If you are interested in history and curious to have a look inside the lives of the ancient civilizations, then you should visit Lothal as it is a place that ties past and present together. Around 85 kilometers away from Ahmedabad, Gujarat, situated on the banks of the Saraswati River, Lothal is one of the most popular Indus Valley sites and a 4,500 years old city that was discovered in 1954.
Though Lothal city is not as thriving as it used to be, the magic of the ancient ruins is still present and is enough to tell the colorful tales about the livelihood of the people who used to live here. This place is full of history lessons and full of surprises.
Not only a hub of industrialization adjoining different nations but Lothal was one of the earliest successful civilizations. Because of Lothals’s dramatic discovery and fascinating history, it is very famous amongst historians, archaeologists, and geological experts.
Best Time To Visit Lothal
Lothal is situated in Gujarat and hence, it is not a place to visit during summers. The best time to visit Lothal is during the winter season when the weather is nice and pleasant.
History Of Lothal
Boasting of rich and vibrant history, Lothan has been one of the most progressive and thriving cities in the world. It was discovered in 1955 by the excavation of land after the partition of India and Pakistan when Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro became part of Pakistan.
Believed to be a business hub, Lothal was connected with ancient civilizations like Mesopotamia, Persia, and Egypt. The beads made here and the prospering pottery industry of Lothal were popular all over the world. The highlight of Lothal was the exceptionally well-planned drainage system.
Major Attractions Of Lothal
1. Excavation Site
This site in Lothal will take you 4,500 years back and you can see the remains of the thriving city which it was once. The ruins of Lothal have historical significance and offer a great lesson in History.
Considered to be 4,500 years old, the well is quite a sight to see. 6.7 meters tall and 2.4 meters wide, the well is a steep whole used to collect fresh water. It was built using radical bricks and consists of a well-connected underground drainage system.
Specifically designed so that it could withstand the excess water flow, the dockyard in Lothal was built using fine burnt bricks. The splendid architecture of the dockyard and the tunnel opens up in the river to avoid water clogging. The water locking device is extraordinary and it was so grand that it could easily accommodate 90 huge ships at a time.
The chief of the city used to live at Citadel which is also known as Acropolis. The houses at the citadel were carefully built on a 3-meter high platform and were provided with all the facilities like an underground den, a private well, and paved paths.
One of the most important structures in Lothal is the warehouse. It was used to store a huge amount of objects and hence they were constructed perfectly. It was constructed near the citadel so that the chief could supervise the construction work. The warehouse was constructed by using mud bricks on a 3.5 meters high podium.
How To Reach Lothal
Lothal is located 78 kilometers away from the city of Ahmedabad which is very well-connected with other major cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, etc.
The nearest railhead to reach Lothal is in Bhurkhi which is well-connected with other cities in Gujarat and is only 8 kilometers away from the destination. To cover the remaining distance, local buses and cabs are available just outside the Bhurkhi railway station.
Lothal is well-connected with cities like Ahmedabad and Mumbai that are 78 kilometers and 521 kilometers away from the ancient city respectively. One can reach by their own car or by renting a taxi.
Travel Tip - Don’t forget to carry sunscreen, a hat, and sunglasses as it can get really sunny in the afternoons even during winters.