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Tawang is a controversial mountain town located in India that has always been in the headlines for its troubled borders. India considers Tawang as a town that belongs to the state of Arunachal Pradesh, whereas China claims it to be a part of South Tibet. Considering it more on the side of India, we describe it as a place that is home to the 17th century Tawang monastery. Tawang is a beautiful hill station having a massive Buddha statue and a place that had a great influence on the Buddhist followers of older times. There are a whole lot of tourist attractions in the place including the Penga Teng Tso which is an amazing lake that attracts flocks and flocks of migratory birds in summer.

History of Tawang

Historians claim that Tawang was the part of Tibet in the 16th century and was home to Monpa people, the inhabitants of Tibet. Tawang was also the birthplace of the 6th Dalai Lama Tsangyang Gyatso. Tawang was not a part of India until Britishers invaded the country. There lies an interesting story that led to the integration of Tawang in Indian territory. It happened amid the freedom struggle movements in India in the 20th century. 

In 1914, the Shimla treaty happened, during which the McMohan line was drawn between British India and Tibet, by the Britishers. They merged a major chunk of Tibetan land in British India territory and this is how Tawang was made a part of India. China doesn’t consider the Shimla treaty significant and considers Tawang a part of China. China has time and again raised the issue on various international platforms and has been demanding territorial rights over Tawang for long now. 

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Tawang got its name from two words one is ‘Ta’ which means Horse and ‘Wang’ which means green pastures. The valley lies at an altitude between 3,500 and 22,500 feet high. The place is known for snow-capped mountains, villages, lakes, green meadows and mountains. 

Modern History of Tawang 

After India’s independence, Tawang was made the headquarters of West Kameng District in Arunachal Pradesh. Later, Tawang district was carved out from West Kameng, and Tawang became the new headquarters of the newly formed Tawang District. Sela Pass connects Tawang to the rest of India. 

Places to visit in Tawang

Sela Pass

A mesmerizing destination that is all set to steal the heart of every visitor, the Sela Pass is a mesmerizing spot in the lap of Himalayas. It offers amazing natural beauty to the North-East and works as a lifeline for the residents of Arunachal Pradesh. The pass connects the local people from mainland India and vice-versa. The pass is an amazing place to visit and witness beautiful views of the Eastern Himalayan range.

Tawang Monastery

If you are a nature enthusiast, Tawang Monastery is the best destination to visit. The monastery also goes by the name Golden Namgyal. It is believed that the monastery is about 400 years old and it is considered as an abode for more than 300 monks. A famous religious center where an 8-meter long statue of Lord Buddha is also located.

Madhuri Lake

The lake is home to the Himalayas and offers a breath-taking view of mountains. The lake is famous for its enthralling surroundings and natural beauty. It got its name after the popular Bollywood actress Madhuri Dixit as she shot a dance sequence on the popular song, 'Tanhayi Tanhayi' with Shah Rukh Khan around this lake only for the movie 'Koyla'. Explore the upright tree trunks alongside the huge mountains.

Nuranang Falls

Another incredible destination located in Tawang is Nuranang Falls that offers an appearance of the white sheet of water falling from the heavens. Nuranang fall falls from a height of 100 meters. Also, known with another name called BTK waterfall, visitors may also enjoy swimming.

Things to do in Tawang

Meditate At The Taktsang Gompa

This Gompa is known to be the place where Guru Padmasambhava meditated. The gompa is located amidst hills and is visited by tourists and locals for its surreal ambiance. 

Go Hiking at the Gorichen Peak

Gorichen Peak is the highest peak in Arunachal Pradesh that is situated at a height of 22500. The peak is popular among tourists for being a hiking spot and spot for many adventure activities.   

Events and festivals in and Around Tawang

Ziro Music Festival

This world popular music festival was started in 2012 by Bobby Hano and Anup Kutty and the team has a long list of names now. The festival became popular because of its originality and also because of the location it was organized in. Read more

Torgya Monastery Festival

It is a monastic festival mainly which happens at the Tawang Monastery and is full of rich colors and brightness all around. Torgya is a three-day-long festival and people enjoy every bit of it. The Torgya Monastery Festival starts with the recitation of prayers and Monastic dances. It is celebrated in order to kill the evil spirits and seek blessings and prosperity for loved ones and crops. 

Best time to visit Tawang

The best time to visit Tawang is between October to March as the temperature remains pleasant during this time. However one may visit this beautiful town at any time of the year and if you wish to avoid the peak season crowds then one must skip the months between October to March.   

How to reach Tawang

By Road. Traveling by roadways is an exciting and memorable way to explore any place to the fullest. Roads take you to the core of the place and it's also the surrounding spots. In case you are planning a road trip to Tawang in Arunachal Pradesh then you may either take the inter-state tourist bus or your personal vehicle to travel. From Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Bengaluru one has to cover a distance of approx. 2,300, 3,100, 1,400, and 3,200 km respectively.  

By Rail. Tezpur railway station is the nearest station to Tawang. From the station, tourists have to travel another 340km via taxi or a bus to reach the town. Cachar Express, Barak Valley Express, and Arunachal Express are the three popular trains on which one may make the reservation to reach Arunachal Pradesh. 

By Air. Salonibari Tezpur Airport is the nearest airport. It receives connecting flights from Guwahati and Kolkata. From the airport, one has to cover a distance of approx. 330km to reach Tawang town. Traveling by air will save you a lot of time and will offer optimum comfort during the journey.  

You can plan your trip and create your own route to the city with Adotrip’s technically driven circuit planner. Click here

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