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Lord Shiva is popularly known as the destroyer in the Hindu mythological texts but the most intriguing thing about the God is that he is extremely dear to Hindu Devotees.

People love and worship Lord Shiva across the globe on various occasions, but the most significant among them is considered to be Maha Shivratri. Although Maha Shivratri is celebrated across the country, the celebrations in the Varanasi region of Uttar Pradesh are distinct and holds a lot more importance.

History of Maha Shivratri, Uttar Pradesh 

According to ancient Hindu texts at the time of Samudra Manthan a pot of poison came out and both the Devas and Asuras got terrified because the poison was powerful enough to destroy the whole world.

Also Read: A one day sikh festival that is celebrated to pay respect to Sikh Gurus and display the courage and warrior skill s of Sikh Community

So, they went to Lord Shiva for a solution to this and a plea to save the world. Lord Shiva, then drank the entire pot and kept it in his throat as a result of which his throat turned blue in color. Post this incident, he was referred to as Neelkanth, the one with a blue throat.

Maha Shivratri commemorates this highly prominent incident of Hindu mythology and is an occasion for all the devotees to express their gratitude, love, and respect towards Lord Shiva.

People in North India also celebrate this auspicious day as the wedding anniversary of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. Local people also carry out Baraat 'groom's wedding procession' in the evening which is known as 'bhole ki baraat'.    

According to another popular story, Goddess Parvati asked Lord Shiva, which ritual performed by his devotees pleases him the most? To this Lord Shiva replied, the ritual worship that is performed on the 14th day of Phagun month impresses him the most, which we know as Maha Shivaratri.

Major Attractions of Maha Shivratri Celebration in India 

Shivalinga Abhisheka. The idols of Shivlinga are honoured with flowers, honey, milk and curd which is in itself a magnificent scenario at all the Shiva temples across the country.

Maha Shivratri Fast. People keep fast for the entire day. Everyone eats only sweet dishes made of coconut and other items eligible for fasts. The offerings take place the entire day and night and devotees do it selflessly in order to impress their beloved Lord.

Decorated Shiva Temples and Sacred Processions. All the temples of Lord Shiva are beautifully decorated, and a procession is carried out in the city showcasing the story of the marriage of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati.

Maha Shivratri 2020 Date, Puja Muhurta and Puja Rituals

This year, in 2020, Maha Shivratri will be celebrated on February 21. The best muhurta to perform the puja and rituals is from 12:09 am to 1 am of Feb 22.    

How to Reach

Maha Shivratri celebration in Varanasi is worth experiencing at least in a lifetime. The entire city gets decorated and its temples are packed by devotees who indulge in performing prayers, rituals, and ceremonies to impress Lord Shiva and seek his blessings. You too can witness the mysticism and magnificence of the event by arriving here via airways, railways or roadways. You can consider the below-mentioned travel modes and routes if planning a visit to Varanasi. 

By Road. The city has a well-developed road network that connects it with metro cities and other nearby cities and states. You may either get on inter-state tourist buses to reach Varanasi or may drive to the city in your personal vehicle. Listed below is the estimate of distance in kilometers and the best route to take from nearby places.

  1. Delhi - 850 km via Agra-Lucknow Expressway 
  2. Lucknow - 320 km via Piro Jagdishpur Road and NH 19  
  3. Kanpur - 330 km via NH 19
  4. Prayagraj - 121 km via NH 19 
  5. Patna - 250 km via Arrah Mohania Road  

By Rail. Varanasi Junction railway station is where you must deboard the train in order to explore the city and witness its festivals. Trains from all parts of the country arrive here hence you can consider rail journey if looking for a comfortable and budget-friendly travel option. The following are some popular trains on which you may reserve seats to reach Varanasi. 

  1. Delhi - Swatantra Express, Shiv Ganga Express, Farakka Express  
  2. Prayagraj - Vibhuti Express, Mahamana Express, Gorakhpur Express 
  3. Gorakhpur - Chaurichaura Express
  4. Mumbai - Darbhanga Express, Mahanagri Express, Kamayani Express  
  5. Patna - Shramjeevi Express, Budh Purnima Express, Secunderabad Express
  6. Kolkata - Poorva Express, Doon Express, Amritsar Express    

By Air. Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport is the nearest airport to reach Varanasi. The airport receives direct and connecting flights from all over the country. You can choose to travel via the following airlines if looking for direct flights to Varanasi from the metro and prominent nearby cities.

  1. Delhi - GoAir, IndiGo, Vistara, SpiceJet, AirIndia
  2. Mumbai - SpiceJet, Vistara, IndiGo, AirIndia
  3. Kolkata - IndiGo, SpiceJet, AirIndia

You can plan your trip and create your own route to the city with Adotrip’s technically driven circuit planner. Click here


  • 1 Day

  • Religious

  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Festival Date

    21 February 2020

  • Venue

    Varanasi

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