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Tezpur is an urban city in the Sonitpur district in the Indian state of Assam. It is located on the banks of river Brahmaputra and is one of the largest cities in Assam. Owing to its historical significance, this city attracts a great number of tourists every year. Some of the ancient places which are still very much intact even after the sad effects of time are the Mahabhairav Temple, the hill of Agnigarh, Nameri National Park and its outskirts, etc.

History of Tezpur

If the legends are to be believed then the original name of this place was ‘Xonitpur’. It is said that during the battle of Lord Krishna’s army and Lord Shiva, the army of Banasura, who was the disciple of Lord Krishna had fought to rescue Aniruddha from Lord Krishna's side, the great-grandson of Lord Krishna. It is said that there was too much bloodshed, so much so that the place was stained completely red owing to the battle marks.

Modern History of Tezpur 

The new age Tezpur was founded by the Britishers somewhere around the year 1835 as the headquarters of the Darrang district. During world war II, Tezpur had received a very large number of refugees who were fleeing from Burma.

Even after the independence of India, Tezpur had remained to be the headquarters of the Darrang district. After that, a major change in the history of Tezpur came during the Indo-China war which had happened in the year 1962, the army of China had moved inside Arunachal Pradesh. Seeing this, the town of Tezpur was evacuated. Even the jails had to be opened for releasing the prisoners. Then, sometime around 1983, a part of this particular district was carved out to create a separate place called Darrang. 

Places to Visit in and Around Tezpur

Agnigarh. A famous spot for the sightseers, Agnigarh is also referred to as a fire fort. The destination got this name as per the Hindu mythology. It is believed that this place remained covered with fire. This was done in order to stop the entry and exit of anyone, without proper authorization. The spot denotes the story of the romance of Prince Aniruddha and Princess Usha. The fort also has some relevance associated with the Hindu epic Mahabharata.

Also Read: Formerly known as Mandavya Nagar this town is also called ‘Chota Kashi’ for many ancient temples

Bhairabi Temple. Encircled in Tezpur, this temple is devoted to Goddess Bhairavi who is worshipped as one of the forms of  Goddess Durga. According to history, Usha, the daughter of Asura King Banasura used to come here regularly to worship Goddess Durga. Here one can find a bunch of small fascinating shops as well. To reach the temple you will have to tread a very long staircase.

Things to do in Tezpur

Visit Bura-Chapori Wildlife Sanctuary. The Bura-Chapori Wildlife Sanctuary is situated on the southern banks of Brahmaputra river in Sonitpur at an approximate distance of around 30 km. away from Tezpur. The sanctuary covers 44.06 sq. km. in area, where various plant species, animal species, exciting view of flora and fauna can be found.

Visit Nameri National Park. Placed on the foothills of the Himalayas, 35 km away from Tezpur, this national park covers an area of around 220 sq. km. From here one can even view the rare Himalayan species flora and fauna along with different species of mammals, a large population of elephants. People can also explore water sports activities here like river rafting, swimming, sunbathing, etc.

Events and Festivals in and Around Tezpur

Karam Puja. The Karam Puja is considered as one of the most sacred festivals of Assam. It is celebrated as a kind of thanksgiving to celebrate Mother Nature. Celebrated on Ekadashi, this festival falls sometime between the months of August and September. On the occasion of this festival, the Karam tree is worshipped and is represented as the God of youth and power. People seek blessings from the deity to reward them with abundance in their harvests.  

Ambubachi Festival. This festival is hosted in the Kamakhya Devi temple every year in the monsoon season. Celebrated for a period of four days, this festival, in its essence brings out the Tantric culture practiced in many parts of Assam. If the legend behind this festival is to be believed then, for the first three days of this festival, Goddess Kamakhya goes through a period of her menstrual cycle. 

Best Time to Visit Tezpur

One can visit this destination in summer as the temperature remains between 25 degrees Celsius and 35 degrees Celsius.

Famous Food and Clothing of Assam

The people in Assam are very hospitable. Especially, the culture of this place is really incredible to explore and discover. The women of this place wear a motif rich Mekhela Chador or the Riha Mekhela which gives an impression of a kind of skirt. The men here wear Suria, which can be also be called a dhoti in the local language. The men in Assam wear Dhoti and Gamosa which marks their full traditional dress. Fish, Chicken, Duck, Fish Curry, Dried Fish, Pork and Pigeon are some of the popular cuisines of Assam. Pitha, a sweet dish, is also very popular here which the Assamese people make from rice. 

How to Reach Tezpur

By Air. The Saloni Airport is the nearest airport from Tezpur, 15km away from the city. There are many flights that connect this place to nearby and major cities like Delhi, Pune, Bangalore, Mumbai, Kolkata, Hyderabad, etc. 

By Train. The overall connectivity by train to other nearby and major cities is quite good. You can easily reach Tezpur from cities like Delhi, Bengaluru, Pune, Mumbai, Kolkata. For traveling via train and depending upon your location you can consider taking Howrah Rajdhani Express, Guwahati Express, Brahmaputra Mail, Goa Express. 

By Road. Traveling to Tezpur via road would be an excellent option. The roads have very good connectivity to other cities like Delhi, Pune, Mumbai, Bangalore, Kolkata, and more. 

You can plan your trip and create your own route to the city with Adotrip’s technically driven circuit planner. Click here

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