The wealthiest state in India, Maharashtra is the third-largest in size and second-largest in population. It is situated in the western part of the country - the Deccan. The capital of Maharashtra is Mumbai, also known as India's financial capital. Satara port town in Maharashtra has always been the hub of trade and commercial activities. Dandakaranya is known to be the epic name of the state, while the name Maharashtra was found in the records of the Chinese traveller Huen Tsang in his inscription belonging to the 7th Century. Keep reading to know more information about Maharashtra in this article:

History of Maharashtra

The archaeological pieces of evidence show that the history of Maharashtra dates back to the 3rd century BC. An excavation survey conducted in 1958 suggests Daimabad, a site in Ahmednagar district of Maharashtra belonging to the Harappan civilisation. The Vatakas, Rashtrkutas, Chalukyas, and Yadavas had a few Hindu dynasties that reigned the Marathwada and Vidarbha regions. In 1296 AD,  Ala-ud-din Khalji invaded the Deccan region by defeating the Yadavas. Then came the Tughlaq Dynasty, who reigned till 1347 AD and extended the empire till Madurai, followed by the Bahmani Sultanate of Bijapur, who ruled the region for 150 years. By the year 1674, the Bijapur Sultanate had taken control of the Maratha Empire, which was led by the legendary Chhatrapati Shivaji. After he died in 1680, his two sons, Shambhaji and Rajaram, ruled the Maratha Empire. 

From 1712 to 1804, the Peshwa Dynasty took the Maratha Kingdom. During their reign, the region was basking in glory until the three Anglo-Maratha wars when the Peshwas succumbed to British tyranny, which marked the beginning of the British Era in India. The region was governed by the Bombay Presidency in 1848 and 1853, which included most parts of northern Deccan until India gained independence in 1947. The state underwent plenty of political overhauling, and in 1960, the Bombay Reorganization Act was passed, and it emerged as the modern state of Maharashtra. This year remains a hallmark in the history of Maharashtra.

Read More : Tourist Places In Maharashtra

Culture of Maharashtra

Maratha rulers left behind grandeur and verve that enriches the state's cultural heritage.  Maharashtra culture and traditions include various cultural affiliations that blend to live harmoniously in the land of prosperity. Maharashtra is divided into small regions and each region is diverse in the form of dialects, folk songs, food, and ethnicity. Maharashtra is a melting pot of different races, traditions, and classes. The engaging traditions of Waghya Murali, Potraj, Vasudev, and Gondhali communities have kept their unique cultures and vibrant art alive, adding charm to the state's cultural vibrancy. 

Hindus, Muslims, Jews, Buddhists, Zoroastrians (Parsis and Iranians), Christians, and Sikhs live peacefully in the state. At the same time, the Deccan plateau of Maharashtra is home to tribal communities such as Bhils, Mahadeo, Kolis, Gonds, and Warlis that co-exist peacefully and follow their lifestyles and traditions. It’s no doubt that Maharashtrian culture is simply amazing!  83% of the Maharashtrians are Hindus. However, there has been a prevailing sense of secularism in the state that embraces other religions with great respect and diversity inclusion. Maharashtrians are amiable and cordial and treat outsiders with love and gratitude. Marathi is the regional language of the state, and there are 38 other languages spoken by Adivasis, tribals, nomadic tribes, and denotified communities making it one of the most linguistically wealthy states of India. Keep scrolling down to get your eyes on more Mahashtra information that is both colourful and surprising. 

Read More : Festivals Of Maharashtra

Art and Handicraft of Maharashtra

Maharashtra is one of the leading cotton-producing states in the country, and its rich culture and heritage are rooted in myriad traditions and art forms that have been preserved over the centuries. Once used to make clothes for nobles, Mashru and Himroo fabrics owe the opulence to the use of gold and silver threads for weaving that has originated from the Aurangabad district in the Marathwada region. Sawantwadi crafts are lacquer crafts used to craft lacquered furniture and light fittings, which are famous in the international market. Paithani pure silk woven sarees are expensive and worn at marriages and festivals. Narayan Peth saris, woven from cotton and silk, have been a part of Maharashtra’s culture since 200 BCE. Warli, a tribal art form, are mural paintings from 2000 BCE. Bidri ware is an ancient craft from Aurangabad that involves intricate workmanship of pure silver. Kolhapuri chappals are famous handmade slippers made of buffalo hide. Traditional jewellery - Kolhapuri Saaj (a necklace) and Nath (a nose ring) are made of pure gold and were worn by the royals of the Maratha and Peshwa kingdoms. Vivacious folk and traditional dance forms and music represent the vibrant Marathi culture. Lavani is a traditional dance form, Tamasha is the most popular form of folk theatre, Koli dance is performed by the fishermen community, and Natya Sangeet is 200 years 200-year-old traditional art form of Maharashtra. The state is famous for the Hindi film industry, and it is a land of avant-garde artists.

