Mangalore is a major port city of the state of Karnataka in India. It is between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea and is some 353 km from the capital city of the state. It is the second-largest and smart city of the state after Bangalore which is the capital. It is known to be the gateway of Karnataka. The city became a port of Arabian sea in ancient times and soon it became a major seaport of the nation. The major exports of coffee and cashew take place from the city only. It is one of the most multicultural cities in India.
The history of Mangalore can be traced from 3rd century BC when it was ruled by the great Ashoka who was a Mauryan Emperor. Soon, it came in the rule of the Kadamba Dynasty and they ruled from 3rd to 6th century BC. The Kadambas made Banavasi, their capital which came under North Canara. Then, the Alupa Rulers ruled the entire South Canara region from 7th to 14th century. They were also the feudal rulers and administered the other dynasties such as Chalukyas of Badami, Chalukyas of Kalyani, Hoysalas of Dwarasamudra and Rashtrakutas of Manyakheta. It was also the time when the Tunisian Jewish merchant Abraham Ben Yiju travelled to India with the visit of the Middle East. In 1345, the region came in the hands of Vijayanagar rulers and ruled the region till 1550.
1498 BC, was the time when the famous Portuguese explorer entered on the land of Mangalore while making his first visit at St Mary’s Island. Till the 16th century, the Portuguese made a great name in the commercial industry(with the opponent's Arab and Moplah trade) in Canara while maintaining a cordial relationship with Krishnadevarya(the-then ruler). Portugues were in cold-war with Arab Trades and continued with that. However, Portugues won over Arab trade. Somehow during the ruling dynasty of Keladi. However, the Arabs Trade was ready to retaliate in 1695
The Muslim ruler, Hyder Ali marked his existence and rule in the year of 1763 and ruled till 1767. Then, it came under the ruling of the British East India Company (1767-1783). Also, there were several battles, agreement happened between both the opponents such as first Anglo-Mysore War, second Anglo-Mysore War, third Anglo-Mysore War, and fourth Anglo-Mysore War. at the fourth Anglo-Mysore War, the region came under the control of the British.
The famous Moroccan traveller, Ibn Battuta visited Mangalore in 1342 and named the region “Manjarur”. He mostly explained the natural beauty of Mangalore. He mentioned the Mangalore was located on an estuary which was also the largest in the Malabar region.
Famous Italian traveller, Ludovico di Varthema also roamed around the city of Mangalore during 1506. Apart from mentioning the scenic beauty of Mangalore, he also stated the well-established sail industry wherein rice was the prominent article for the sail.
Kudroli Gokarnath Temple. Built by Sri Narayana Guru, the Kudroli Gokarnath Temple carries an amazing charm and spiritual significance. What is somewhat interesting to know about this place is the fact that Sri Narayan Guru himself was prohibited to visit any other temple in the area.
Panambur Beach. The Panambur beach is one of the most loved, pristine as well as one of the cleanest beaches in the city. And if you ever visit this place, then you will be in love with the clear blue skies, the damp sand. And perhaps the most interesting part about this festival would be the beach which holds a kite festival.
Kadri Manjunatha Temple. This temple was built in the year 1068 as a Buddhist landmark. The temple is situated at the base of the Kadri Hills. And here the idol of reverence and the chief deity is Manjunatha.
The Sultan’s Battery. Built-in the year of 1784, the Sultan’s battery is considered to be the last remnant of the fierce as well as the majestic Tipu Sultan. This place was built specifically using black stones to obstruct warships from entering the river as this was one of the major routes which the Britishers used to enter the river.
St. Aloysius College Chapel. This church is situated in the very heart of the city and is also a significant part of St. Aloysius College. This church was built by Jesuit Missionaries in the year of 1880. Painted by an Italian Jesuit Antonio Mocsheni in the year of 1899 this place a stunning fresco present on its walls.
Mangalore Dasara. Mangalore Dasara is celebrated with enthusiasm. It is organised by Kudroli Sri Gokarnanatheshwara temple. It is also considered as Vijayadashi or Navratri Festival.
The Aati Festival. Now, this is one of those festivals which is celebrated with great zeal in Mangalore. On this festival, there is an amazing ritualistic folk dance which is performed by the Nalke community.
Sri Krishna Janmashtami. The Sri Krishna Janmashtami in Mangalore witnesses a very invigorating enactment of Lord Krishna’s childhood playfulness such as his endeavours on stealing butter and curd from the earthen pots which were essentially kept beyond his reach. And purposefully for this enactment, the young men who form human pyramids to try reaching for the pot and then eventually break the pot.
The best time to visit Mangalore is from the months of September and April. Here the temperature does not exceed the limit of 30 degrees. Moreover, the humidity is also quite minimal making the overall weather to be quite pleasant.
By Air. The nearest airport is Mangalore International Airport which is well-connected with other major cities of India and overseas. The airport is served with renowned airline services AirIndia, Air India Express, Indigo etc.
By Train. The nearest railway is Mangalore Railway Station which serves with frequent trains including local and national. The railway station is just a few kilometres away from the city centre.
By Road. There are many state and private buses which connect the city of Mangalore with other main cities. Furthermore, travelling by bus will prove to be one of the cheapest ways to commute to Mangalore.
You can plan your trip and create your own route to the city with Adotrip’s technically driven circuit planner. Click here