One of the historical Mughal Gardens, Pinjore Garden was built in the 17th century by a renowned Mughal ruler Aurangzeb. The garden is situated in the Pinjore city of Panchkula, in the territory of Haryana. Designed with the amalgamation of Persian, Turkish and Indian architecture, the garden is spread over 100 acres. The place is popular not just for the garden but also for the annual Mango Mela.
Yadavindra Garden was the ancient name of this beautiful garden of Poinjore. The garden is a fine amalgamation of Islamic and Sikh architecture as it was built by Mughals and maintained and renovated by jat Sikh rulers of Patiala Dynasty. The garden was an idea that was conceived by the Mughal ruler Aurangzeb and the chief architect of the garden Nawab Fidai Khan as a space to relax and unwind in summers. Situated in the foothills of Himalayas the garden is home to rare species of flowers and plants.
The structural style of the Pinjore garden is similar to the Shalimar bagh in Srinagar that’s based on the terrace style garden. The floor plan of the garden is similar to the Charbagh pattern, which is a landmark style of Mughal architecture. The garden has 7 terraces, fountains, open-air theater, water bodies and green grass cover to walk or rest. There lies a Shish Mahal and Hawa mahal too on the first terrace, then there are arched doors on the second, the third has flower beds, the fourth has Jal Mahal, while the next two have trees. The last seventh terrace has an open-air theater which was used for performances by artists during the ancient times.
An interesting thing about the garden is that the garden was abandoned due to Goitre, a disease that is caused due to lack of Iodine intake. The locals started believing that the water and air of Pinjore have got contaminated and they left the beautiful place to never come back. Later during the Patiala dynasty rule, the garden was revived and reformed. Legends also have it that the Pandavas from the epic Mahabharata also stayed here during ‘vanvaas’ (exile).
This open-air museum is popular as the Khajuraho of the north for its erotic structures. Though the temple is in ruins yet there are still many structures that are in good condition. The temple is just 600 meters away from the Pinjore garden and is a must-visit site. This Hindu temple is believed to be built between the 8th and 11th centuries.
The Pinjore Heritage train has been restored to take the passengers to the tourist spots and heritage sites situated in the garden. The train route passes from all these spots giving the passengers an overview of the sights.
Pinjore city consists of an array of traditional shops and complexes ranging from clothing to gifts item to artifacts. One may explore the market of Pinjore city for souvenirs and home decor items made from wood and other natural elements. Apart from that one may also buy traditional Haryanvi dresses and ornaments such as dhoti kurta, kurta lehenga, juttis and kathla a traditional neckpiece that the local women wear.
During the visit to the Pinjore garden, one may also taste the local Haryanvi food. Some popular dishes that one must try are kachri ki Sabzi, Bhura Roti Ghee, Besan Masala Roti, Mithe Chawal, Bajara Khichdi, and kachri Ki chutney.
The garden remains open for all days of the week from 7 am to 10 pm. Though, it is advisable to visit in the evening to cherish the beauty of the garden. One may plan a visit in the city in February as one will get to witness beautiful flowers blooming in the divine ambiance of the garden.
By Road. If road travel in on your mind then one may book a seat in the inter-state tourist bus to Pinjore city or to Chandigarh. One may also take a personal car or bike to cover the distance. From Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, and Bengaluru the distance to Pinjore Garden is approx. 250, 1,600, 1,700, and 2,400 km respectively.
By Rail. Kalka railway station is the nearest station to reach the Pinjore Garden. From the station, one has to cover a distance of approx. 7km via locally available transportation such as a taxi, or a bus to reach the garden. The station is well connected to other metropolitan cities of India and receives regular and frequent trains from Delhi, Mumbai. Kolkata and Bengaluru. Kalka Shatabdi and Paschim Express are the two trains in which one may reserve seats to travel to Pinjore city.
By Air. Chandigarh airport is the nearest airport to the Pinjore garden. One may conveniently travel from a taxi or a bus to the garden which is approx. 35km away from the airport. The Chandigarh International airport receives regular direct and connecting flights from the metro cities of India.
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