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Panipat is a city in the state of Haryana with a rich heritage of rulers, kingdoms, cultures, and battles. The battles of Panipat are a big part of Indian history and that is why Panipat is famous among tourists even today. The three significant wars that were fought in and around the city of Panipat made this place and innate part of the Indian medieval history. Other than that, the city is also known for its textiles and is named as ‘City of Weavers’ or ‘Textile City’. Some famous landmarks of the city are Ibrahim Lodhi’s Tomb, Kala Amb, Bab-i-Faiz Gate, Hemus Samadhi Sthal and Panipat Museum.

History of Panipat 

Panipat is known for its battles that played a significant role in shaping the future of India, its rulers, and their respective dynasties. According to the folklores, the city of Panipat was established by Pandav brothers during Mahabharata. The ancient name of Panipat was Panduprastha which was meant from two words. ‘Pandu’ was the name of the father of 5 Pandavas and ‘Prastha’ means a city which together meant the city of Pandu. 

Medieval History of Panipat 

The first battle in Panipat was fought in 1526 between Timurid Babur and Ibrahim Lodhi. The battle marked the beginning of the Mughal empire in India and the end of the Lodhi kingdom (Delhi Sultanate). 

The second battle was fought in 1556 between Mughal emperor Akbar and Hindu Samrat Vikramaditya (Hemu). In the battle, Vikramaditya was defeated by Akbar’s army. After the battle Akbar won many battles and ruled entire India. Mughal emperor Akbar is one of the most celebrated rulers of India who did many good deeds for his people and gave every religion space to flourish in his kingdom and policies.  

The third battle in Panipat was fought in 1761 between Ahmad Shah Abdali and the Maratha empire. The third battle of Panipat is known in history for the heavy casualty of human life and money. Ahmad Shah won the battle against Marathas, which was followed by the beginning of the British era in the Indian political system   

Also Read: Home to UNESCO world heritage sites, this city is also a major producer of Silk and cotton textiles

Today, Panipat is a popular tourist spot specifically for youngsters because they get to read a lot about Pnaipat in their History books. Apart from its rich history, Panipat is visited by Hindu pilgrims for its Devi temple and many other popular sites. 

Places to visit in Panipat

Kabuli Bagh Mosque

The garden and the mosque were made by Babur to celebrate his victory over Ibrahim Lodhi. He made this mosque in the name of his wife Musammat Kabuli Begum. It is a popular tourist attraction in the city of Panipat as the place speaks a lot about history and the Mughal rule.

Ibrahim Lodhi’s Tomb

Ibrahim Lodhi was defeated in the first battle of Panipat by Babur. Legends have it that Babur defeated Lodhi with a much smaller army than that of Ibrahim Lodhi’s. The battle was significant in many ways as it established the Mughal rule in India.  

Hemu’s Samadhi Sthal

During the second battle of Panipat Hemu, the Hindu king who was also known as Chandra Vikramaditya was was beheaded by Bairam Khan a senior army official and confidant of Akbar. Folk tales and documents from that era claim that Hemu’s head was sent to Kabul and his body was sent to Purana Quila in Delhi to terrorize people and establish the Mughal rule. Today, a memorial lies in Shodpur village in the memory of the Hindu king.  

Kala Amb

It is a historic yet significant place in the city of Panipat. It was the place where the third war of Panipat was fought back in 1761. People visit this place quite often for its peaceful environment and to also explore the history of the place.

Things to do in Panipat

Explore the Historic Sites and Shop from the Local Markets 

Taking a tour of the historical sites of the city is a must-do. Panipat is home to many tombs. mosques, temples, and monuments that still carry the old charm. Apart from that shopping is extremely engaging as there are a lot of local markets with tons of handloom and textile products. Chowra Bazar, Main Bazar, Jawahar Cloth Market are a few markets that one must explore if in Panipat. 

Events and Festivals in & around Panipat

Pracheen Kala Kendra and Sangeet Sammelan

Pracheen Kala Kendra is a place for art lovers and artists. Tourists can come here to receive witness folk music and dance performances by budding and renowned artists. Read more

Kartik Cultural Festival

The festival is celebrated in Gurgaon every year with the initiatives taken by many organizations in order to promote the almost extinct art forms of India. The festival is a platform to showcase martial arts and any other folk arts of the nation which are now forgotten by people. Read more

Best time to visit Panipat

Summers can be deadly hot in Haryana, hence winters are the best time to visit Panipat. Choose the months between November to February to enjoy the entire trip and explore the place to the fullest and for an unforgettable experience.

How to reach Panipat?

Panipat is well connected by roadways railways and airways routes to all parts of India. The city is 90 km from the capital of India, Delhi and is 169 km from the state capital Chandigarh. Tourists from across the country and abroad travel to Panipat all year round.  

By Road. Traveling by road is time taking but its the best way to travel to any destination. One gets to witness the natural beauty that surrounds the place and take the less-traveled local roads. And if your destination is in India then you also get to savor the desi food at roadside Dhabas and witness the village life and farms during the road journey. You can take the inter-state tourist bus to reach Panipat or may take your personal bike/car to reach the city. In either case, you have to cover s distance of roughly 90, 1,500, 1,600, and 2,200km from Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, and Bengaluru respectively.     

By Rail. Panipat junction railway station is where you have to deboard the train to explore the city. Trains from all major cities and states of India such as Delhi, Mumbai, Jaipur, Pune, Lucknow, Hyderabad, Chennai, and Kolkata arrive at the station. From the station, one may take any locally available transport like a taxi, a bus or an auto to reach the desired location in Panipat. Himalayan Queen, Intercity Express and Jhelum Express are a few popular trains on which seats can be reserved. 

By Air. Indira Gandhi International airport in Delhi is the nearest airport to reach Panipat. From the airport, one has to take a taxi or a bus to reach Panipat which is approx 100km away. The airport receives direct and connecting flights from all parts of the country and abroad hence traveling till IGI will not be a problem. 

You can plan your trip and create your own route to the city with Adotrip’s technically driven circuit planner. Click here


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