Did you know that Goa was not always a part of independent India? Yes, it became an Indian state after it got liberated in 1961. It is said that the whole military operation took around three days to successfully do the job well and right.
And, in honor of that historic event only, the Goa Liberation Day is celebrated. It was a point in Indian history that made our nation completely free from the foreign rule that had lasted for a couple of centuries till then.
History of Goa Liberation Day
It was following the success of Operation Vijay, that Goa was finally relieved from foreign rule. Considered as one of the most significant historic events in Goa’s history before and post-independence this military operation had brought a complete end to the long dominion of the Portuguese rule.
Even after the independence of India from British Rule, Goa still remained under the Portuguese. However, looking back to history we get to know that the Portuguese were not quite ready to free Goa and let it assimilate with the Union of Independent India. Though there were many requests made by our government to the Portuguese empire regarding this issue, every single one of them went unheard.
Thus, the government decided to take some concrete steps in this direction. So, towards the end of 1961, Indian Armed Forces were deployed within the Portuguese occupied boundaries. During this time there were also many rumors which claimed that the Portuguese have supersonic interceptors and air-force on stand-by to defeat the Indian army, but in the end, it was the Indian side that won. It is said that on December 17, 1961 close to 30,000 Indian ground troops successfully conquered the Portuguese navy amounting to 3,000 men which led to the formal closure of the issue and merger of Goa to the Union of India.
Major Attractions of Goa Liberation Day 2023
Celebrated on December 19 on an annual basis, Goa Liberation Day is quite an event to be a part of. On this day, there are torchlight processions that majorly start from three points meeting at the Azad Maidan where everyone pays their tribute to the martyrs. And this customary procession is then followed by a program Sugam Sangeet which also marks the culminating event of the whole day.
How to Reach Goa for Goa Independence Day
Goa is quite a fun place to visit and explore around. And festivals and events like Goa independence day makes travelling to Goa all the more fun. This is mainly due to the cultural value which this event has to offer. Goa is located at an approximate distance of 1,875, 585, 2,200, 582 km from Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, and Bengaluru. Let’s discuss how you can reach Goa via the following routes.
You can easily take a flight to Goa from different Indian cities. Dabolim Airport (GOI), also known as the Goa International Airport is the major aerodrome serving the state of Goa. This airport is particularly operated by the Airport Authority of India primarily as a Civil Enclave in a military airbase that is named INS Hansa.
Various airlines like Air India, IndiGo, Go Air, Vistara operates to and fro this airport from cities like Delhi, Agra, Jaipur, and many others at affordable pricing.
After getting off at the airport, you will need to travel the remaining distance by cab or some other means of local transportation. Goa has very extensive public transportation like buses, cabs which connect the towns and villages within the geographical boundaries of Goa fairly well. Thus, travelling within Goa would be quite a hassle-free experience for you.
Goa can be travelled via well-maintained road networks. Here is the route you can easily follow from different cities to reach here.
Nashik - 660 km via NH60 or NH48
Belgaum - 103 km via SH31 or SH4
Aurangabad - 678 km via NH48 or NH52
Ratnagiri - 239 km via NH66
You can also depend upon the interstate buses to reach here. Kadamba Transport Corporation - Govt. of Goa provides reliable and punctual bus services to and fro nearby regions.
Goa has mainly two major railway stations namely Margao and Vasco da Gama. Both of these train stations are located in the southern area of Goa.
However, the Madgaon Railway Station is considered to be the primary train station. This station falls under the Karwar Railway Region of the Konkan Railways in Goa. One of the highlighting features of this station is that it has free Wi-Fi connectivity.
Here is how you can reach Goa via train:
Delhi - Goa Express from Hazrat Nizammudin Station
Pune - Goa Express from Pune Junction
Ahmedabad - VRL TVC Express from Ahemadabad Junction
Bengaluru - YPR VSG Express from Yesvantpur Junction
After you deboard at the station, you can easily take public transportation like a cab or a bus to travel to your desired destination.