Port Blair is the capital of the Andaman & Nicobar Islands. It is also the gateway to exploring the Islands of A&N. The city houses several marine national parks and museums to conserve the marines of the Island. Out of all of them, Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park is the oldest one. Apart from this, the city is home to the famous INS Jarawa which is located at Phoenix Bay in Port Blair.
Moving to the beautiful panoramic Islands in and around the city that leave you mighty impressed and provide you with a joyous experience. Some of the most famous islands are Wandoor Ross Island, Viper Island and Corbyn’s Cove Island. There are several beaches where Island festivals are organized by the authorities in order to promote tourism in Andaman and Nicobar.
According to the Anthropological Survey of India, originally, the people residing there, came to the city from North Africa about 40,000 years ago. According to modern history, Port Blair was formed as a penal colony by Bengal Government in the year of 1789 at Chatham Island which is located in the southeast region of Andaman. The name 'Port Blair is given to the city after Lieutenant Archibald Blair of East India India Company.
Later, the penal colony was shifted to the northeast area of Andaman and renamed to Port Cornwallis to honour Admiral William Cornwallis. But, there were frequent deaths and diseases that gave it a ceased position. Due to urgent prior requirement, the British Government ordered immediate constructions of prions for the prisoners, who majorly were Indian Freedom Fighters and political personalities. The prison was named Cellular Jail aka Kala Pani.
Cellular Jail: The Prison-Turned-Museum. Generally famous as Kala Pani, the Cellular Jail is the proof of the gruesome colonial era. The spot is known as one of the most famous places to visit in Port Blair as the place draws attention to Indian freedom. You can also explore the architecture of the building similar to the solitary cells that were used earlier for the outcast and political prisoners.
Japanese Bunkers: Reminiscent of World War II. The Japanese Bunkers were constructed during World War II and can be seen across the city. These bunkers take us to the time when a blockade on Andaman and Nicobar Islands was imposed. Alongside, there are also some other sites to explore in Port Blair like the Ross Island or Corbyn Cove beach.
Chatham Saw Mill: The Rustic Beauty Of The Pre-Independence Day. There are countless places to visit in Port Blair, one of the best ones from them is the Chatham Saw Mill which is one of the most renowned landmarks of these beautiful islands, it was set up during the time of British administration in 1883.
Coral Viewing. There are several marine museums where you can enjoy coral viewing and meet some of the most intriguing sea animals. Samudrika Naval Marine Museum is one of the prominent museums of Port Blair which is run by Indian Navy. Here you can see different coral species, colourful fishes and cells.
Chidiya Tapu Beach. The tranquil Chidiya Tapu beach is popular for bird watching and sunset view. One can spend a great time with their friends and family. People mostly prefer to explore the beach alone to get some soul-rejuvenating experience.
Glass Boat Rides. Another fun thing to do is a glass boat ride where one can roam around and experience the sea life around the city of Port Blair.
Lighthouse Restaurants. There are several beautiful lighthouse restaurants which provide different cuisines including Indian, continental, multi-cuisine, Thai, Chinese and several seafood items.
Island Tourism Festival. When you are in the Andaman & Nicobar Islands, how can you miss the Island Tourism Festival which is the biggest carnival held here and is certainly the most exciting? This festival is more like continuing the festive vibe of New Year and hence it is celebrated in January and is a 10-day carnival. Read more
Beach Festival. The beach festival is a new addition to celebrations in order to please the requirements of beach lovers. The site of the celebration may vary. The fest includes beach activities like beach volleyball, and other sports like a tug of war, kabaddi and so forth. Food courts and various other entertainment programs, fun activities are also arranged depending upon the setting and facilities close to the beach. Read more
One can visit Port Blair any time of the year, however, the best time to visit is the summer and winter months. October to May is an ideal time for the tourists.
By Air. Veer Savarkar International Airport is the nearest airport which is situated at Lamba Line. The airport is well-connected with other major cities of India Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai. Several renowned airline services like Vistara, Air India, Indigo, SpiceJet and GoAir have frequent flight services to Port Blair.
By Ship. The ships make their sail from Chennai, Vizag, and Kolkata. There are usually 3-4 sailings on a monthly basis which is quite normal. However, what needs to be seen here is that a ship’s voyage would take around 60-70 hours.
By Train. There is no way one can reach Port Blair by train anywhere from India. The islands of Andaman and Nicobar are remote locations, hence direct rail transport facility is unavailable from anywhere in India.
By Bus. Although reaching Port Blair by road would be difficult, there are some places that are well connected to buses such as Rangat, Baratang Island, and Diglipur. They are a preferable option to reach different parts of Andaman. There are also some private buses run within the area.