Embark on a captivating voyage as we delve into the rich heritage and architectural marvels that adorn the capital city of India. Delhi, a city steeped in history, boasts a magnificent collection of forts that witness the region's illustrious past.
As you look forward to exploring Mughal Forts in Delhi, you will see some beautiful masterpieces from the Mughal era. From the mighty red sandstone walls of the imposing Red Fort to the regal splendour of the lesser-known Tughlaqabad Fort, each fortress has a story to tell.
Prepare to be enthralled as we unravel the secrets and legends surrounding Delhi's ancient forts, showcasing their architectural brilliance and significance in shaping Delhi's history. So, fasten your seatbelts, history enthusiasts and adventure seekers, as we embark on this immersive journey through historical forts in Delhi, stepping back in time to witness the grandeur of India's glorious past.
Here presenting a curated list of the most renowned forts in Delhi, where history comes alive:
Qila Rai Pithora, also called Rai Pithora Fort, is the oldest surviving stronghold in the capital city. Its historical significance can be traced back to AD 1160 when the Chauhan rulers seized control of Delhi from the Tomars. Initially, Lal Kot, considered the earliest urban settlement in the region, was captured by the Chauhans. The renowned Rajput king, Prithviraj Chauhan, enlarged the 8th-century Lal Kot and bestowed the new name of Qila Rai Pithora.
Even today, remnants of the fort walls can be found in various locations, including Saket, Qutub Complex, Vasant Kunj, and Kishangarh, serving as a testament to its former grandeur.
For approximately two centuries, the majestic Red Fort in Delhi served as the illustrious abode of the formidable Mughal emperors until its capture by the British in 1857. Beyond its status as a testament to the grandeur of the Mughal era, the Red Fort has stood resilient through tumultuous times, witnessing and playing a pivotal role in the historical events that laid the foundation of modern India.
Its significance is so profound that in 2007, UNESCO gave it the prestigious title of a World Heritage Site, acknowledging its historical and cultural importance. Count the Red Fort if you want to explore Mughal Forts in Delhi. You are transported back in time, immersed in the opulence and architectural brilliance that defined the Mughal reign.
Often referred to as the Ruined Fort, Tughlaqabad Fort symbolises strength for the Tughlaq dynasty. Tughlaqabad Fort exemplifies the magnificence of pure Islamic architecture, embellished with a touch of Sultana's finesse. From its towering walls to intricate domes and masterful carvings, every detail of the fort showcases remarkable craftsmanship.
Despite its grandeur, Tughlaqabad Fort faced the unfortunate fate of abandonment shortly after its completion. Numerous tales circulate, attributing its desolation to curses and hauntings that supposedly haunt the premises.
Constructed in 1546 by Islam Shah Suri, the successor of Sher Shah Suri, this fort came into being when the Yamuna River still had islands dotting its course. Fascinatingly, in 1622, Jehangir connected it to the Red Fort via an island, only to have the British later lay a railway line through it. Over time, this fort underwent a transformative journey and eventually served as a prison for Indian revolutionaries. Today, it is recognised as the Swatantara Senani Smarak, a UNESCO-protected site.
Ranked among the most prominent forts near Delhi, this architectural marvel features a beautiful triangular shape, and bears influences from the Mughal, Timurid, and Persian styles.
According to legends passed down through generations, Alauddin Khilji, the ruler of the time, ordered the burial of the heads of 8000 Mongol soldiers within the foundations of this fort. It is from this act that the fort derived its name - Siri. The term "Siri" originates from the word "sir," meaning "head" in English. Siri Fort once stood as a fortified city, serving as the central power hub for the Khilji dynasty.
Within the premises of Siri Fort, one can find the remnants of the Palace of a Thousand Pillars, a testament to the grandeur and opulence of the time. The fort was also known for its seven gates, each opening towards different parts of the city.
In the mid-14th century, Feroz Shah Tughlaq created this fort next to the Yamuna River. Among the notable features added by the sultan was the renowned Topra Ashokan Pillar, a colossal structure weighing 23 tons and dating back to the 3rd century BC.
