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Ladakh is a matchless land occupied with a wide number of attractions to visit for which include remarkable scenes, welcoming inhabitants and unique culture. The place is genuinely a paradise on Earth that owes it all to its impeccable beauty. Bordered by two of the world's largest mountain ranges, the Great Himalaya and the Karakoram, Ladakh lies in the crossways of two other ranges namely: the Ladakh range and the Zanskar range. Ladakh is magical in every aspect from nature, characteristics, landscapes to modest cultures. 

History of Ladakh 

Ladakh region has been inhabited by Indo-Aryans since the Neolithic times. Historians claim that the Kushan empire was prevalent in Ladakh during the 1st century and Buddhism established its roots and spread in Ladakh the 1st and 2nd centuries.   

By the 8th century, the region was captured and controlled by the Tibetan empire. Sometime later, Ladakh was set free of the Chinese and Tibetan kingdom which led to the advent of the Ladakhi dynasty rule in the region. Amidst all these political scenarios and changes in power dynamics, Buddhism emerged as the most followed religion in the region. 

In the 13th century, Ladakh accepted the rule of Dogra kings of Tibet and once again it was administered by Tibetans. This continued for a long period and later Ladakh became a part of Kashmir. After that, the colonization of India by Britishers took the center stage and the politics began revolving around that. When the Britishers left India Kashmir was ruled by Maharaja Hari Singh and it became a part of India with the ‘Treaty of Accession’ that was signed between the Union of India and Maharaja Hari Singh.     

Also Read: This city is one of the most important trading centers of tea in India, and an ideal place for trekking, mountaineering, and camping

Newly Formed Union Territory Ladakh 

After the recently passed reorganization act in the parliament of India in October 2019, Ladakh has been granted the status of a Union Territory, while Leh has been declared Ladakh’s capital. Before this, Ladakh was a part of Jammu and Kashmir. 

Places to visit in Ladakh

Pangong Lake 

An exceptional feature of the lake is that it doesn't stay blue consistently or the whole year, rather it changes color from sky blue to light blue to green and grey as well! The lake is a hot tourist spot where people from across the country arrive to witness this lake set amidst gigantic mountains. 

Khardung La Pass, Leh Ladakh

The Khardung La Pass, usually expressed as Khardzong La, is a vital strategic motorable pass that leads you to Siachen glacier. The pass is claimed to be the world's most notable pass located at a height of 5,602 m above the sea level.

Nubra Valley, Leh Ladakh

Nubra valley is a sprint of lavish greenery in Ladakh's dessert and moonlike landscapes and slopes. The valley is known for its local markets, beautiful monasteries, and two rivers: the Nubra river and the Shyok river. Read More

Spituk Monastery, Leh Ladakh

Spituk Monastery additionally called Spituk Gompa or Pethup Gompa. The monastery was founded in the 11th century and is known for popular Buddhist paintings and artifacts from the bygone era. Read More

Zanskar Valley, Leh Ladakh

Zanskar valley is known to be an ancient Buddhist kingdom that was ruled by the kings of the Kushan dynasty. The valley is a popular spot for adventure travelers as they get to trek and enjoy several adventure sports here in Zanskar. The valley has a region of around 5,000 km and it is sited at a height of 13,154 above ocean level. Read More

Things to do in Ladakh

White Water Boating, Leh Ladakh

Making way through the rapids among the twists and turns on the Zanskar river makes rafting a memorable experience in Ladakh. The Zanskar Rafting trip is outstanding among the other river trips globally and to believe this you have to try it on your visit to Zanskar valley. 

Chadar Trek, Leh Ladakh

Chadar trek is also known as Zanskar Gorge is a 105 kilometers trek route. People from across the country arrive here to trek this long distance in spine chilling cold weather of January and February.   

Mountain Biking, Leh Ladakh

Generally named the heaven for mountain bikers, Leh has many tourists coming in every year to experience the excitement of driving on its risky slopes and experience the adrenaline rush. 

Ladakh Trekking, Leh Ladakh

From crossing over an icy masses, climbing long lengths of Ladakh, going through the uneven landscape, and making way through a long and sharp edge, all this and more aptly defines the Ladakh trek. There are many trekking routes in Ladakh that will surprise you with troublesome difficulties, even if you are an expert trekker.

Bactarian Camel Safari, Nubra Valley

What about getting attracted by a camel ride in the midst of uplifting sandhills? This can only happen in Ladakh. These camels are different from the ones you see in Rajasthan and riding on them also is a unique experience.  

Events & Festivals in & around Leh-Ladakh

Thiksay Gustor

Ladakh is home to a lot of monastic festivals which are celebrated at many different monasteries of the place. The Thiksay Gustor is a 2-day festival that is celebrated near Spituk monastery. Read More

Losar Celebrations

Losar is one of the most elaborately celebrated festivals of Ladakh and people get along like a family to celebrate this festival with one another. The festival marks the new year according to the Tibetan calendar. Read More

Galdan Namchot

Colorful dance-dramas are performed by the monks to commemorate the birth and death of the Buddhist scholar Je Tsongkhapa. People from various parts of the country arrive to witness this festival. Read More

Food and Fashion of Ladakh

The food of Ladakh is unique and has the flavor of the local spices that are found locally in Ladakh. Owing to its geographical location the food of Ladakh is primarily non-vegetarian as it provides a good source of protein and fat to the people to survive in the extremely cold climate. If in Ladakh one must try the following dishes Chutagi(dumpling soup), Paba (barley flour bread), Butter Tea, and Thukpa. 

Ladakhi men and women have a unique set of traditional dresses that they wear on special occasions. Ladakhi men wear a woolen robe which is called Goucha. This is worn with a sash that is called Skerag. Women wear a similar kind of robe but that is called Kuntop. Besides these clothes, Ladakhi people also wear accessories like hats, etc.   

Best time to visit Ladakh

If you are planning to visit Ladakh then, months between April to June are great to visit. During the rest of the year, Manali-Leh expressway isn't affected and the main operational way which is the Srinagar-Leh roadway also gets influenced by incidental landslides.

How to reach Ladakh?

By Road. Traveling to Ladakh by road is a popular way that is opted by most of the tourists. This is so because the road journey to Ladakh is full of mesmerizing views, and exotic locations. Tourists who are planning to visit Ladakh may opt for the govt and private run tourist buses or may drive to Ladakh on their personal car or bike. From Delhi and Mumbai one has to cover nearly 1000 and 2400 km respectively whereas from Kolkata and Bengaluru one has to cover approx. 2500 and 3100km respectively.    

By Rail. Jammu Tawi railway station is the nearest station to reach Ladakh. From the station, another 800 kilometers need to be covered in a taxi or a bus to reach this newly formed union territory. Jammu Tawi train station receives trains from all metropolitan cities of the country like Delhi, Chandigarh, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Bengaluru, and Mumbai. 

By Air. Leh airport is the nearest to reach Ladakh by airways. From the airport, Ladakh is just 5 kilometers away and this distance can be covered conveniently in a local cab. Leh Airport receives regular direct and connecting flights from all parts of the country hence one may book flights even a few days before the trip.   

You can plan your trip and create your own route to the city with Adotrip’s technically driven circuit planner. Click here


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