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Goa essentially is a perfect blend of sun, sand and vast oceans. And that is probably why every single person loves to travel to Goa. Initially, Goa witnessed Portuguese and British rule due to which it ended up being culturally influenced by both of these.

Owing to all this, it won’t be wrong to say that Goa is a paradise for the traveler within you. It is that kind of place which offers people with freedom and give them the feel of the west, here, in India itself. In Goa, one can see people playing, enjoying, sun-bathing and even meditating on the beaches amid the gusts of winds mixed with the wetness of ocean water. 

The streets of Goa offer travelers and tourists with some colourful and memorable moments to cherish all their life. Various parts of Goa have buildings with coloured roofs, churches and more to see. Here you can also see avenues lined with Gulmohar, Acacia and many other varieties of trees. Overall, Goa is no less than a tourist paradise. 

History of Goa

Shimoga Goa Greenstone Belt in the Western Ghats is essentially made up of metavolcanic formations. And many rock formations, rock art engravings, stone axes, cones, etc. are also found which may date back to around 10,000 years in the past in places like Kazur, Mauxim, etc. Apart from this, one can also find much evidence of Paleolithic age in places like Dabolim, Shiago, etc. 

Early History 

It is said that during the 3rd century BC, Goa was ruled by Buddhist emperor Ashoka. Apart from Ashoka the great, Goa has also been ruled by the Chutus of Karwar, Bhojas of Goa, etc. Then coming later in the historical timeline, in around 1312 AD, it came under the rule of Delhi Sultanate. However, the overall management and the grip of the Sultanate couldn’t hold it for long and it was soon vanquished by the Harihara I of the Vijayanagara Empire.  

Also Read: A place to admire architectural beauty & intelligence in the monuments, temples, and mosques

Contemporary History

After the independence of India, our country had requested that the Portuguese territories are ceded into the Geographical territories of India. But the Portuguese refused to negotiate. Thus, India invaded Goa in 1961 which resulted in the annexation of Goa as a union territory. But in 1987, Goa was split and was made the 25th state of India. 

Why You Should Visit Goa

Goa is not overcrowded at all and is a peaceful city, this is one of the major reasons why you must visit Goa. If you are looking for spending a few days roaming around carelessly carrying a tourist kind of vibe then you must definitely consider traveling to this place. Streets here are lined up with some really beautiful Gulmohar and Acacia trees. And not just that, here you can party to your heart's content and enjoy the beauty of nature as well. Goan food is also amazing and is loved by one and all.   

Places to Visit in and Around Goa

Reis Magos Fort. Situated on a strategic location, this fort is a great option for tourists to explore. It was reconstructed by the Portuguese in order to protect their region against the invaders. Inside this fort, one gets to adore the church which is located quite close to the base of the fort.

Basilica of Bom Jesus. Also known as the Basilica of Good Jesus, it’s a world UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is India’s first minor basilica and got its name after infant Jesus. Situated in Old Goa, this monument was built by extremist Portuguese rulers on the actual site of the temple of Lord Shiva.

Things to do in and Around Goa

Visit Mahalaxmi Temple. The temple is sited on the opposite of Dada Vaidya road in Panjim and it was the first Hindu temple allowed by the Portuguese to be built sometime in 1818. Famous as the Goddess of wealth, Mahalaxmi is also viewed as one of the ruling idols of the Panjim city.

Visit Idalcao. Known as the castle of Adil Shah who was the Sultan of Bijapur, this place is situated on the bank of Mandovi river and homes a number of Government offices such as passport office, secretariat and other Government offices in Goa today. 

Events and Festivals in and Around Goa

Goa Liberation Day. Goa was not always a part of India, but it became a state of India after the country liberated it in 1961 from the Portuguese forces. This whole operation just took three days to accomplish. Read More

Feast of St. Francis Xavier. The body of St. Xavier lies in a silver casket which is situated in the church of Bom Jesus. Every year, rituals and ceremonies are performed on December 3 which is the day of his burial. On this day, typically a wide variety of food and drink are made available for the people to devour and relish. Read More

Christmas Day. Though Christmas is celebrated all over the world, the way Goa does it is something different and fun to be a part of. Goa has about more than 400 churches where one can hope to bask in the eternal light of festivities and also attend Midnight mass in one of the churches. Read More

Best Time to Visit Goa

There is no doubt that Goa is one of the most prominent party destinations to visit in our country. October to February is the best time to visit Goa as the tourists find the winter sun soothing. During this time the weather is quite clear and pleasant to travel.

Famous Food and Clothing of Goa 

People in Goa generally like to wear colourful outfits that are essentially bright. The womenfolk here prefer to wear 9-yard sarees and they style it with some really nice traditional jewellery. The men, especially those belonging to the fishing tribes and communities wear bright shirts along with half pants. The tribal people of Goa carry Kashti which is basically a kind of loincloth along with the blanket on their shoulders. This blanket is known as 'Kunbi Palloo'. Apart from this, Goa has a great variety of food. People of Goa generally prefer eating fish, curry, and rice. The Goan food is very scrumptious coming across as a unique blend of Konkani, Brazilian and Portuguese cuisine.

How to Reach Goa

By Air. Dabolim is the nearest airport from Goa. It connects several flights from many domestic cities in India like Delhi, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Pune, etc. After getting off from the airport you will have to take a cab or some other means of transportation to reach your destination. 

By Road. Travelling to Goa via car with your loved ones is an experience worth cherishing. You can easily travel from Indian cities like Delhi, Pune, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Bengaluru. You can consider taking  NH 48, NH 50, or NH 52, basis your location. 

By Train. The nearest railway station here is Margao. Traveling via train from some of the major Indian cities of India won’t be a problem.

You can plan your trip and create your own route to the city with Adotrip’s technically driven circuit planner. Click here


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