Historically affluent, replete with religions and home to many forest reserves, Bihar has everything that tourists wish to experience. Blissful Bihar is a land of monasteries, temples, Muslim and Sikh shrines hence, visited by a vast number of pilgrims. History buffs show their keen interest in studying ancient relics. Capital of Bihar is Patna which is quite famous while other places as Bodhgaya, Nalanda, Vaishali, Buxor, Rajgir, Pawanpuri, Kesaria are amongst the top listed Destinations in Bihar that are visited by a large number of Indian as well as Foreign Tourists.  

The state of Bihar has a great historical background and deep-rooted culture of the old era. The culture and tradition of Bihar has been influenced due to the political, economic and cultural hub of India which has seen the empire of Aryans, Mauryas, Guerras and many more. Bihar culture is one of the many rich and diverse cultures across the country, famous for motifs, arts and crafts.

History of Bihar

Bihar - one of the oldest inhabited places in India is reckoned to have a  glorified past. The land that has been an abode to the great mathematician Aryabhata, a teacher, a philosopher and royal advisor Chanakya, our first President Dr. Rajendra Prasad, and the great Mauryan Emperor Ashoka. It is a pious land where Sita, Guru Gobind Singh, and Thirthankara Vardhamana Mahavira were born. An origin of many pilgrimage sites - Bihar is where Gautam Buddha was enlightened. The depilating structures of the famous Nalanda University and Vikramshila in Bihar speaks of the bygone era when these were the main center of education in the world. Being historically rich and well known for its ancient marvels, Bihar can also leave you enthralled with its cultural and natural splendors.

Culture of Bihar

Possessing 38 districts, Bihar is the twelfth largest state in India which is also a melting pot of many cultures. A land where Buddhism and the Maurya Dynasty originated, a region that is, as ancient as the mythological epics of Mahabharata and Ramayana, upholds religious significance. The most prominent cultures - Buddhism, Jainism, and Hinduism are significantly depicted through literature, art, and culture in Bihar. Embracing all cultures and religions, Islam is also widely practiced due to the overwhelming majority of Muslims spreading throughout the state. Patna Sahib -the Sikh shrine adds up to the religious diversity of Bihar. Primarily divided into four cultural provinces -Bhojpur, Chotanagpur, Mithila, and Magadha, it is a place where religion is primary thus is home to famous temples that holds much importance. Significant to all major religions and adorned with rich culture, the third-largest populous state is a place that is a wonderful example of cultural inclusion that can be witnessed in the array of famous festivals celebrated in this part of India. Bihar is largely explored by tourists who wish to savor the diversity at its best!

The Bihar traditional dress culture for women is similar to that of the other women in the north Indian region, and most of them wear saris that are mostly cotton or silk. In men, the apparel includes a dhoti-kurta: a dhoti is a cloth that is worn around the waist and the legs, and the kurta is a long and loose shirt. Both men and women adorn themselves with conventional ornaments in chains, rings, bangles, earrings, and other individualistic pieces of jewellery made of gold and precious stones.

Tribes of Bihar

Bihar was once an abode to many tribes but after splitting up in November 2000, many tribes moved to Jharkhand. Now left with Birjia, Binjhia, Bathudi, and Chik Baraik, one can en route to experience the unfiltered and unruffled life that still exists in some parts of the state. Primarily depending on agriculture and handicrafts, they thrive on the basics, sticking more with nature. Their thatched houses, intriguing culture, paintings, dances, festivals are intriguing and full of life. Taking a tribal tour in Bihar can help you change your perspective towards life. This can be the most enriching experience if well-curated.

Art and Handicrafts of Bihar

Bihar is indeed a land of many art forms - Madhubani paintings being the soul. Largely associated with small-scale industries, handloom and handicraft in Bihar are exquisite and easy on the pocket. Bhagalpur in Bihar, known as the Silk City of India, showcases a huge collection of pure fabrics including cotton, silk, tussar, mulberry, and sand gamchas. Shopaholic or not, souvenirs are something that every traveler seeks to partake in while exploring a destination. Bihar offers a large variety of unique souvenirs that are absolutely worth buying. Don’t forget to keep an extra space because you might end up adding more weight to your luggage as handicrafts of Bihar are irresistible. 

