The breast is a glandular organ on the chest over the pectoral muscles. The primary functional significance of this organ is to produce milk and nourish newborns. Breast cancer is a common kind of cancer in women. It is characterised by unregulated cell growth in the breast tissues. These cells can proliferate uncontrollably in any part of the breast. Breast Cancer Treatment in India is done with a sequence of procedures and physical examinations.
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Breast cancer begins in the tissues of the breast. Breast cancer affects both men and women, while male breast cancer is uncommon because men lack lobules. The breast comprises three essential parts: lobules, ducts, and connective tissues.
The glands are primarily responsible for milk production in the breast. The lobules are organised into clusters. These clusters continue to radiate around the nipples.
The terminal ductal lobular unit is made up of lobules and ducts. The portion of the breasts is responsible for transporting milk from the lobules to the nipples to feed newborns.
Connective tissues are fibrous and fatty tissues that surround and keep the entire body together.
Breast cancer develops when the cells of the breast grow uncontrollably in the breast. The cell multiplication of these cells is much faster than normal cells. The cells in the ducts are proven to be the most common cause of breast cancer, referred to as invasive ductal carcinoma. Breast cancer also develops in the lobules, the glandular tissues and results in invasive lobular carcinoma.
The cost of breast cancer treatment in India can be between INR 90,000* to 15 lakhs*. The final cost is also determined by the number of tests performed and the procedures involved. It is also affected by the type and stage of the malignancy.
*Cost varies from hospital to hospital
Breast Cancer is mainly caused by hormonal, lifestyle, and environmental patterns. Researchers state that these aforementioned factors can contribute to the risk factors for Breast Cancer. Women who pass through mutation or inherited changes are prone to Breast Cancer.
There are four major types of breast cancers, and adenocarcinomas are the most common type of Breast Cancer. Let us learn more about them.
Invasive means that cancer has spread to the surrounding tissues of the breasts. This type of carcinoma begins in the milk-producing gland known as the lobules. About 10% of all blood cancers are Invasive Lobular carcinoma.
It is a condition where abnormal cells begin forming in the breast milk glands (lobules). Lobular Carcinoma in Situ is not particularly serious if you seek timely medical attention. This condition is identified in the breast biopsy test, which might be done for breast lumps and abnormal mammograms.
Ductal Carcinoma in Situ is the earliest noninvasive cancer form. It is a condition where abnormal cells are present inside the milk duct in the breasts. This condition can be treated with breast-conserving surgery(BCS), where the tumour and normal surrounding tissue is removed, and simple mastectomy when DSIC is very large.
This condition is also known as Infiltrating Ductal Carcinoma. It starts in the milk ducts in the breast and metastasizes to the nearby tissues. IDC is the most common form of cancer, which invades breast tissue beyond the walls of the ducts.
Physical exams are performed to evaluate breast cancer. If the doctor suspects the presence/indication of the condition, he or she may request the following tests:
These are the most commonly performed surgery options for Breast Cancer Treatment in India-
A surgical method involves the elimination of the breastfeeding, lobules, or ducts, nipples, fatty cells, chest wall, areola, and lymph nodes in the armpit. It is a way to treat or prevent breast cancer. It is done in cases of DCIS (Ductal Carcinoma in Situ), Stages I & II, Inflammatory Breast Cancer, recurrent Breast Cancer, or Paget’s disease of the Breasts.
Also known as Breast-conserving surgery, a Lumpectomy involves the excision of small glands in the breasts and surrounding tissues. This surgery ensures that all the abnormal or affecting tissues are thoroughly removed. This mode of surgery is followed by radiation therapy to minimise the recurrence chances of cancer.
The sentinel nodes are the first few lymph nodes where cancer spreads. The surgery eliminates the lymph nodes when cancer hits them.
The ALND is the recommended first-line treatment for breast cancer patients. If sentinel lymph nodes suggest cancer, the surgery involves the removal of several lymph nodes from the armpits.
This cosmetic surgery removes the whole breast and replaces it with the healthiest and most natural-appearing breasts possible.
Chemotherapy is done to minimise the proliferation of aberrant cells and slow down the growth of tumours. The medicines are inserted into the blood to perform their function. In rare cases, the medicines are directly injected into the afflicted area.
Another way is to limit the proliferation of aberrant cells or kill cancer cells. It takes a minimum of 3-5 sessions each week. It gives significant pain alleviation in advanced cancer stages.
If you are planning to get Breast Cancer Treatment in India, then you will get access to the expertise of top Oncologists and Surgeons in the country. With fast-paced advancements in medical science and cutting-edge procedures, the country offers the best treatment options to patients at affordable costs.
Breast Cancer can recur, or the formation of lumps can happen again. Therefore, it's absolutely necessary to be careful about the aftercare and follow-up sessions right after your breast cancer treatment. The follow-up and aftercare of the breast cancer treatment may include regular physical examinations and medical tests to check and monitor the overall health.
Following the Post-operative Instructions are equally important to prevent cancer from recurring.
If you are undergoing breast cancer treatment, then you might have to come across the below-mentioned risks-
Breast Cancer Treatment in India has significantly high success rates. There is about 90-95%of the success rate of treatments. With timely medication and treatment, you can beat cancer and live a healthy life ahead.
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Q1. How much does a breast cancer treatment cost in India?
A1. The cost of breast cancer treatment in India can be anywhere between INR 90,000* to 15 lakhs*.
*The cost may vary from hospital to hospital
Q2. Does insurance cover the cost of breast cancer treatment?
A2. Yes, insurance covers the cost of breast cancer treatment under critical illness insurance.
NOTE: It depends from policy to policy
Q3. What are the qualifications for breast cancer treatment?
A3. Women with early breast cancer with a pathological tumour size of up to 3 cm, clean margins, no lymphovascular emboli, and an extensive intraductal component are eligible.
Q4. What is the success rate of breast cancer treatment?
A4. There is about 90-95%of the success rate of Breast Cancer Treatment in India. With timely medication and treatment, you can beat cancer and live a healthy life ahead.
Q5. How long is the recovery period after breast cancer treatment?
A5.It normally takes two weeks to return to your normal routine following a breast cancer treatment.
Q6. What are the different types of breast cancer treatment options available?
A6. These are the different types of breast cancer treatment options available in hospitals and certified clinics-
Q7. How does insurance coverage impact the cost of breast cancer treatment?
A7. No insurance policies cover all costs associated with breast cancer treatment. If your insurance does not cover breast cancer treatment, you will be required to pay the (out-of-pocket costs) such as deductibles and copays at the hospital.
Q8.How does the stage of cancer impact the cost of treatment?
A8. Chemotherapy and radiation can be used to treat cancer in its early stages. If cancer has advanced significantly, it will need several tests and therapies to be successfully treated.