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Although this exotic island is not a part of mainland India, yet its a popular tourist destination for all the Indians and beach lovers from across the world. Pamban Island is a part of the Ramanathapuram district of Tamil Nadu. Pamban Island is the largest island in Tamil Nadu in terms of area and is known worldwide for the popular pilgrimage site Rameshwaram. Rameshwaram is the holy place in the Hindu text, as it is believed that Lord Rama built a bridge of stones across the sea to rescue his wife Sita from the demon king of Lanka, Ravana.   

Pamban Island is located between the Indian Penninsula and Sri Lanka. Pamban Island is connected to mainland India via the Pamban channel. Apart from the ancient and religious significance, the island is also known for its rulers from the Chola Dynasty and Jaffna kingdom. The island was invaded by many traders from the west such as Britishers, and Dutches, because of its easy to access geographical location. After independence, the region came under the Ramanathapuram district, in Tamil Nadu. 

Today Pamban Island is considered an offbeat destination for travelers. The island accommodates ancient temples for religious tourists, beaches for beach lovers, sea rail bridge and water sports for the adventure seekers.

Places to Visit in Pamban Island 

Pamban Bridge. Pamban rail bridge is India’s first sea bridge built-in 1914 and is 2065m long. The bridge was made to connect the Ramanathapuram district in Tamil Nadu to the Pamban Island. Another thing that makes this bridge special is that it can open up to let the ferry boats, and ships pass. The bridge completed its 100years in 2014 and is still standing tall and strong in the water.     

Adam’s Bridge. Rama Setu or Adam’s bridge is another tourist attraction for tourists who visit Pamban Island. As per the popular beliefs, the bridge starts from Dhanuskodi and terminates at the Mannar Island in Sri Lanka. The bridge is made of limestone shoals, which make them float on the water surface.  

Also Read: The town is crossed by Kalpong river and is known for Ross Island and Diglipur National Park

Dhanushkodi. Dhanushkodi is a tiny beach town located on Pamban Island. The beach town gots its name after Lord Ram rescued his wife Sita and destroyed the Rama Setu with his bow and arrow. Once a significant town, Dhanushkodi has now become an abandoned land after the cyclone of 1964. Dhanushkodi is also known as ‘Ghost Town’ because the Tamil Nadu govt after the cyclone of 1964 declared the place ‘not fit for human habitation’. Read more...  

Ramanathaswamy Temple. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. As per the ancient tales, Ramanathaswamy temple is the place where Lord Rama worshipped Lord Shiva and prayed to him to forgive him for all the sins he might have committed in the war against Ravana. 

Things to do in Pamban Island 

Train Ride on Pamban Bridge. Chennai express and Rameshwaram Express are the two trains that pass through the Pamban bridge. If you are planning to visit Pamban island than book your tickets in advance for the train ride over the sea bridge.    

Visit Ancient Temples. Panchmulkhi Hanuman temple is one of the most popular temples in Rameshwaram. The five-faced idol of Lord Hanumana idol with the faces of Lord Narasimha, Lord Garuda, Lord Hayagriva, and Lord Adivaraha is a famous tourist attraction.  

Savor the Authentic South Indian Cuisine. Rameshwaram is a paradise for food lovers. The Rameshwaram platter is an amalgamation of seafood and typical south Indian food. On a visit to Pamban island or Rameshwaram where it is located one will get to taste exotic fishes and a variety of south Indian foods that are prepared with indigenously found herbs and spices.  

Events and Festivals of Pamban Island


Although Mahashivratri is celebrated across India, yet the Mahashivratri of Rameshwaram holds special significance. The Rameshwaram temple is believed to be the place where Lord Rama made a ‘jyotirlinga’ with his hand to worship Lord Shiva. This festival is a 10-day event in Rameshwaram which is celebrated with great enthusiasm.  


Thirukalyanam is a 17-day festival that celebrates the marriage of Lord Ramanatha and Goddess Parvatavardhini in the month of ‘Maas’ as per the Indian Calendar. Cultural programs and grand processions are carried out in the entire town to commemorate the auspicious occasion.  

Best Time to visit Pamban Island 

Pamban island observes a tropical climate as its located near the sea, hence any time of the year is great to visit. In case you wish to avoid hot and humid temperatures then planning a trip in winters would be a great idea as the temperature is quite pleasant from November to February. 

How to Reach Pamban Island 

By Air: Madurai airport is the nearest airport to Rameshwaram. After leaving the airport one has to take the local transport to travel another 3 km to reach Pamban Island. Madurai airport received direct and connecting flights from all metro cities of India such as Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, and Bengaluru.  

By Road: If you seek adventure on every trip and are planning to visit Pamban island by your car or bike then you have to cover a huge distance of 2700km, 1500km, 2200km, and 600km from Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, and Bengaluru respectively.   

By Rail: Rameshwaram railway station is the nearest railway station to reach Pamban island. The railway station is connected to all the major railway stations located in metro cities such as Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Bengaluru, Hyderabad and more. 

You can plan your trip and create your own route to the city with Adotrip’s technically driven circuit planner. Click here

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