Brimmed with natural beauty, the easternmost Sentinal, Assam state in India encloses lush tea plantation gardens, wild forests, and incredible archaeological sites. The hilltop Kamakhya temple, Peacock Island, silk bazaars, and the Brahmaputra river elevate the beauty of this state even more. The paradise of Earth sits in the footsteps of Brahmaputra valley where you will meet incredible surprises every new morning. Both in summer and winter, Assam will endow you with immense beauty of landscapes while unveiling the real colors of manmade as well as natural attractions of Assam. Witness the blooming orchids to allure your stay anytime between March to May. The best time to visit Assam is during the winter season (October to March) when tourists get a glimpse of the major harvest festival, Bihu. The capital city is Dispur that is a prominent landmark of the state.

History of Assam 

In the initial days, Assam used to be a part of Kamarupa (presently Guwahati) and it included the Brahmaputra Valley, Rangpur region (presently in Bangladesh), Bhutan, and Koch Bihar (in West Bengal state). In the Mahabharata period, king Naraksura and his son Bhagadatta used to be the famous rulers of this region. Also, dynasties like Koch, Pala, Kachari, etc ruled this region for some time. A lot of Kings kept coming and ruling the place till the time Britishers signed the Treaty of Yandabo and made it a part of British India in 1826. Then, it became a separate province in 1874 with Shillong as the capital.

After the partition of Bengal (1905), it was combined with Bengal as its eastern area. However, it again became a separate province in 1912 when Bengal reunited. Then came the time of World War 2 when Allied forces operating in Burma made it a major supply route and then several wars happened decisively in putting a halt on Japanese advance to India. When India became independent in 1947, the Sylhet district (except Karimganj subdivision) of this state went to Pakistan (now in Bangladesh). It became a constituent state in 1950. The disputes kept going on due to the McMahon Line that shares a boundary with India as well as Tibet. Finally, Assam got separated from Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram in 1972 and became an independent state in 1986. Since then, the Assamese are living peacefully irrespective of their tribal, cultural, racial, or regional differences.

Culture of Assam  

For those curious about "what is the culture of Assam?", it encompasses a rich blend of traditions, languages, and practices. Assam's cultural diversity is reflected in its festivals, dance forms, music, and culinary practices, making it a vibrant and unique region in India.

One of the Seven Sister States, Assam is a ground of cultural diversity. Right from Mongoloid, Indo-Burmese, Aryan to Indo-Iranian races, Assam culture and tradition gives shelter to all these races. The people of Assam are popular with the name Assamese or Asomiya. It is a place where Assamese is the principal language, but the tribal people of Bodo, Miri, Mishimi, Kachari, Karbi, and Rabha tribes have different languages to communicate. 

Most of the people of Assam belong to the Hindu religion and perform Namakarana in the glory of Lord Vishnu as they do not follow idol worshipping.  The culture and tradition of Assam typically revolves around two main religious and cultural institutions: the Sutras and the Naamghar. Assam is a cultural symbol, and you can count on Gamocha apart from Tamol-paan (betel leaf and areca nut). Specifically, all the Assamese people use Gamocha irrespective of their cultural differences or regional diversity. It is a white rectangular hand-woven cotton cloth with a red border on three sides, and the fourth side contains red woven motifs. A Bihu dancer wraps this loincloth around her head. In prayer halls, people tie it around the neck and sometimes throw it on the shoulder to signify their social status. These Gamochas are known as Bihuwaans and used as offerings in Bihu while portraying love. 

Art and Handicraft of Assam  

Creating wonderful objects for a few ordinary ones is the talent of Assamese people. Assam  Tourist Destination is highly rich in the art and handicrafts that portray the beauty of its culture as the gloried extension. The communities such as Kumars and Hiras bring a perfect example of pottery to the table. The craftsmen of this place also make articles from bamboo and cane, including musical instruments, baskets, and many more. Due to the abundance of bamboo and cane, most people use household articles of cane and bamboo.

The two significant types of metal crafts, bell metal and brass metal, are widely practised and immensely popular. In metal crafting, Hajo and Sarthebari villages secure a special place worldwide for preparing beautiful utensils and other household articles with metals. Also, the clay, wooden, mud, pith, and bamboo toys made here are unique and worth buying. Not only this, Assam is also popular for delicate silk handlooms and jewellery made with gold and silver. With a huge population of weavers, the mug silk of Assam contributes a lot to the world of rich fabrics. Tourists can also buy masks made of terracotta, metal, and wood, which is an integral part of Assamese dances. Go on a shopping spree at local markets and watch the wonders of art and handicrafts of Assam there.

