Stepwells are an ancient engineering marvel and remarkable architectural treasures constructed to handle the seasonal fluctuation of water. Also known as boalis, vav, and baoris, these stepwells are visually spectacular and speak volumes about the architectural prowess of our forefathers. These step wells were built in such a way that they not only proved to be a good source of water but also a symbol of the architectural brilliance of those times. The intricate carvings, fascinating designs, and architectural precision made these stepwells an important attraction.
One attribute that unifies the architecture of these stepwells, which have a central well, is their meticulously designed, symmetrical steps with a repeated geometrical pattern. The aristocracy acquired these sophisticated yet stunning marvels of ingenuity. So, get ready, as we are here to share a curated list of these breathtakingly beautiful stepwells in India and discuss their unique features.
This ornate stepwell was constructed using sandstone in the Solanki architectural style. The stepwell has five beautiful stories and equally remarkable architectural designs in its carved stone columns. At the top of this stepwell, overflow channels are visible, serving as a reminder of a period when the water table was considerably higher than it is today. This stepwell is known as Bai Harir Vav and is renowned as one of the city's most tranquil spots.
Built during the reign of Sikandar Lodhi, this mediaeval edifice may be seen in Mehrauli. For history aficionados, this archaeological masterpiece's workmanship is a true treasure. It is notable for being a remnant of the Lodhis, the ultimate pre-Mughal monarchy. During the reign of Sikandar Lodhi, Daulat Khan constructed this Boali. You can even explore wonderful verandahs at each step that descends to the stepwell's base. It's great to experience the cool ambience while stepping down.
This masterpiece of Amer flaunts its unique architectural style. It has been harvested during the rainy season and is constructed with the most symmetrical style of staircases. The stones in the depth of this stepwell are wonderfully constructed in an octagonal form. The eight-story staircase layout is absolutely a feast to the eyes! Furthermore, this spot is the most admired among tourists for its panoramic views of the Amer fort.
Ghaus Ali Shah fashioned this wonderful baoli or stepwell in the guise of a Turkish Hammam. The water tank is flanked by a finely carved verandah, with relaxing chambers on the upper floor. It was designed to fulfil two key purposes: to act as an eternal water structure and to provide a vantage point for monitoring the surroundings. The aura of a Roman amphitheatre can be experienced here.
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