Shaivism and Advaita Vedanta.

Buddhism Era

Before Kashmir came into the dominance of Hindu and Muslim rulers, Buddhism was already very well-established in the region. This was so between the 1st century to 8th century A.D. According to historians, King Kanishka from Kushan Dynasty even organized the 4th Buddhist Council at Kundalvana in Kashmir. It was presided by Vasumitra whose deputy was Ashvaghosha. 

Hinduism Era

Earlier, the land of Kashmir was greatly influenced by Hinduism and interestingly, one can still witness the traces of that era in this region. A major section of Kashmiri residents consists of Kashmiri Pandits who follow the Hindu religion. During the 9th century, Vaishnavism also flourished in Kashmir.

Medieval Era

The period between the 13th and 15th centuries was the time of the Mughal Era in this region. It is said that this era led to the downfall of Shaivism. The first Mughal ruler of Kashmir was Shah Mir who reigned in 1339. The rule of Mughals continued for the next five centuries, Muslim monarchs ruled Kashmir, including the Mughal Empire, which ruled from 1586 until 1751, and the Afghan Durrani Empire, which ruled from 1747 until 1819.

The medieval era was mostly ruled by Mughal Emperors. The first Mughal ruler of Kashmir was Shams-Ud-Din Shah Mir of the Shah Mir Dynasty who ruled between 1339-42. After that, the Great Akbar conquered Kashmir and ruled between 1585 to 1586. Then, it was captured by Afghan rulers from the Durrani Dynasty who ruled till the invasion of the Sikh Dynasty in 1890 who continued to rule Kashmir until the invasion of the British.

Major Attractions in and Around Kashmir

Here's the list of the best places to visit in Kashmir.

1. Srinagar

Srinagar is undoubtedly one of the best places to visit in Kashmir. If you are looking for something peaceful, serene, beautiful then, Srinagar is the kind of place that you should be visiting with your loved ones.

2. Sonamarg

Sonamarg is an endless journey of happiness throughout the valley. Here you would be encountering various enchanting and breathtaking views of nature that will charm you and sweep you off your feet. What Sonamarg has to offer, everyone must experience that at least once in their lives.

3. Leh

The huge mountains of Leh are out and out amazing. Leh is a great place to visit with your loved ones, especially during the summer months. Moreover, this place is on the bucket list of every biker as their dream destination.

4. Gulmarg Golf Club

Now, this is one of the most offbeat things which you could do in Jammu and Kashmir. Interestingly, the Gulmarg Golf Club in Gulmarg is known as one of the largest clubs consisting of 18 holes altogether. Yes, it is the highest green golf club all over the globe. Nothing like you would have ever seen in life. 

5. Gondola Cable Car Ride

Considered as one of the longest and highest cable car rides, riding the Gondola cable car would be the most exciting as well as fun things to do in Kashmir for people of all ages. Tourists travel via cable car often to enjoy the most relishing views of the snow-capped mountains.

How to Reach Kashmir

Kashmir is a place that is known for its amazing charm and aura. This is a kind of place that is all about enjoying the vibe of this place. Kashmir is situated at a distance of 401, 1,813, 1,917, 2,570 km from Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, and Bengaluru respectively. Let’s discuss how you can reach here by the following means of transportation.

By Air

The nearest airport is the Srinagar Airport (SXR). It is fundamentally a civil enclave that serves Srinagar and its nearby regions. This airport is owned and managed by the Indian Air Force and Airport Authority of India. 

This airport has an integrated terminal that covers both domestic as well as international flights. Due to its geographical location, a special roof has been incorporated which facilitates snow removal. Many flights operate to and fro Srinagar airport connecting nearby Indian cities. 

  • Delhi - Board Air India, Air Asia, Spicejet, Go Air flights from Indira Gandhi International Airport. The airfares are starting from Rs.5,000
  • Patna - Board Spicejet, Go Air, IndiGo flights from Patna Airport. The airfares are starting from Rs.9,000
  • Jaipur - Board Air India, IndiGo flights from Jaipur Airport. The airfares are starting from Rs.7,000
  • Lucknow - Board IndiGo flights from Lucknow airport. The airfares start from Rs.8,000
  • Ahmedabad - Board Go Air, Spicejet, Air India, Vistara flights from Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport. The airfares are starting from Rs.8,000

By Train

Depending upon your location, you can decide to deboard at either Jammu Tawi Railway Station or Srinagar Railway Station. Both of these railheads are considered major operating train stations.

  • Delhi - Board Jammu Rajdhani Express from New Delhi Railway Station and deboard at the Jammu Tawi Railway Station
  • Ludhiana - Board Uttar S Kranti from Ludhiana Junction and deboard at the Jammu Tawi Station
  • Bikaner - Board JU JAT Express from Bikaner Junction and deboard at the Jammu Tawi Station
  • Agra - Board Malwa Express from Agra Cantt and deboard at the Jammu Tawi Station
  • Ajmer - Board AII JAT Express from Ajmer Junction and deboard at the Jammu Tawi Station

By Road

Depending upon your location you can consider traveling to Kashmir by road as well. Apart from that, you can also choose to travel via buses of J&K State Road Transport Corporation (JKSRTC). Depending upon your budget you can choose between a luxury or regular bus.

Here is how you can reach Kashmir by road.

  • Delhi -  401 km via NH44
  • Jaipur - 664 km via NH48 and NH44
  • Bikaner - 628 km via Surat-Garh Bikaner Road
  • Agra - 632 km via NH44
  • Dehradun - 336 km via NH7 or NH344
  • Amritsar - 195 km via Grand Trunk Road
  • Patiala - 206 km via NH503 

You can plan your trip and create your route to the city with Adotrip’s technically driven circuit planner. Click here.

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