Surat is a district located in Gujarat and is also known as the 'Diamond city of India'. The district is culturally and historically rich and is located in the southern banks of the Tapi river. Surat district is known for many things such as diamond merchants, flyovers, silk weavers, big industries and exotic beaches. Tourists from across the country visit Surat to witness the historic sites and amazing beaches that are located here.
The history of Surat, the port city of Gujarat, is rooted in the era of Ramayana and Mahabharata. According to popular folklore, it is said that Surat is the place where Lord Krishna paused while he was on his way to Dwarka from Mathura. Suryapur was the ancient name of Surat and there is no supporting document that highlights when and how the name got changed to the current one. It is believed that the city was founded by Gopi, a Brahmin, sometime around the 14th century and before that it was ruled by the Parsi community.
A look at the ancient history of Surat shows that it was ruled by Hindus for a significant period of time, and later it was invaded and remained a colony of Mughals and many other foreign invaders who captured the city for its port, Hazira. Surat port was a significant place as it enabled the rulers to connect with other countries in order to expand the trade and multiply the profit.
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During the 19th century, Surat was captured and ruled by the Britishers. The geographical location is such that through the sea route, one can conveniently connect to the gulf countries and other continents for trade and other business voyages. Britishers wanted to make the most of Surat port and that’s why they were so adamant to rule the place. They even fought with other foreign invaders such as French, Portuguese and Dutch and native rulers such as Marathas.
After India gained independence Surat developed as a prime commercial, industrial and tourist place in India. Surat, over time, managed to carve a niche for its silk, cotton, and apparel markets that had the unique zari work which is famous across the globe in the textile industry. Today Surat is known as the world’s largest diamond cutting, polishing, and carving center, where diamonds from around the world arrive for further processing.
Dandi is the place where the popular Dandi march was carried out by Mohan Das Karamchand Gandhi in 1930. Mahatma Gandhi marched from Sabarmati to Dandi against the tax levied on salt during the British rule. Dandi March or Salt March was participated by many followers of Gandhi Ji and was a prominent movement of India’s freedom struggle.
Dumas beach is located on the southern side of the Surat district and is famous for its black sand at the seashore. Locals believe that the place was used as a crematory ground by Hindus many years ago and that is why the sand has turned black. However, many people believe that due to the high concentration of iron in the land the sand has turned black and grey. Many ghost stories and paranormal activities have been reported around Dumas Beach which makes it a haunted destination. Read More
The Suvali beach or Swally beach is located nearly 20km from Surat and one may visit there by any local transport like a taxi or a bus. The beach is covered with black and grey color sand which is a sight of amusement for the visitors. The beach is known to be the cleanest among all the beaches of India.
Surat Castle is a 16th-century fort that was built by king Sultan Mehmood III. The motive behind the construction of the fort was to provide safe heaven to the natives and the royal family from the invaders. Tourists from across the country arrive here to witness this great construction.
Surat is an amazing place that will not only delight you by the glare of diamonds but will also entice you by the aroma of its local food. If in Surat one must try the following dishes: Locho (snack), Surti Sev Khamani (snack), Ghari (stuffed dry fruit), Undhiyu, Ponk Vadas, Nan Khatai (Biscuit), and Rassawal Khaman Dhokla.
Tourists may visit Surat at any time of the year. In case you wish to avoid traveling in a hot and humid climate then the monsoon season is not great to visit Surat which is between July to September. Apart from that, every month is great to travel to and explore Surat.
By Road. Tourists who are planning to travel to Surat by roadways from Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, and Bengaluru have to cover nearly 1,100, 300, 2,100 and 1,200 km respectively. Tourists can also reserve seats at the inter-state tourist buses to reach the district.
By Rail. Surat railway station is the nearest station to reach this culturally rich district of Gujarat. The station welcomes regular and frequent trains from across the country. Gandhidham special, Ag Kranti Rajdhani, and Swaraj Express are a few trains on which seats can be reserved to reach Surat.
By Air. Surat airport is the nearest airport to reach the district. The airport is approximately 40km from the district and one can take a taxi or a bus to cover this distance. Surat airport receives regular direct and connecting flights from all parts of the country such as Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, and Bengaluru hence finding flights and making reservations a week ahead of the journey is not a problem.
You can plan your trip and create your own route to the city with Adotrip’s technically driven circuit planner. Click here