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Goa essentially is an iconic mix of sun, sand and vast oceans. And perhaps this is something which every single person loves about travelling to Goa. From the beginning, Goa has been a place that has seen the rule of the Portuguese and Britishers which has left Goa interestingly with pleasing combinations of food and exotic culture. 

Owing to all this, it won’t be wrong to say that Goa is a mini paradise for the inner-traveller within you. It is a kind of place which offers people with no strings attached kind of freedom. Here one can see people playing, enjoying, sun-bathing and even meditating on the beaches amid the gusts of winds mixed with the wetness of ocean water. 

The streets of Goa offer travellers and tourists with some colourful and memorable moments to cherish all life long. Various parts of Goa have buildings with coloured roofs, churches and more to see. Here you can also see avenues lined with Gulmohar, Acacia and many other varieties of trees. Overall, Goa is no less than a tourist paradise. 

History of Goa

Shimoga Goa Greenstone Belt in the Western Ghats is essentially made up of metavolcanic formations. And many rock formations, rock art engravings, stone axes, cones etc are also found which may date back to around 10,000 years in past in places like Kazur, Mauxim etc. Apart from this, one can also find many evidence of Paleolithic age in places like Dabolim, Shiago etc. 

Also Read: A city that's placed right in the foothills of Chamundi Hills, which is known for Somnathapura Temple, and Mysore Palace

Early History 

It is said that during the time of 3rd century BC Goa was ruled by the Buddhist emperor Ashoka. Apart from Ashoka the great, Goa has also been ruled by the Chutus of Karwar, Bhojas of Goa etc. Then coming later in the historical timeline, in around 1312 AD, it came under the rule of Delhi Sultanate. However, the overall management and the grip of the Sultanate couldn’t hold it for long and it was soon vanquished by the Harihara I of the Vijayanagara Empire.  

Contemporary History

After the independence of India, our country had requested that the Portuguese territories are ceded into the Geographical territories of India. But the Portuguese refused to negotiate. Thus, India invaded Goa in 1961 which resulted in the annexation of Goa as a union territory. But in 1987, Goa was spilt and was made the 25th state of India. 

Why You Should Visit Goa

Goa is a place which is not overcrowded at all and is a peaceful city. This is one of the major reasons that you should be visiting Goa. If you are looking for spending a few days roaming carelessly carrying a tourist kind of vibe then you must definitely consider travelling to this place. Streets here are lined up with some really beautiful Gulmohar and Acacia trees. And not just that, here you also get to savour in the relishing culture of Goa and exploring its beaches, forts and many other interesting tourist destinations.   

Places to visit in and around Goa

Reis Magos Fort - Situated on a kind of strategic location, this fort is a great option for tourists to explore. It was reconstructed by the Portuguese in order for protecting their region against the invaders. Inside this fort, one gets to adore the church which is located quite close to the base of the fort.

Basilica of Bom Jesus - Also known as the Basilica of Good Jesus, it’s a world UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is India’s first minor basilica and got its name after infant Jesus. Situated in the Old Goa, this monument was built by extremist Portuguese rulers on the actual site of the temple of Lord Shiva.

Things to do in and around Goa

Visit Mahalaxmi Temple - The temple is sited on the opposite of Dada Vaidya road in Panjim and it was the first Hindu temple allowed by the Portuguese to be built somewhere in 1818. Famous as the Goddess of wealth, Mahalaxmi is also viewed as one of the ruling idols of the Panjim city.

Visit  Idalcao - Known as the castle of Adil Shah who was the Sultan of Bijapur, this place is situated on the bank of Mandovi river and serves to be a variety of Government’s offices such as passport office, secretariat and other Government offices of Goa today. Along these lines, the palace is served as an official residence for most of the Portuguese Viceroys I 1759 before they came back to Portugal.

Events and festivals in & around Goa

Goa Liberation Day - Goa was not always a part of India, but it became a state of India after India liberated it in 1961 from the Portuguese forces. This whole operation had just taken three days to accomplish. Read More

Feast of St. Francis Xavier - The body of St. Xavier lies in a silver casket which is situated in the church of Bom Jesus. Every year, rituals and ceremonies are performed on December 3 which is the day of his burial. On this day, typically a wide variety of food and drink are available for the people to devour and relish. Read More

Christmas Day - Though Christmas is celebrated all over the world, the way Goa does it is something different and fun to be a part of. Goa has about more than 400 churches where one can hope to bask in the eternal light of festivities and also attend Midnight mass in one of the churches. Read More

Best time to visit Goa

There is no doubt that Goa is one of the most prominent party destinations to visit in our country. October to February is the best time to visit Goa as the tourists find the winter sun as per their comfort. During this time the weather is quite clear and pleasant to travel.

Famous Food and Clothing of Goa 

People in Goa generally like to wear some really colourful clothing which is essentially bright in nature. The womenfolk here prefer to wear a 9 yard Sari and they contrast it with some really nice traditional jewellery. The men, especially those belonging to the fishing tribes and communities wear bright shirts along with half pants. The tribal people of Goa carry Kashti which is basically a kind of loincloth along with the blanket on their shoulders. This blanket is known as 'Kunbi Palloo'. Apart from this, Goa has a great variety of food. People of Goa generally prefer eating fish, curry and rice. The Goan food is very scrumptious coming across as a unique blend of Konkani, Brazilian and Portuguese cuisine.

How to reach Goa

By Air - The Dabolim is the nearest airport from Goa. It connects several flights from many domestic cities in India like Delhi, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Pune etc. After getting off from the airport you will have to take a cab or some other means of transportation to reach your destination. 

By Road - Travelling to Goa via car with your loved ones is an experience worth cherishing. You can easily travel from Indian cities like Delhi, Pune, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Bengaluru. It will take you an approximate time frame of around 37 hrs, 9 hrs, 15 hrs, 44 hrs, 11 hrs respectively. You can consider taking routes via NH 48, NH 50, NH 52. 

By Train - The nearest railway station is at Margao. Travelling via train from some of the major Indian cities like Delhi, Pune, Kolkata, Hyderabad won’t be a problem.

You can plan your trip and create your own route to the city with Adotrip’s technically driven circuit planner. Click here

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