Food of Assam

The Assamese people do not consume spicy food as the people of most Indian states do. Most of the people of Assam live on non-vegetarian food, and their staple diet is rice. Generally, duck, fish, chicken, pork, and pigeon are popular among the locals here. When it comes to famous dishes, you can count on fish curry prepared with a sour taste called Machor Tenga and Patot diya, wrapped in baked fish leaves with a condiment of white mustard paste.

The different preparations of rice dishes that can be tried here are Akhoi (parched paddy), Cheera (flattened rice), Pithguri (pound rice), Muri (puffed rice), Komal saul, Bora saul and Sandoh Guri (pound rice, fried). For people with a sweet tooth, Assamese people serve lip-smacking sweet dishes such as Ghila Pitha (fried rice cakes), Pitha (rice cake with a filling of black sesame), Kol Pitha (banana pancakes), and Narikolor laaru (balls of sweet coconut). Also, they prepare a detoxifying appetiser, Khar, prepared with burning the banana tree stem. Keeping healthy versions, the dishes of Assam have a unique taste that is worth trying.

Places To Visit In Assam

Assam Tourism endows visitors with unique and incredible experiences. Whether going with family, friends, soul mates, or relatives, you can do plenty of things in Assam to make merry. Scroll down to see the list of things you can try here.

  • Delve into the beauty of the world's largest river island, Majuli.
  • Enjoy Dibrugarh's lush green tea gardens and get lost in the pleasant fragrances. 
  • Step into the Kaziranga National Park to witness one hundred rhinos over there.
  • Do not miss the adventurous cruise ride at the Brahmaputra.
  • Be a part of vibrant Rogali Bihu and tea festivals.
  • Peep into the life of Ahom Kingdom at Sivasagar.
  • To add a religious note to your trip, you must go to the Kamakhya temple.
  • Try audacious river rafting and angling activities. 
  • Admire the splendour of Haflong valleys and River Lobha.
  • Make an essential visit to the cult of Voodoo, Mayong and Dhubri, to explore the past. 
  • Explore the oldest refinery in Asia, Digboi.
  • Pamper yourself with the finger-licking delicacies of Assam in its culinary festivals. 
  • Take a walk to Sualkuchi, where you can see the open-eye magic of weaving.

  • To add a religious note to your trip, you must go to the Kamakhya temple.
  • Try audacious river rafting and angling activities. 
  • Admire the splendor of Haflong valleys and River Lobha.
  • Make an essential visit to the cult of Voodoo that is Mayong and Dhubri to explore the pasts. 
  • Explore the oldest refinery of Asia that is Digboi.
  • Pamper yourself with the finger-licking delicacies of Assam in its culinary festivals. 
  • Take a walk to Sualkuchi where you can see the open-eye magic of weaving. 

How to Reach Assam?

  • By Air: Travelling to Assam by air is the most convenient means. The main airport is the Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport in Guwahati. It has good flight connectivity with other major cities of India, such as Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, and Bangalore. You can hire a taxi or a pre-paid cab from the airport to any part of Assam.
  • By Road: Assam has a fairly good road network. The National Highways NH 37 and NH 31 connect Assam with its neighbouring states. You can drive down to Assam in your private car or hire a taxi from neighbouring states like West Bengal, Meghalaya, or Arunachal Pradesh. The roads are good overall, and it can be quite a pleasurable drive.
  • By Bus: Frequent bus service to Assam from the neighbouring states. The Assam State Transport Corporation (ASTC) and private operators ply buses to cities like Kolkata, Siliguri, and Shillong. There are luxury, semi-luxury, and regular buses, and you can select one depending on your budget and comfort level. You can also book bus tickets online or at the bus terminals.

One who wants to feel the natural wonders and enjoy the environment's serenity must visit the state. You must note that if you are not habitual of bearing heavy rainfall, then the best time to visit Assam is in summer or winter but not during the monsoon season. You can enjoy the monsoon season that gives a clear view of the landscapes to make the most of your trip in cheerful, refreshing summers or cold but delightful winters.  If you are willing to add many more incredible pages to the book of your life, capturing the best of tourism in Assam and your visit to the place can be the best gig.

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Frequently Asked Questions About Assam

Q. Why is Assam famous?
A. Assam is famous for its tea gardens, beautiful landscapes, and rich wildlife. It is also known for its unique culture and the famous Bihu festival.

Q. What is the real name of Assam?
A.The real name of Assam is "Asom," which comes from the word "Ahom," the ancient kingdom that ruled the region.

Q. What is the religion language of Assam?
A.The main languages spoken in Assam are Assamese and Bengali. Many people also speak Hindi and English.

Q. How many states are in Assam?
A.Assam is a single state in India, so there are no separate states within Assam.

Q. Who is the first CM of Assam?
A.The first Chief Minister of Assam was Gopinath Bordoloi.

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