Teej festival is one of the important festivals in the Hindu religion which is mostly observed in the months of August and September (Shravan Maas according to Hindu Calendar). The Teej Festival is mostly celebrated by Hindu married women who keep fast in the devotion of Maa Parvati( The Prime Goddess and wife of Lord Shiva) and pray for their husbands long and healthy life ahead. This is also the celebration of welcoming the monsoon season where women and girls can be seen swinging and singing around the trees. Attached with mythological significance, the whole Shravan month is celebrated into three types of Teej namely Hariyali Teej, Kajari Teej, and Hartalika Teej.
Almost every region of India has great enthusiasm over food preparation for various festivals especially in North India. Apart from traditional food items like Malai Ghewar, Apple Kheer, Kesari Jalebi, people also prepare special dishes like Masala Channa, Moong Dal Samosa, Amaranth Tikki etc.
Different states have different traditional attire like Punjabi women wear Patiala Salwar Kameez with tying Paranda with their hair whereas Punjabi Men can be seen in beautiful Kurta-Pajama. In Rajasthan, women mostly seen in Ghagra-Choli-Chunni whereas men are seen with Kurta-Pajama with traditional red Turban. Women and men in other northern regions can be seen in sarees and Kurta-Pajama respectively. What’s common in all of them is they mostly choose red, green and yellow colored clothes to define the theme of the festival and to celebrate greenery.
When the family get-together is about to be over, women and men can be seen swinging around trees and celebrating & strengthening their marriage bond.
The Hariyali Teej is celebrated on the third day of the bright fortnight which is considered as Shukla Paksha in Shravan Mass. Hariyali means greenery that occurs during the advent of monsoon, which is the time of celebration of nature and Maa Parvati is also considered as Goddess Of Nature. Hariyali Teej is also called Singhara Teej in some of the regions in India. This day, married women visit their maternal house and are offered gifts, locally called Shringar comprising of bindi, Sindoor, Chudi, Mehendi etc. Also,Ghewar being the most popular sweet of this festival is offered first to goddess Parwati and then distributed amongst the friends and relatives. The colours of Hariyali Teej can be seen flowing in the states of Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and few other northern parts of India. The Hariyali Teej 2019 has been calculated to be observed on the 3rd of August, Saturday.
Another type of Teej which is also known as Kajli or Boorhi Teej which is observed on the third day of the dark fortnight aka Krishna Paksha. This festival lasts for two days and in some parts of India also continues till the Janmashtami Festival. Here, married women visit their maternal houses to seek the blessings of their elders. This day, the goddess Uma(another incarnation of Goddess Parvati) is worshipped in order to pray for their husbands healthy and happy living years. The festival is mostly celebrated in the regions of Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh. Kajari Teej 2019 is calculated to be observed on 18 August, Sunday.
Hartalika Teej is one of the three festivals that is enormously celebrated in the states of Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttarakhand and some parts of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh too. Hartalika Teej is observed during Shukla Paksha Tritiya of Bhadrapada month. This festival lasts for three days and married women keep a fast for all three days. The second day is observed even without having a drop of water in the throat which is also known as Nirjala Vrat. The women can be seen awaken all night listening and singing the mythological stories behind the festival. The procession of Goddess Parvati can be observed with immense happiness, devotion and faith. People can be seen singing and dancing during the procession. Such an awestruck event one can spect. The Hartalika Teej 2019 has been calculated to be observed on 1st September, Sunday.
Hartalika has been named by the legend of Hinduism who believed in mythological stories and one of the events from the saga has been described as “Hartalika”. The word Hartalika is the blend of two words “Harit” and “Aalika” which means abduction and female friend.This is associated to the life of Maa Parvati who is a devotee of Lord Shiva and wishes to have him as her life partner. Whereas on the other hand, her father Himalaya wants her to marry Lord Vishnu which was against her desire. Finding no way to go against father’s wish, Goddess Parvati discussed the matter with one of her close friends who took her away to a thick forest so that her father is not able to get her married with the groom of his choice. Amidst the jungle, on the 3rd day of the bright half of Bhadrapad, Goddess Parvati created a Shiva Lingam which was made out of her hair. After a long period of austerity (Tapasya), Lord Shiva appeared in front of her and accepted her marriage proposal. Also, the father of Goddess Parvati accepted their decision and blessed them with love and happiness. So, from then and there, the Hartalika Festival is observed and celebrated across the country.
The Teej Festival is mostly popular in states like Punjab, Rajasthan and Uttar pradesh. Specially in Jaipur the capital of Rajasthan where a grand Teej procession is organized every year. Men and women can be seen participating and enjoying to the fullest. This is the peak time when tourists can visit Rajasthan to explore the festivities of region.
1 September 2019
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