Food of Bihar

Life seems so endlessly delicious with the local food of Bihar. Bihar has given a secret recipe of Sattu to the country. High in energy, Sattu is extensively used in breakfast. The smoky flavored Litti-Chokha is the regional specialty, it is roasted on coal fire that tastes incredibly delicious. Dal Pitha -Bihar’s version of dumplings is truly a delight while Kadhi Badi is the all-time favorite dish. Mutton-kebabs, an ancient recipe cannot be missed. Heaven for people with a sweet tooth, delicacies like Malpua,  Kheer Makhana, Parwal ki Mithai can leave you drooling. 2000-year-old preparation, Khaja is definitely scrumptious. The mouth-watering food in Bihar will surely make your visit worthwhile and leave you craving for more!

Places To Visit In Bihar

  • Enjoy the bliss at Dungeshwari Cave Temples near Gaya.
  • Do not skip a visit to Mahabodhi Temple
  • Witness Thai culture at Thai Monastery
  • Seek blessings at the famous Sikh shrine, Takht Shri Patna Sahib

  • Learn about the rich culture of India at the Archaeological Survey of India Museum in Patna.
  • Pay a visit to the Relics of the World's second-largest Buddhist Stupas near Nalanda and Champaran.
  • Find solace at Shri Krishna Vatika near Munger.
  • Step into the oldest university of India, Nalanda.

Bihar is truly an awe-inspiring land that has been evolving ever since. It has seen major highs and lows, however, with progressive planning and implementation by the Government, this historically rich destination has bounced back, reserving its spot in the fastest-growing states of India. A blend of all the things nice, contemporary Bihar is a place to be for nature-lovers, heritage-buffs, and religious-minded folks.

Read More :  Forts In Bihar

How to Reach?

Bihar, one of India's most famous tourist locations, is a religious centre for Jains, Hindus, and Buddhists. The region is also known for its natural splendour, which includes dazzling lakes, stunning waterfalls, and hot springs. Tourists from all over the world visit Bihar to discover its rich cultural legacy. Reaching Bihar is not a difficult task. The state is well-connected to key sections of the country and worldwide by air, rail, and road.

By Air.

Bihar is well-connected by flight to major cities in India and worldwide. It has two major airports: Jayprakash Narayan Airport in Patna and Bodhgaya Airport in Gaya. Regular flights travel between Bihar and major cities in the country, such as Mumbai, Delhi, and Kolkata.

By Road.

Bihar is connected to the rest of the country via a huge network of national and state highways. These highways connect Bihar to other parts of the state and beyond. Bihar's common types of transportation include state and private buses, cabs, and vehicles.

By Rail.

Bihar has a well-developed railway network that connects major and regional districts across the country. Patna, Gaya, and Bhagalpur are the country's main railheads. Tourists can travel to their destinations via taxi or bus from the railway station.


Bihar is one of the most populous states in eastern India and is endowed with a variety of resources. It is a culture that has ancient roots that date back to thousands of years ago. Bihar has a history and great geographical features such as the fertile Gangetic plain and its link with Buddhism and Jainism. Other important religious spots include the ruined university at Nalanda, Bodh Gaya where Gautam Buddha attained enlightenment, Vaishali – the birth of Lord Mahavira & the once famous Patna or Pataliputra. 

Bihar is famous for its cultural side, in terms of painting like the Madhubani Paintings, music like Bhojpuri songs, and dance forms like Jat-Jatin. Some of the tasty foods of Bihar which are familiar all over the country are Litti-chokha, Pedas, Sattu and Thekua, Salwar suits and sarees with Mukesh work and so on. In a broad perspective, Bihar’s influence on religious, cultural and political identity of modern India has been profound through the centuries. 

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Frequently Asked Questions About Bihar

Q. What is the capital of Bihar? 
Patna is the capital of Bihar and one of the oldest living cities in India. It is situated on the bank of the Ganges.

Q. What are the dominant languages used in the Bihar region?
The official language of the country is Hindi, although English is also widely used by business people and the intelligentsia. Some of the other chief languages spoken in Bihar include Bhojpuri, Magadhi, and Maithili.

Q. What are the major and frequently visited tourist destinations in Bihar?
Tourism in Bihar is mainly based on religious sites, with some historical places to visit. These are Bodh Gaya, where Gautam Buddha became enlightened, Mahabodhi Temple, Vaishali, the birthplace of Lord Mahavir, Nalanda and Vikramshila University ruins, and Patna City, including Golghar and Kumhrar.  

Q. Which festivals in Bihar are famous for their rich religious traditions?
Prominent festivals of Bihar are Chhath Pooja, Sama Chakeva, Eid ul Fitr, Muharram, Durga Pooja, Deepawali, Poush Sankranti, Saraswati Pooja and Holi etc.

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