Torgya Festival is celebrated by the Monpa Tribe at the Tawang Monastery in Arunachal Pradesh which is one of the prominent states of India. The festival pays honour to Lama Tsongkhapa, who was a Tibetan Buddhist Leader. The purpose of the festival is to spread peace & prosperity and omit the feeling of hatred and malice. According to Dawachukchipa(Buddhist Calendar), the duration of the festival is the 28th to 30th which means 10-12 January in the Gregorian calendar. This ecstatic festival starts with text recitation and Chham dance wearing Arpu (a warrior outfit) by lamas. A colourful 3-day festival is more alluring when Lamas dance wearing different costumes and animal-like masks while producing soulful music by playing drums and cymbals.
Every third year, the festival is organized on a broader level and named as Dungyur Festival. During the Dungyur Festival, especially, Dalai Lama offers blessings to other lamas by sending Feb Jum which is a holy item to be used in rituals.
Torgya First-Day Festival. The first day of the festival is called Torgya where lamas worship a created image that is made by 14 lamas and is crafted 16 days before the festival. This image is usually 3-feet tall and 2-feet wide. During its creation, monks enchant the scriptures. There are four ingredients ghee, barley, milk, and molasses, which are used to create what is called Torma. Apart from Torma, Mechang is also erected by dry leaves of bamboo. It is in the shape of a temple. The head of the lamas performs the burning of the Mechang ritual.
Torma Procession. During the procession, the lamas (wearing bells around the waist) bring out the Torma along with two other masked lamas wearing male and female yak masks. These two lamas are called Choige yap-yum and are considered as servants of Lama Tsongkapa. By carrying Torma, the lamas head towards burning the Mechang. After reaching the Mechang location, the head of lamas performs Sangonna where he touches the Torma and put it in the burning Mechang. After performing the ritual, they go back to the monastery. The procession is performed with great pomp and show.
Wang- The Final-Day Festival. The final day of the festival is performed as Wang. The Wang starts with Tseril which is a type of sweet made by barley, sugar, and molasses. After that, the head of lamas perform prayers and then distribute the Tseril amongst other lamas. They also consume a local beer named Tse-Chang. Also, the Head Lama gives blessings to other lamas by touching their heads. The blessing is known as Tse-Boom.
The Chham dance. The monks perform the traditional Chham dance wearing robes and various animal-like masks in the courtyard of the monastery. During the dance performance, they represent various earthly and divine characters. The dance festival runs through three-days.
Air. From Twang, the nearest airport is Tezpur aka Salonibari Airport which is situated at a distance of 387 kilometers. The airport majorly connects two states of India namely Kolkata and Guwahati. The other international airport is Guwahati Airport aka Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport with a distance of 480 kilometers. This airport is connected to other major cities in India and also abroad.
Rail. The nearest railway station is Rangapara Railway Station which is at a distance of 383 kilometers from Tawang. The railway station is well-connected to other major cities in Northeast India. If you are traveling from other major cities of India, then, you need to first deboard at Guwahati Railway Station. There are direct trains from Guwahati Railway Station to Naharlagun Railway Station.
Road. The roadways of Arunachal Pradesh are well-connected to other neighbouring cities. There are frequent buses, cabs, taxis and other public transportion available.
10 January - 12 January
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