Celebrated on the second lunar day of Shukla Paksha in the Kartika month, Bhai Dooj is quite similar to the festival of Raksha Bandhan. It is celebrated after Diwali and in Southern India, the festival of Bhai Dooj is known as Yama Dwitiya.
It is a festival that celebrates the relationship between a brother and sister who, when the time comes, turn into each other’s protectors. So, typically, on the day of the festival, the sisters pray for the longevity, prosperity, and well-being of their brothers.
It is believed that a sister putting tilak on her brother’s forehead ensures that he never comes across any kind of hardships and also gets protection from all kinds of deceit and hindrances in his life.
Also known as Bhai Teeka, Bhai Phota and Bhau Teej this festival is celebrated with great fervour in the Hindu community. On this day, married women invite their brothers to their in-laws' home to celebrate this festival. The sisters apply tika or tilak on the forehead of their brothers and wish for their prosperity and well-being.
Like any other festival, there are a couple of legends associated with Bhai Dooj as well. According to one such legend, Lord Krishna, after killing the demon king Narakasura, visited his sister, Goddess Subhadra's house where she welcomed him with much love.
For his warm welcome, she prepared special sweets and greeted him with flowers, She also applied tilak on his forehead as a symbol of victory in the battle against evil. Since then, the festival of Bhai Dooj came into being.
The second legend has it that the God of Death, Yama visited his sister Yami on the second day of the new moon. The happy sister then fed him delicious food and sweets. This moved Yama and in return, he gave her a precious gift, expressing his love for her.
Apart from that, he also announced that if a sister performs the rituals of aarti and tilak on their brother, they will have to fear death no more. And this came to be known as the festival of Yamadwitheya all across the ancient land, which is now observed as Bhai Dooj.
Another legend has been stated in Jainism according to which, when Mahavir, the founder of the religion, attained Nirvana and cut off from his family, at that time, his brother Nandivardhan was in great grief and was quite disturbed with his decision.
In this disturbing time, his sister Sudarshana came to his rescue and helped him recover and get back to normal life. This is one of the reasons why Bhai Dooj is celebrated in Jainism as well.
Bhai Dooj celebrations are quite similar to the festival of Raksha Bandhan. On this day, the sisters invite their brothers to their home to perform the ritual ceremony. They place a tika on their brother’s forehead which consists of vermillion, dahi, and rice. Then the sisters worship the hands of their brother by applying a paste of rice and sindoor.
After this, they place flowers of kaddu, beetle nut, and beetle leaves in the palm of their brothers while chanting mantras and pouring water on their palm. They then tie a kalawa for the well-being of their brother. A lamp is also lit which is put facing the south direction.
In return, the brothers shower their sisters with gifts, showcasing their affection for them. In case a girl doesn't have a brother then, they celebrate this occasion by offering their prayers and worshipping the Hindu God, Moon.
Haryana is apt for you if you are looking for exploring the culture and traditions of India. The state has good connectivity with Indian cities and is situated at a distance of around 125, 2,250, 1,624, 1,483 km from Delhi, Bengaluru, Kolkata, and Mumbai respectively. Check out some options to get to this beautiful Indian state to witness this even more beautiful festival.
By Air. One of the best options to reach Haryana is airways. The nearest airport is Indira Gandhi International Airport (DEL) which is spread over an area of around 5,106 acres and is located at an approximate distance of 15 km from New Delhi Railway Station.
Many airlines like Air India, GoAir, Air Asia operate to and fro Delhi from various Indian cities. If you are coming from abroad, then also IGI Airport is a good option for you as flights from across the globe provide their services here.
After you deboard at the airport, you can either take a cab, bus, metro or even a train to reach Haryana.
By Road. The state of Haryana has good overall road connectivity. Check out the routes you can take to reach Haryana via nearby cities.
Apart from travelling via a cab or your own vehicle you can opt for interstate buses as well.
By Train. The nearby and important railway stations from Haryana are Kalka, Ambala, Kurukshetra, Hissar, Panipat, Jakhal, etc. However, Rewari is considered to be the largest train junction in Haryana. Hence, taking a train to Haryana would be a good call as it will prove to be a hassle-free experience for you. Check out the various options you can choose from.
After that, you will need to cover the remaining distance by public transport options like a cab, auto, bus, etc. to reach your destination.
You can plan your trip and create your own route to the city with Adotrip’s technically driven circuit planner. Click here