One of the oldest universities in the world dating back to 5th century, Nalanda University was a Buddhist university with around 10,000 monks and students which was later destroyed by Muslim invasion. It is believed that about 9 million manuscripts were burnt in the destruction and now there are only ruins to see and imagine the history. It is the second most visited place in Bihar and was recognized by UNESCO as well.
Around 10,000 students and 2000 teachers used to come to the university to attend classes of Philosophy, religion, Buddhism and various other scientific thoughts like astronomy, mathematics, anatomy, etc. More than 100 students used to take the class in a single classroom and they were not permitted to visit anywhere else during the classes.
It was the first of its kind boarding university in its right sense; it was differentiated into three floors where new students used to live in the basement, mid-level students used to stay at the ground, dormitory captain and experienced students used to stay at the top floor. All the floors were connected through a stairway system.
Proper windows were not constructed inside, however, fresh air and sunlight used to come by the ventilation system that was an opening at the dormitory. The ventilation system was wide and inclined in such a way to permit the air and sunlight to come in through.
October to March is the best time to visit Nalanda University Ruins as the weather remains favorable this time.
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