The mosque, surrounded by a spacious courtyard, once housed a prayer hall now in ruins, though still echoing tales of past devotion. Unfortunately, the circular baoli, positioned northwest of the Ashokan Pillar, remains in a state of disrepair and is currently locked by the authorities.
Zafar Mahal, standing as a poignant reminder of the glorious Mughal era and the enchanting charm of a bygone era, emerges as one of the most beautiful forts in Delhi.
Although now in ruins, Zafar Mahal still showcases the remnants of its past splendour. The red sandstone and marble pillars, grand arched windows, and intricately filigreed ceilings (known as Chajjas) mesmerise visitors, transporting them back in time. It is on this terrace that the tomb of Alauddin and the pristine Moti Masjid reside, adding a touch of serenity to the surroundings.
Unveiling its rich historical tapestry, Delhi extends beyond its magnificent forts to encompass a plethora of tombs, temples, and structures brimming with historical significance. When planning your next business trip to Delhi, consider extending your stay, for there is much to discover and explore within the city's vibrant tapestry of heritage.
As you plan your stay, allocate ample time to immerse yourself in its historical forts in Delhi. Unearth the stories embedded within the city's monuments, temples, and structures, and let the enchanting tales of Delhi's ancient forts captivate your senses. At Adotrip, we plan the best vacation for you!
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Q. What are some famous forts in Delhi?
A. Rich historical past, and several famous forts in Delhi showcase its architectural and cultural heritage. Some famous forts in Delhi are Red Fort, Qila Rai Pithora, Tughlaqabad Fort, Salimgarh Fort, and many more.
Q. Where can I find the oldest fort in Delhi?
A. The oldest fort in Delhi is the Qila Rai Pithora, also known as the Mehrauli Iron Pillar, located in the Mehrauli area of South Delhi. It dates back to the 10th century and is associated with the Tomara dynasty.
Q. How can I reach the Red Fort in Delhi?
A. The Red Fort (Lal Qila) in Delhi is located in the Old Delhi area, specifically in the Chandni Chowk neighbourhood. It is easily accessible by different modes of transportation, including metro, buses, and taxis.
Q. Are there any guided tours available for forts in Delhi?
A. Yes, Delhi has guided tours for forts, including the Red Fort. These tours are often conducted by professional tour operators or guides who provide insights into the forts' historical significance and architectural features. Feel free to reach any Delhi Fort Tourism for your help.
Q. What is the historical significance of the Tughlaqabad Fort in Delhi?
A. Tughlaqabad Fort in Delhi holds great historical significance as it was built by the founder of the Tughlaq dynasty, Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq. It served as the capital of the Tughlaq dynasty and showcased the architectural style of that era.
Q. Are there any architectural marvels or unique features in the forts of Delhi?
A. The forts in Delhi, including the Red Fort and Tughlaqabad Fort, exhibit architectural marvels and unique features. They showcase a blend of various architectural styles, including Mughal, Indo-Islamic, and Rajput influences. Some notable features include intricate carvings, ornate gateways, majestic palaces, and impressive fortifications.
Q. Can I explore the interiors of the forts in Delhi?
A. Yes, visitors can explore the interiors of forts in Delhi. However, particular areas within the defences may be restricted from public access due to preservation efforts or ongoing restoration work. Generally, visitors can explore the main structures, palaces, museums, and other designated areas within the forts.
Q. What are some nearby attractions near the forts in Delhi?
A. There are several nearby attractions near the forts in Delhi. Some notable ones include Jama Masjid, Chandni Chowk, Humayun's Tomb, India Gate, Qutub Minar, and the Lotus Temple.
Q. Are there any accommodation options available near the forts in Delhi?
A. Delhi offers a wide range of accommodation options near the forts. Numerous hotels, guesthouses, and budget accommodations are available in various parts of the city to suit different preferences and budgets.
Q. Are there any specific safety precautions I should take while visiting the forts in Delhi?
A. While visiting the historical forts in Delhi, it is advisable to take some safety precautions. These include keeping your belongings secure, following any instructions or guidelines provided by authorities, staying hydrated, and being mindful of your surroundings. Dressing comfortably and wearing appropriate footwear for exploring the fort premises are also recommended.