Mangalore is a major port city of the state of Karnataka in India. It is between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea and is some 353 km from the capital city of the state. It is the second-largest and smart city of the state after Bangalore which is the capital. It is known to be the gateway of Karnataka. The city became a part of the Arabian sea in ancient times and soon it became a major seaport of the nation. The major exports of coffee and cashew take place from the city only. It is one of the most multicultural cities in India.
Best Time to Visit Mangalore
The best time to visit Mangalore is between the months of September and April. Here the temperature does not exceed the limit of 30 degrees. Moreover, the humidity is also quite minimal making the overall weather to be quite pleasant.
History of Mangalore
The history of Mangalore can be traced to the 3rd century BC when it was ruled by the great Ashoka who was a Mauryan Emperor. Soon, it came in the rule of the Kadamba Dynasty and they ruled from 3rd to 6th century BC. The Kadambas made Banavasi, their capital which came under North Canara. Then, the Alupa Rulers ruled the entire South Canara region from the 7th to 14th century. They were also the feudal rulers and administered the other dynasties such as Chalukyas of Badami, Chalukyas of Kalyani, Hoysalas of Dwarasamudra, and Rashtrakutas of Manyakheta. It was also the time when the Tunisian Jewish merchant Abraham Ben Yiju traveled to India with the visit of the Middle East. In 1345, the region came into the hands of Vijayanagar rulers and ruled the region till 1550.
1498 BC, was the time when the famous Portuguese explorer entered the land of Mangalore while making his first visit to St Mary’s Island. Till the 16th century, the Portuguese made a great name in the commercial industry (with the opponent's Arab and Moplah trade) in Canara while maintaining a cordial relationship with Krishnadevarya (the then ruler). Portugues were in a cold war with Arab Trades and continued with that. However, Portugues won over Arab trade. Somehow during the ruling dynasty of Keladi. However, the Arabs Trade was ready to retaliate in 1695.
The Muslim ruler, Hyder Ali marked his existence and rule in the year 1763 and ruled till 1767. Then, it came under the ruling of the British East India Company (1767-1783). Also, there were several battles, agreement happened between both the opponents such as the first Anglo-Mysore War, second Anglo-Mysore War, third Anglo-Mysore War, and fourth Anglo-Mysore War. at the fourth Anglo-Mysore War, the region came under the control of the British.
Ibn Battuta travelled Mangalore
The famous Moroccan traveler, Ibn Battuta visited Mangalore in 1342 and named the region “Manjarur”. He mostly explained the natural beauty of Mangalore. He mentioned the Mangalore was located on an estuary that was also the largest in the Malabar region.
Ludovico di Varthema travelled Mangalore
Famous Italian traveler, Ludovico di Varthema also roamed around the city of Mangalore during 1506. Apart from mentioning the scenic beauty of Mangalore, he also stated the well-established sail industry wherein rice was the prominent article for the sail.
Major Attractions in and Around Mangalore
1. Kudroli Gokarnath Temple
Built by Sri Narayana Guru, the Kudroli Gokarnath Temple carries an amazing charm and spiritual significance. What is somewhat interesting to know about this place is the fact that Sri Narayan Guru himself was prohibited to visit any other temple in the area.
2. Panambur Beach
The beach is one of the most loved, pristine as well as one of the cleanest beaches in the city. And if you ever visit this place, then you will be in love with the clear blue skies, the damp sand. And perhaps the most interesting part about this festival would be the beach which holds a kite festival.
3. Kadri Manjunatha Temple
This temple was built in the year 1068 as a Buddhist landmark. The temple is situated at the base of Kadri Hills. And here the idol of reverence and the chief deity is Manjunatha.
4. Kadri Hill Park
This park is one of the largest parks situated within the city limits of Mangalore. This is just the ideal location for families who are looking for a place to spend quality time together.
5. Sultan’s Battery
Built-in the year 1784, the Sultan’s battery is considered to be the last remnant of the fierce as well as the majestic Tipu Sultan. This place was built specifically using black stones to obstruct warships from entering the river as this was one of the major routes which the Britishers used to enter the river.
6. St. Aloysius College Chapel
This church is situated in the very heart of the city and is also a significant part of St. Aloysius College. This church was built by Jesuit Missionaries in the year of 1880. Painted by an Italian Jesuit Antonio Mocsheni in the year 1899 this place has a stunning fresco present on its walls.
How to Reach Mangalore
To reach Mangalore, you will need to cover a total distance of about 2,183, 896, 2,186, 352 km from Indian cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, and Bengaluru respectively. Here are the details on how you can reach here by the following means of public transport.
The nearest airport is Mangalore International Airport which is well-connected with other major cities of India and overseas. The airport is served with renowned airline services AirIndia, Air India Express, Indigo, etc. From the airport, you will need to continue your journey via some means of public transportation.
From Gwalior - Board Spicejet flights from Gwalior Airport. The airfares start from INR 4,000-5,000
From Agra - Board Air India, IndiGo flights from Agra Airport. The airfares start from INR 7,000-8,000
From Dimapur - Board Air India, Spicejet flights from Dimapur Airport. The airfares start from INR 7,000-8,000
Here is a list of Indian cities from where flights are available to Mangalore
Deboard at the Mangalore Railway Station which sees frequent trains connecting to and fro via other Indian cities. The railway station is just a few kilometers away from the city center and once you deboard at the station, you will need to book a cab or some other means of public transport to reach here.
There are many state and private buses that connect the city of Mangalore with other neighboring cities. Traveling by bus is one of the cheapest ways to commute to Mangalore. However, depending upon your budget and comfort, you can also travel to this place by booking private cabs or self-drive here.
Q. What are the top tourist attractions in Mangalore?
A. The top tourist attractions in Mangalore include the Mangaladevi Temple, Kadri Manjunath Temple, St. Aloysius Chapel, Panambur Beach, and Ullal Beach.