Vishwakarma Jayanti is celebrated across India as the birth anniversary of the divine architect, who built palaces, cities, weapons, and vehicles for the Gods and Goddesses. Vishwakarma was the son of Lord Brahma and a God of architecture who is known to have made Dwarka city, wherein Lord Krishna along with his clan of Yadavas came from Mathura and settled forever.
The God of Architecture is worshipped all over India, but primarily in Odisha. Workers worship Lord Vishwakarma to increase their efficiency and productivity in the fields and factories.
The Puja is celebrated with a lot of religious customs and traditions which is surely a worthy experience for people. It is not an occasion to be missed at any cost as it is marked with many other celebrations and programs.
History of Vishwakarma Puja India
As per the ancient texts, the birth anniversary of Lord Vishwakarma is celebrated on the last day of Bhadra month. The puja is also known as Bhadra Sankranti in the eastern states of India. The same puja is also performed in the Magh month a day after Diwali in some northern states of India.
Legends state that the supreme architect Lord Vishwakarma was born out of Samudra Manthan, the great ocean churning that is one of the most significant events in the history of Hindu tradition.
As per the popular folklores, Lord Vishwakarma designed and created heaven, and ancient cities like Indraprastha, Hastinapur, and Lanka. One also finds his mention in the Rig Veda as the supreme carpenter, who is also the creator of Sthapatya Veda the science of architecture and mechanics. Vishwakarma festival is known as Biswakarma Puja in Odisha. The idol of Lord Vishwakarma carries a noose, a waterpot, craftsman’s tools, and the Vedas.
Another popular folklore related to Lord Vishwakarma is that he made the famous Jagannath Puri idols of Lord Krishna, Lord Balarama, and Goddess Subhadra.
As per the common belief, Lord Vishwakarma appeared as an old carpenter who claimed to make the beautiful idols of Lord Krishna and his siblings in closed premises. Lord Vishwakarma asked the king not to disturb him or enter the premises till the time his work gets completed. But the king lost his patience and opened the door after which Lord Vishwakarma vanished and since then the idols are worshipped in the same avatar as Lord Vishwakarma left them.
Vishwakarma Puja Vidhi
The idols and images of Lord Vishwakarma and his faithful animal, elephant are worshipped and kept in Pandals which are beautifully decorated by fruits, flowers, incense sticks and more. People chant mantras, praise Lord Vishwakarma, apply turmeric on the tools and machines, and on the next morning, the idol of Lord Vishwakarma is immersed in water.
It is mainly celebrated in workshops, factories, and industrial areas where the blessings of the God of architecture are of utmost significance. Popularly performed by labourers, artisans, craftsmen, mechanics, carpenters, welders, and all the people who use tools, machines to earn a living.
People worship Lord Vishwakarma to express their gratitude for the tools and machines and seek his blessings. This day people take a break from work and indulge in cleaning, oiling, and greasing their tools and machines so that they work to their full potential in the future.
How to Reach Bhubaneshwar for Vishwakarma Puja
Though the festival is celebrated in many parts of the country it is most largely celebrated in the state of Odisha. One can reach the capital city of the state which is very well-connected by air, rail, and road.
If you are planning to travel to Bhubaneshwar, Odisha by a car or bike then you have to cover a distance of approx. 1600km via NH 19, 1700km via NH 65 and NH 16, 450km via NH 16, and 1400km via NH 16 from Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, and Bengaluru respectively. Travelling by road will let you admire the beauty alongside the national highways and the simple yet serene village life.
Bhubaneshwar railway station is where you have to get down to explore the temple city of India and the popular Vishwakarma puja. The station is connected to super-fast trains from all the major metro cities of India. Passengers arriving from Delhi may consider travelling via Hirakud Express, or Nandan Kanan Express; from Mumbai, Konark Express; from Kolkata, Coromandal Express or Amravathi Express; and from Bengaluru, Duronto Express or Prasanthi Express. From the railway station, one may take a cab or bus to reach the desired location.
Biju Patnaik Airport is the name of the Bhubaneshwar airport. There are regular direct and connecting flights from all the major metro cities of India such as Delhi, Mumbai, Bengaluru, Kolkata and more. From the airport, one has to travel 6km to reach the main city Bhubaneshwar. One can take the locally available taxi or auto service to reach the desired location in the city. Vistara, IndiGo and Air India offer non-stop flights from Delhi to Bhubaneshwar; Go Air, Air India and IndiGo from Mumbai; Air Asia, IndiGo, Go Air and Air India from Kolkata; and IndiGo from Bengaluru. The average base price for one way travel is around Rs.4000 per person.