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Kashmir which was earlier only referred to the Kashmir valley is now an important region of the state of Jammu and Kashmir. It comprises of many important tourist locations and is a significant part of the Indian subcontinent. Though the entire region is distributed amongst India, Pakistan, and China, 43% of land and 70% of the population of Kashmir is a part of India. This place is the world’s most militarized zone and has seen many wars but still, its beauty is quite intact. The region is a host of the biggest Hindu pilgrimage yatra which is widely known as Amarnath Yatra devoted to Lord Shiva. To reach Kashmir, one has to land into the capital city Srinagar that has the largest airport and is connected to all prime Indian cities. Visitors can reach anywhere by hiring taxis from the city.

History Of Kashmir

Ancient period was mostly influenced by Hinduism and Buddhism where the world got several spiritual philosophy such as Madhyamaka, Yogachara which is combination of Shaivism and Advaita Vedanta. Also, the great Ashoka was founder of Shrinagari town which is now considered ruins near Srinagar. 

Medieval Era

The medieval era was mostly ruled by Mughal Emperors. The first mughal ruler of Kashmir was Shams-ud-Din Shah Mir of Shah Mir Dynasty who ruled between 1339-42. After that, the Great Akbar conquered kashmir and ruled between 1585 to 1586. Then, it was captured by Afghan rulers from Durrani Dynasty and they ruled till the invasion of Sikh Dynasty in 1890 and they continue to rule the Kashmir until the invasion of British.

Also Read: This place is home to an advanced landing ground of the Indian Airforce

Buddhism Era

Before Kashmir came itno the dominence of Hindu and Muslim rulers, Buddhism was well-established between the 1st century to 8th century A.D. according to historians,  King Kashishka from Kushan Dynasty has organised the 4th Buddhisht Council at Kundalvana in Kashmir in 72 A.D. It was presided by Vasumitra whose deputy was Asvaghosa. 

Hinduism Era

Earlier, the land of Kashmir was greatly influenced by Hinduism and can be seen with some traces of the same era. A major part of Kashmir People are Kashmiri Pandits who belong to Hindu Religion. 

Shaivism Era

During the 9th century, Vaishnavism  also flourished. Shivaisim traces from the ancient roots  mentioned in the Vedic Literature in the form of Vedic Deity Rudra of 2nd millennium BCE.

Mughal Era

During the 13th to 15th century, it was the time of Mughal Era in Kashmir region w2hich led to the downturn of Shaivism. The first mughal ruler of Kashmir was Shah Mir in 1339. The rule of mughals. For the next five centuries, Muslim monarchs ruled Kashmir, including the Mughal Empire, who ruled from 1586 until 1751, and the Afghan Durrani Empire, which ruled from 1747 until 1819.

Places to visit in Kashmir

Srinagar. Srinagar is undoubtedly one of the best places to visit in Kashmir. If you are looking for something peaceful, serene, beautiful then Srinagar is the kind of place which you must be definitely visiting with your loved ones. The lush green valleys of this place will simply mesmerize you in all its might. Read more...

Sonamarg. Sonamarg is quite an endless route of stunningly mind-blowing flowers throughout the valley.  If you ever visit this place then the enchanting and breathtaking views of this place will charm you with their amazing aura. This is the kind of experience which everybody should be having at least once in their lives. 

Leh. The huge mountains of Leh are out and out amazing. Leh is one of the best and quite a safe place to visit with your loved ones in Kashmir during the summer months. Moreover, this place is on the hit list of every biker’s bucket list. Clad in beauty and owing to the love of nature, Leh offers some of the most iconic and breath-taking views of the place. Read more...

Things to do in Kashmir

Go For That Shikara Ride. A Shikara ride can offer you an amazing eclectic beauty of Kashmir. The beauty of these distant mountains takes you through a ride across the whole lake. Moreover, going away from the hustle and bustle of city life will help you relax and rejuvenate.  

Visit Gulmarg Golf Club. Now this is one of the most offbeat things which you could do in Jammu and Kashmir. Interestingly, the Gulmarg Golf Club is coveted as one of the largest clubs consisting of 18 holes altogether. And, playing Golf here will prove to be one of the most satisfying experiences of your life.

Gondola Cable Car Ride. Riding the Gondola cable car is one of the most exciting as well as fun things to specifically do in Kashmir for people of all ages. However, it needs to be seen that the tourists also prefer to specifically travel via the cable car to enjoy some of the best views of the snow-capped mountains.

Events and Festivals in & around Kashmir

Eid Ul Fitr. During this festival, Namaz is offered at least six times a day and the fast is broken with feasting. Celebrated on the last day of Ramazan, this festival is very popular across the globe. One reason being the massive Muslim population which is there in the world.

Hemis Festival. Hemis Gompa is one of the largest monasteries situated in Ladakh and it is there that Hemis festival is celebrated with great pomp and show. Moreover, this day has been declared as a state holiday. If you ever visit Kashmir then this should be on the top priority on your list of festivals to attend. 

Gurez Festival. Gurez is the name of a valley which is specifically situated in the Himalayas at an elevated height of around 8,000 feet. Moreover, this breathtaking valley has got a plethora of scenic views as it particularly lies on the ancient Silk Route. Furthermore, this place is just the right tourist destination for river rafting. During this festival, everyone assembled for the fest which also specifically involves some of the fun activities like river rafting, trekking, etc. Moreover, there are many competitions such as painting and drawing which also take place and also witness huge participation from people.

Best Time to Visit Kashmir

Generally, the best time to visit Kashmir is during the spring months of March to early May. However, if you also want to visit from the months of March to October when the weather is quite perfect and flowers and alpine meadows blossom quite beautifully.

How to reach Kashmir?

By Air. The nearest airport is situated in SriNagar which is very well connected to all the cities. And after reaching the airport the visitors here can hire taxis for the purpose of reaching various cities, destinations and the towns of Kashmir.

By Train. The Jammu Tawi Railway Station is specifically situated at a distance of 330km. And the nearest railhead serves the most beautiful valley of Kashmir. also, the railway station is well-connected to neighbouring states and cities of the Kashmir. there is a direct train named Himsagar Expres which departs from Vaishno Devi Katra Railway Station to Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu.

By Road. The state of Kashmir is quite well connected by the road networks. So, if you want then you can either take a bus or even travel by your vehicle by road to Kashmir. However, a bus may prove to be really a cheap means of transportation for you. 

You can plan your trip and create your own route to the city with Adotrip’s technically driven circuit planner. Click here

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