Food of Maharashtra

The mildly spicy cuisine of Maharashtra is delectable and has a distinctive flavour. Maharashtrian cuisine is trendy, from subtly flavoured vegetarian delicacies to hot, aromatic meat and fish curries. Sweet savouries are usually prepared from rice and jaggery. The state's staples include wheat, rice, Jawar, Bajra, vegetables, lentils, seasonal fruits, and vegetables. Peanuts, Kokum, Amsul, tamarind, raw mango, and coconut are unique ingredients widely used in dishes. Pithla Bhakri, Sol Kadhi, Kothimbir Vadi, Aluvadi, Mix Veg Kolhapuri, Sabudana Vada and khichdi, Pohe, Batata Bhaji, Amti, Taambda Rassa, Pandhra Rassa, Bharli Vangi are some of the traditional dishes from Maharashtrian households that are unique in flavour. Modak, Puran Poli, Shrikhand, and Amrakhand are famous sweet servings with subtle and mild tastes. Misal Pav, Vada Pav, Pav Bhaji, and Ragda Pattice are a few of the famous street foods of the state. Maharashtrian food is blended with flavours, packed with nutrition, and served with love. 

Places To Visit In Maharashtra

The dream city of India, Maharashtra, makes people dream bigger and turns magical dreams into reality with its rich heritage. With many monuments, heritage sites, and natural wonders, it offers the following things that visitors must do here.

  • Delve into the beauty of Ajanta and Ellora caves
  • Experience paragliding at Panchgani hills
  • Relax at these best beaches in Maharashtra
  • Try waterfall rappelling in Vihigaon
  • Witness the heights of Lonavala
  • Be a pilgrim to Shirdi, the land of Sai
  • Step inside the twin of the Taj at Aurangabad
  • Pay a visit to Igatpuri and enjoy the serenity

How to Reach Maharashtra 

Maharashtra, India's largest state, has multiple airbases, railway networks, road networks, and seaports. You can choose one of the transport modes or a combination of both at your convenience. Below is the comprehensive guide on how to reach Maharashtra: 

By Air

Maharashtra features 30 operational airports, making it the state with the highest number of airports in India. The major airports include 

  • Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport in Mumbai
  • Pune International Airport in Pune
  • Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar International Airport in Nagpur. 

You can choose the airport depending on your destination and book a cab or hire a taxi upon arrival for further travel. 

By Train. 

Maharashtra is the largest state of India and has over 1200 operational railway stations. The main railway stations include: 

  • Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus 

  • Mumbai Central
  • Dadar
  • Nagpur Junction
  • Lokmanya Tilak Terminus
  • Thane
  • Pune Junction
  • Kalyan Junction
  • Solapur Junction 
  • Nashik Road

You can select the railway stations or a combination according to your end destination. Upon arrival, you can hire a taxi or book a cab for further travel. 

Read More : Historical Forts In Maharashtra 

By Road.

Maharashtra is well-connected with several National Highways linked with major cities and regions in India. 

National Highways in Maharashtra connecting cities within the state:

  • NH 48 Connecting Mumbai to Pune
  • NH 61 Connecting Mumbai to Nashik 

National Highways in Maharashtra connecting with major cities in India: 

  • NH 53 Connecting Nagpur with Surat
  • NH 66 Connecting Mumbai with Goa
  • NH 48 Connecting Mumbai with Delhi via Nashik, Dhule, and Indore
  • NH 65 Connecting Pune with Hyderabad via Solapur
  • NH 48 Connecting Mumbai with Punjab via Nashik, Dhule, Indore, Jaipur, Delhi, Ambala, and Jalandhar
  • NH 48 Connecting Mumbai with Bangalore via Pune, Satara, Kolhapur, Belgaum, and Hubli 

By Water. 

Maharashtra is a coastal state featuring several seaports to facilitate water transportation. You can reach via cruise ships, ferries, and inland waterways. The major seaports in Maharashtra include Mumbai Port, Jawaharlal Nehru Port, and Mormugao Port. 

A culturally vibrant state basking in the glory of rich history, Maharashtra is the pride of India. The  Deccan Queen is a special train that winds its way through the jagged hills and verdant countryside of Maharashtra, making it one of the most enthralling experiences one can ever enjoy while in India. Some of the most alluring tourist destinations in Maharashtra such as Marine Drive in Mumbai, Shanivar Vada in Pune, Ajanta-Ellora Caves in Aurangabad, Lonar Lake, Matheran, The Elephanta Caves, Khandala, Lonavala, and many more are famous all over the world.

Why wait any further? Let us get on an exciting journey to explore this culturally-rich state to the depths! Book now with and experience services like no other! 

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Frequently Asked Questions About Maharashtra 

Ques 1. What is special about Maharashtra?
Ans 1.
Maharashtra is the 3rd largest and most populated state in India with a delightful blend of various religions. 

Ques 2. What is Maharashtra known as?
Ans 2.
Maharashtra is known as the Gateway of India. This state played a very crucial role in the country’s social and political life. 

Ques 3. What is Maharashtra culture? 
Ans 3.
Maharashtra culture is a vibrant blend of traditional customs, art forms, delicious cuisine, and festivals. 

Ques 4. What is the main festival of Maharashtra?
Ans 4.
Ganesh Chaturthi is the main festival of Maharashtra celebrated with immense passion and fervour. 

Ques 5. Which is the best time to visit Maharashtra? 
Ans 5.
The best time to visit Maharashtra is during the winter months: From October to February. 

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