Guru Ram Das Jayanti is quite a big occasion for all the Sikhs across the world. The day marks the birth anniversary of the 4th Sikh Guru, Guru ram Das Ji who was also the founder of Amritsar city. This festival is celebrated to reminisce and share the great deeds and teachings of Guru Ram Das Ji, along with the celebrations of his birth anniversary. The festival is celebrated by all the Sikhs and involves the offering of prayers in Gurudwaras and paying respect to the Guru.
This festival is full of positivity, love, and happiness. The 4th Sikh Guru contributed a lot to his community and to the nation. There is a whole lot of preparations that go into the celebration of the festival. It is also referred to as Gurupurab and is marked by kirtans and recitation of Gurbani at the Gurudwaras.
As per the Nanakshahi calendar, the birth anniversary of Guru Ram Das Ji falls on the 25th day of the 7th month(Assu). This month is known as the Ashvin month as per the Hindu calendar. Guru Ram Das Ji was born in Lahore in 1534 in a Hindu Family. Later, Ram Das Ji’s parents died when he was just 7 years old and from then onwards his grandmother took care of him. Guru Ram Das’s grandmother took him to Goindwal to meet the third Guru of Sikhs, Guru Amar Das.
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Guru Ram Das stayed there and devoted himself to the goals and vision of Guru Amar Das. Guru Amar Das was so impressed by Guru Ram Das’s devotion and sincerity, that he not only announced the marriage of his younger daughter with Guru Ram Das Ji but also declared him his successor as he didn’t find his two sons to be eligible for the ‘takth’, which later went against Guru Ram Das. After the demise of the third Sikh Guru, Guru Amar Das Ji, his two sons became hostile towards Guru Ram Das.
Guru Ram Das then left the place and went to make a pilgrimage site which came to be known as ‘Guru Da Chak’. When local people and traders started living there the place began to be known as Ramdaspur and later its name was changed to Amritsar. This is how Amritsar got settled and got its name.
Guru Ram Das Ji lived a simple life and spent his time serving the community. He is also known to be the creator of Laavan, the 4 Pheras that happen at the Sikh wedding. Guru Ram Das Ji is also known for his significant contribution to the formation of Gurudwara Shri Harminder Sahib and for composing more the 600 hymns in the Guru Granth Sahib.
The day is embarked with all Gurudwaras being decorated with lights and hymns being performed by a group of people or budding local singers. People visit Gurudwaras to listen to the hymns that were composed by Guru Ram Das Ji and worship the Guru for his blessings.
The Sikh community and all the Gurudwaras organizes Langars to feed people from all religions, culture or castes. People from any religion can do the sewa at the Gurudwara or may accept the food in Langar. Many Sikh also organize langar outside their homes to feed the poor and needy people.
The festival is largely celebrated in the state of Punjab, especially in cities like Ludhiana, Amritsar, and Patiala. The celebrations in Amritsar are very special because it’s the place that was settled by Guru Ram Das Ji. One can reach Amritsar conveniently by air, road, and rail.
By Road. Amritsar is well connected by roads and highways, hence one may plan a road trip to the city. Another way to travel to Amritsar by roadways is through the inter-state tourist buses. Tourists may reserve seats on the government-run or private buses and enjoy sightseeing and serene views of the farms on the way. From Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Bengaluru one has to cover a distance of nearly 450, 1,700, 1,900 and 2,600 km respectively.
By Rail. One must deboard the train at Amritsar Junction to visit Amritsar. The station receives trains from all parts of the country hence one will get frequent trains to commute to the city and come back. Shane Punjab, Swaraj Express, Jalianwala Bagh Express, Paschim Express, and Hirakund express are a few popular trains on which one may book seats to reach Amritsar.
By Air. Amritsar international airport is the nearest airport that is approximately located at a distance of 11 km from the main city. The airport receives direct and connecting flights from all the major cities of India such as Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, and Patna. From the airport, one may take an auto, a cab or a bus to reach any desired place in Amritsar.
You can plan your trip and create your own route to the city with Adotrip’s technically driven circuit planner. Click here
9 October 2019
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