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 Patna is the largest city of the state and the capital city of Bihar. It is one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world. It was founded by king Magadha in 490 BCE which is why it has a unique culture and influence in India. The significance of its history and ancient traditions are very well visible through the lifestyle of the city.

History of Patna 

Patna has its roots in the 4th Century BC during the Mauryan Empire. A famous Greek traveler Magasthenese visited the present-day Patna during the reign of Chandragupta Maurya and he also mentioned about the Mauryan rule and the place in his book ‘Indica’. In ancient times Patna was known as Patliputra. Many historians claim that the land of Patliputra was very fertile because it was situated by the river Ganga.    

Patliputra used to get visited by students and scholars the most for academic purposes primarily because of the Nalanda University. Buddhist followers and monks also used to visit Patliputra in order to reach Bodh Gaya the place where Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment.  Apart from all these religious significances, Patna is also known for Madhubani paintings that were created using charcoal, vegetables, and spice as colors.  

Patna also served as the capital city for various empires such as the Nanda Dynasty, the Mauryan empire, the Gupta empire, and Shunga Dynasty. After the decline of the Gupta dynasty, Patna got ruled by Mughals who then exported the premium quality rice from Patna to the other countries. After Mughals came the nawabs of Bengal who later lost to the Britishers in the battle fo Bauxar. During the British rule, many educational institutions and courts were built in Patna. 

Also Read: Known as ‘Land of Bhagwat Gita', this city in Haryana is where the war of Mahabharata was fought

Places to visit in Patna


Positioned in the city Patna, Golghar is an attractive storehouse cum monument that reflects a complete mix of history and beauty. The top of this storehouse offers a panoramic view of the city and the river Ganga. After a famine in 1770, this granary was built with the help of East India Company. 

Mahatma Gandhi Setu

Stands among the second largest river bridge in India, Mahatma Gandhi Setu is next to Bhupen Hazarika Setu in Assam. The bridge extends in a range of 5.7 km. and it was named after the father of the nation Mohan Das Karamchand Gandhi. This bridge connects the capital city Patna to Hajipur city in the north of Bihar.

Patna Sahib Gurudwara

The Gurudwara was built up in the memory of Guru Gobind Ji because it was his birthplace. Guru Gobind Singh Ji was the 10th and the last guru of Sikhs. Various other scriptures of Sikhs can be observed over here, and it falls among one of the 5 takhtas or holy seats of the authority of the Sikhs. Apart from that, there are several havelis of Salis Rai Jouri that turned into a Dharamshala as he was a passionate follower of Guru Nanak Dev Ji.

Gandhi Maidan

Positioned in the capital city Patna on the bank of river Ganga Gandhi Maidan is spread in an area of 60 acres. The maidan witnessed many independence movements, freedom rallies, parades and much more. Gandhi Maidan is a landmark in the city that has a 72 feet tall statue of Mahatma Gandhi that is made of Bronze. 

Things to do in Patna

Revolving Restaurant 

The biggest revolving restaurant lies in the tallest tower of Biskoman Bhawan in Patna. Built with German technology the restaurant can revolve in 45, 60 or 90 minutes. The restaurant is a popular weekend lunch or dinner spot for locals and tourists alike. 

Patna Museum 

Locals of Patna refer to the museum as Jadu Ghar. The museum has a unique collection of more than 50, 000 art objects belonging to the ancient, medieval and British era. The museum was built in 1917 with a motive to preserve and display the rich heritage of the land.   

Events and festivals in & around Patna

Sonpur Mela

Sonpur Mela also known as the Harihar Kshetra Mela is one of the biggest cattle fairs in India. The fair is a huge attraction for people to buy or sell elephants, horses, dogs, birds, etc. Read more

Chhath Puja

Chhath Puja is a thanksgiving festival of Bihar where people offer their gratitude to the Sun God. On this day people gather at the banks of River Ganga and take a dip in the holy waters to pray for prosperity and perform rituals. Read more

Pitrapaksha Mela

Pitrapaksha is a holy event that is of much value to the people of Bihar and beyond as well. Pitrapaksha which is commonly known as ‘Pind Daan’ is a holy Hindu rite that is done in order to offer salvation to the souls which are departed. Read more

Food and Fashion of Patna 

If in Bihar eat what the locals eat to experience the true flavor of the place. Bihar is known for its rich and spicy platter that involves appetizing dishes such as Litti Chokha, Naivedyam (sweet), Channa Ghugni, Khaja (snack), Khurma and Lakhto and Laung Latika.  

Best time to Visit Patna

Winter season is the best time to visit Patna as the temperature is moderate during October to March. Planning a visit around this time will let you explore the capital city of Bihar to the fullest.  

How to reach Patna?

By Road. From Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, and Bengaluru one has to travel a distance of approximately 1000km via NH27, 1700km via NH52 and NH27, 600km via NH19, and 2100 via NH44 respectively to reach Patna. Traveling by road comes with another option of traveling by inter-state tourist bus that runs regularly and frequently.   

By Rail. Patna Junction railway station is where one must get down from the train to reach the main city. Mahananda Express, Seemanchal Express, Howrah Duronto Express, and Virkamshila express are the few trains in which seats can be reserved to reach Patna. From the railway station, one may take the local public transport like taxi, bus, or auto-rickshaw to reach the desired location.  

By Air. Book flights to Patna international airport and get down to explore this ancient city that remained significant in ancient history, modern history and also in the digital age. Jay Prakash Narayan International Airport is the name of Patna airport that receives direct and connecting flights from all the major airports of India situated in metro cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, and Bengaluru. From the airport, one may use local transport to reach the desired destination. 

You can plan your trip and create your own route to the city with Adotrip’s technically driven circuit planner. Click here 

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