Anna Chapman
2023-09-06 17:57:41

what is the climate of north east india ?

2023-10-20 16:00:02

The climate in Northeast India is diverse and varies across the different states and regions of the northeastern part of the country. Northeast India is known for its lush green landscapes, hilly terrain, and abundant rainfall. Here are some key features of the climate in Northeast India:

  1. Humid Subtropical Climate: Much of Northeast India experiences a humid subtropical climate. The region has distinct seasons, including a hot and humid summer, a monsoon season with heavy rainfall, and a cooler, drier winter.
  2. Monsoons: Northeast India receives heavy rainfall during the monsoon season, which typically lasts from June to September. The region is one of the wettest in India and is crucial for its lush vegetation and agriculture.
  3. High Rainfall: The annual rainfall in many parts of Northeast India can be very high, with some areas receiving over 2,500 mm (98 inches) of rainfall in a year. The high rainfall contributes to the dense forests and rich biodiversity in the region.
  4. Temperature Variation: While the temperatures vary across states and elevations, the region generally experiences warm to hot temperatures during the summer months (March to June), with temperatures often exceeding 30°C (86°F). Winters (December to February) are relatively cooler and more comfortable.
  5. Hill Stations: Many areas in the northeastern states, such as Meghalaya and Nagaland, have pleasant climates and serve as popular hill stations due to their cooler temperatures.
  6. Snowfall: In some higher-altitude areas of Arunachal Pradesh, snowfall can occur during the winter months.
  7. Cyclones: Northeast India is prone to tropical cyclones during the pre-monsoon and post-monsoon periods, which can bring heavy rains and strong winds.
  8. Biodiversity: The high rainfall and varied terrain contribute to the region's rich biodiversity. Northeast India is home to numerous wildlife sanctuaries, national parks, and unique flora and fauna.

Overall, the climate in Northeast India is characterized by its distinct seasons, heavy monsoon rains, and lush greenery, making it a region of ecological and cultural significance.


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