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Bodhi day is observed as a holiday and celebration that commemorates the day when Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment. The day is celebrated with different names internationally in Buddhism-following countries. According to the popularly known folklore, Gautama Buddha sat under a peepal tree and meditated for years to find the cause of misery in human life and solutions to it. Many Mahayana Buddhism following devotees and countries celebrate this day. 

Devotees reaffirm faith, compassion, and kindness towards fellow humans and spend the day praying and wishing others. Generally, the day is celebrated on December 8 globally as people believe that it is the same date when Gautama Buddha got enlightened in 596 BC, but the celebration date still may vary country wise.     

History of Bodhi Day 

Siddhartha Gautama who later in life became the founder of Buddhism was born in Lumbini which is now in Nepal to a noble family of Kshatriyas in 563 BC. His father Suddhodhana was the king of Shakya clan and he gave Siddhartha an extremely lavish and comfortable childhood. 

Siddhartha once went on a tour of his kingdom and saw people suffering from poverty, and disease which intensely affected him. At the age of 29, he left his family and kingdom in search of truth and solutions to these miseries. For 6 six years, he traveled and meditated and then finally in Bodhgaya he attained enlightenment. 

Also Read: A festival that is celebrated by lighting earthen lamps on the ghats of Ganges

Bodhgaya is a village in Bihar, India. The place is visited on special occasions like Bodhi Day, Buddha Purnima and more by devotees and tourists from across the globe. Bodhgaya is also home to the popular Bodhi tree under which Buddha meditated.  

Teachings of Gautama Buddha 

This enlightenment further led to the creation of 4 Noble Truths and Eight Fold Path which forms the basis of Buddhism. The 4 noble truths mentioned by Gautama Buddha are 

Dukkha. Life is suffering 

Samudaya. Cause of suffering is greed or desire

Nirodha. End to craving can end sufferings 

Magga. The path to liberation    

The eightfold path which Gautama Buddha shared among his disciples comprises the following principle values: 

Right Understanding, Right Thought, Right Speech, Right Action, Right Livelihood, Right Effort, Right Mindfulness, Right Concentration.    

Major Attractions and Facts of Bodhi Day

Bodhi Day Celebrations in 2019. Bodhi Day is celebrated around the globe with similar zest and zeal as it is in a Buddhist country. During this day people often decorate a fig tree to make it resemble the Bodhi tree under which Gautama Buddha meditated. People prepare rice and milk dishes along with special cookies to mark the celebration.   

Rohatsu. In Japan, Bodhi Day is known by the name Rohatsu which means the 8th day of the 12th month. The Buddhist monks perform special prayers on this day.   

Laba. The Chinese version of Bodhi day is known as Laba. The date of the festival in China also varies as people observe it in January.  

How to Reach 

By Road. If you are planning to travel to Bodhgaya by road then you may either take an inter-state tourist bus or may drive to the city in your personal vehicle. In either case, one is required to cover nearly 1,100, 1,700, 480, and 2,000 km from Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, and Bengaluru respectively.  

By Rail. Gaya junction railway station is the nearest to reach Bodhgaya. Trains from all the metro cities of India arrive here hence one may consider traveling by train if looking for a comfortable and budget-friendly option. From the station, one is required to travel another 13km via taxi or a bus.   

By Air. Patna airport is the nearest airport to reach Bodhgaya. Flights from all the metropolitan cities of the country such as Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata Chandigarh, Hyderabad, and Bengaluru arrive here. From the airport, one is required to cover another 130km via taxi or a bus to reach Bodhgaya.  

You can plan your trip and create your own route to the city with Adotrip’s technically driven circuit planner. Click here

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  • Bihar
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    08 December 2019

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