The construction of this fort was way ahead of its time as it still manages to amaze the tourists and how! Thanks to its ingenious architecture that leaves people jaw-dropped even after 6 centuries! The Golconda fort or ‘Mankal’ which is its historic name, was built on a hilltop in the year 1143 and is spread in an area of 11 kilometres. Although the fort was built by a ruler of the Kakatiya dynasty, altered by the Bahamian kings, yet it is associated majorly with the Qutub Shahi dynasty and its rulers! The fort was expanded, and went through modifications on elementary and advanced levels and was upgraded to the stature of an architectural plus acoustic wonder under the Qutub rulers.
It is intriguing to know that this fort was rebuilt and also strengthened by Rani Rudrama Devi and her successor who was Prataparudra. After her rule, this fort came under the kingship of Musunuri Nayaks. It was them, who had defeated the army of Tughlaqs who were occupying the city of Warangal. Then after this event, it was ceded by Musunuri Kakaya Bhupathi as a part of the treaty somewhere around the year of 1364 which was under the Bahmani Sultanate.
And under the Bahmani Sultanate, Golconda saw its, although a little slow, but a significant rise. During 1487-1543, this place was established by the Sultan Quli Qutb Ul-Mulk as his providential seat. Even a massive fortification of granite was also built around an area of 5km to have a powerful grip over the security aspect of this place. And it was in the year of 1687, that this fort saw its final ruin by the hands of the Mughal ruler, Aurangzeb.
It is said that that the Golconda Fort used to have a specific vault. In this vault was stored the much famous and revered diamond 'Koh-i-Noor' along with many other pieces of significant jewellery. Furthermore, Golconda has always been looked upon as a renowned place for the amazing quality of its diamonds. Yes, even the hub for its diamond mines is located in Kollur, in the Guntur district which is quite nearby.
Initially, during the reign of Kakatiya kings, the fort was known as a mud fort, as it was made using the mud, later it underwent some more modifications by the Bahamian rulers. After the Bahamian rulers, came in the Qutub rulers who used granite for the expansion of the fort and made many architectural and aesthetic changes. The intricately carved walls, reminisces of Mughal art, majestic premises, and acoustic intelligence and engineering is a marvel to cherish for the millennials and generations ahead of them!
Apart from that, the fort also has a water reservoir which would collect the rainwater and would supply it throughout the year. There are 8 entry gates in the fort and a few most popular ones amongst them are the Fateh Darwaza, Eastern Gate and Balahisar Darwaza. The walls of the fort and the gates are also drenched in Mughal art which looks simply intriguing and mesmerizing.
The fort has made it to the list of the best acoustic wonders of the world for its intelligent construction based on scientific calculations. During the visit to the fort, you will see many tourists clapping at a specific place in the fort and tumbling a piece of cloth, which is only to experience the life in old times and appreciate the creation. The architecture of the fort is such that the sound travels as far as a kilometer, which in those days, was used to alert the kings in situations of an attack. If you clap at the entry gate of the fort it will get heard at the highest hall of the fort. Another place in the fort is a hall where if we tumble a piece of cloth the sound of it would echo.
It's ironical that the fort which was known for its reliable security system failed to protect itself from the traitors in its own premises. It’s hard to believe that this accurate and reliable security system was the reason for its destruction! As per the historians, the army of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb bribed the security guards and asked them not to alert the king when they will proceed towards the fort for an attack and the plan went well! Aurangzeb successfully captured the Golconda fort and he then destroyed it so that no other ruler would rule that kingdom ever after!
Mahakali Mandir. It is said that this temple dates back to 190 years in the past. A great number of tourists can be seen visiting this temple for receiving the blessings of Goddess Mahakali. And in particular, during the time of Ashada Jathara, this place sees a footfall of literally lakhs of devotees. It is indeed quite a spectacle to watch the traditional rituals take place here.
Naya Quila - Naya Quila is fundamentally an extended portion of Golconda Fort. It was built by the Sultan Abdullah Qutb Shah. Furthermore, this part of the fort contains a great number of historic structures of many strange figures and animals. if you visit this part of the ruins then it will surely intrigue your curiosity.
Qutub Shahi Tomb. Located in the Ibrahim Bagh, these tombs are situated near Golconda Fort. These tombs mainly consist of buildings, mosques built by the various kings of the Qutb Shahi Dynasty. The galleries in smaller tombs are single-storeyed whereas the larger ones are two-storeyed.
Aziz Bagh. Being a historic residence in Hyderabad, this place is owned by a scholar and civil servant by the name of Hasanuddin Ahmed. It was built in the year of 1899 by the Persian and Urdu Poet Aziz Jung Bahadur. And then in the year of 1997, it was also given a cultural heritage award by INTACH, the Indian National Trust For Art And Cultural Heritage.
The best time to visit Golconda Fort would be during the evening hours when the weather is nice and calm. However, this place is open all seven days of the week. For Indians, the entry fee is Rs.15 whereas for tourists the fee is Rs.200
By Air: Hyderabad airport is the nearest airport from Golconda Fort. From here, it would take you around 33 minutes to reach this place by cab. Hyderabad is well-connected to other major cities such as Delhi, Pune, Mumbai, Kolkata. It would take you a maximum timeframe of around 2-3 hours at the max to reach Hyderabad from these cities via a flight. However, the time limit can vary depending upon your location.
By Rail: Hyderabad has good overall connectivity via railway networks. It has three main railway stations namely Hyderabad Railway Station, Secunderabad Railway Station, and Kochiguda Railway Station. It has good rail connectivity via major cities such as Delhi, Pune, Kolkata, Mumbai, etc. And it would take you an approximate time limit of 22 hours, 15 hours, 24 hours and 15 hours respectively to reach Hyderabad via train route.
By Road: One can also take a bus from Shivamogga Bus Terminal till Qutb Shahi tombs Bus Stand or if you have your own vehicle then it would be a convenient experience for you to reach Golconda Fort via major cities such as Delhi, Pune, Mumbai, Kolkata, etc. Hyderabad is situated at a distance of around 1,586km, 600km, 700km, 1,500km approximately from these cities.
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